Both Sides Now
The Story of School Desegregation’s Graduates
Publication Year: 2009
Published by: University of California Press
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Title Page, About the Series, Copyright, Dedication
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Given the tenacity of his commentary on double consciousness, mixedschools, and the color line, the capacity of W. E. B. DuBois to introduce thesignificance of the present work should come as little surprise. Writingduring a period when school boards across the South were implementingvaried forms of massive desegregation and noting unequivocally that the...
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This study would not have been possible without the generous supportof the Spencer Foundation, the Joyce Foundation, and the Ford Foun-dation. The first author also benefited greatly from two fellowships whileworking on this project. She launched the study when she was visitingscholar at the Russell Sage Foundation and completed the final editing of...
1. The Class of 1980
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On a hot July afternoon, Larry Rubin was sitting on the large woodendeck behind his spacious, newly built suburban home in northern NewJersey.1 Drinking cool water and wearing a T-shirt from the prominentuniversity he had attended two decades before, Larry watched three ofhis four sons playing on their backyard jungle gym—a well-equipped...
2. Six Desegregated High Schools
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When this passage was written in the 1960s about the politics of nineAmerican communities undergoing school desegregation, this countrywas just embarking on what many thought was an effort to dismantle the“institutional complex” of racial segregation.1 Yet we learned, forty yearsafter Mack’s book Our Children’s Burden was published, not only that seg-...
3. Racially Mixed Schools in a Separate and Unequal Society
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Sitting in her office at a city-run agency in Austin, Texas, ChristineAlmonte speculated about what she had gained and what she had lostby attending the predominantly white Austin High School instead ofago.1 Like Larry Rubin in suburban New Jersey, Christine does not havea simple answer about what school desegregation meant to her. But...
4. We’re All the Same—Aren’t We?
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Betsy Hagart grew up in the 1960s and 1970s in a middle-class, all-whiteneighborhood on the east side of Charlotte, North Carolina. As a middle-class white girl, she blended into her community and her nearby ele-mentary and junior high schools, where there were very few blackstudents and no students from backgrounds of real poverty or affluence....
5. Close Together but Still Apart: Friendships across Race Only Went So Far
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Fourth grade at the Robert E. Lee Elementary School in Austin, Texas,was a difficult year for Harriet “Hattie” Allen. It was 1971, and Hattie, anAfrican American child from East Austin, on the “other side of the high-way,” had just transferred into the predominantly white and affluent LeeElementary School in West Austin. Her teacher, a white woman, tried to...
6. Why It Was Worth It
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When she was a student at Shaker Heights High School in the late 1970s,Maya Deller was passionate about changing the world. By the early2000s, when we met her, this fiery, redheaded white woman was a suc-cessful lawyer in a Cleveland law firm. She was divorced with threeyoung children and lived in a community not far from Shaker Heights....
7. More Diverse Than My Current Life
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...family had been part of the black community for generations. Like hisfather and uncle and cousin before him, Henry went to Topeka HighSchool. But unlike prior generations of Delanes, Henry experienced agated, both across and within school buildings, even though it stillhad a long way to go to achieve meaningful integration. In the fall of...
8. But That Was a Different Time
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The history of school desegregation in the United States includes manyinstances of white students never showing up to their newly assignedracially mixed public schools. This was not at all uncommon in the South,where “segregation academies”—private schools for white children—opened just in time to enroll students who were fleeing desegregated...
9. The Souls of Desegregated Folk
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Sydney Morgan, an African American graduate of Dwight Morrow HighSchool whom we have quoted several times in prior chapters, has seenracism from many sides now. When we spoke to her, more than twentyyears after her graduation from Dwight Morrow, she was a lawyer livingEnglewood or the affluent community where Larry Rubin, her former...
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Page Count: 368
Publication Year: 2009