Ghost Dances and Identity
Prophetic Religion and American Indian Ethnogenesis in the Nineteenth Century
Publication Year: 2006
Published by: University of California Press
Download PDF (195.5 KB)
Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
Download PDF (39.1 KB)
Download PDF (31.1 KB)
Download PDF (14.6 KB)
Download PDF (20.0 KB)
During the time it took to write this book, I ran up a debt to many finepeople and institutions. The Department of History at the University ofUniversity’s Tanner Humanities Center awarded me a year-long graduatestudent fellowship, and the Graduate School supported my research andwriting with a University Research Fellowship and the Steffensen Cannon...
Download PDF (56.2 KB)
...out here in the west. We still have all our old customs. . . . WeJust after 9:30 on the morning of 29 December 1890, the shooting began.The previous afternoon, soldiers of the United States Seventh Cavalryhad intercepted Bigfoot’s Minneconjou Lakotas and forced them to campalong Wounded Knee Creek in the new state of South Dakota. Like many...
Download PDF (110.4 KB)
I. Identity and Prophecyin the Newe World
Download PDF (20.5 KB)
When the members of Lewis and Clark’s Corps of Discovery crossedthe Continental Divide and descended into what is today Idaho’s LemhiValley, they entered a complex and dynamic native world created by thewas not an untouched wilderness but a place with a long and rich social,religious, political, and economic history. It was also a world in the...
1. Snakes and Diggers
Download PDF (135.2 KB)
...division of the Snakes . . . [the] Bonacks [are] better suppliedBy the time the Ghost Dance movements of the late nineteenth centuryreached the Fort Hall Reservation in southeastern Idaho, governmentofficials and the local white population agreed that the reservation wasthe home of two discrete peoples, whom they labeled Shoshones and...
2. Shamans, Prophets,and Missionaries
Download PDF (136.9 KB)
Religion and identity are intertwined. Religions explain who a peopleare, how they were created, and the nature of their relationship to theworld and to others.1 Newe peoples made sense of the great changes intheir world in part through their religious beliefs. But, like people, beliefsystems do not exist in a vacuum. Beliefs and events are inextricably...
Download PDF (113.7 KB)
Treaty council location Modern state boundaries Reservation boundaries...
II. Identity, Prophecy,and Reservation Life
Download PDF (20.3 KB)
...world that was increasingly not of their making. On the heels of themassive overland emigration came the flood of permanent white settle-demanded that native peoples give up most of their lands as well as theirtraditional life ways. Newe groups struggled to maintain their territorialand cultural integrity, in part by asserting more distinct social identities....
3. Treaty Making andConsolidation
Download PDF (121.2 KB)
By the 1860s, the once-fluid social, political, and geographic boundariesof the Newe world began to harden as the United States exerted evergreater control over the lives and lands of Newe peoples. Social and eco-nomic differentiation had already resulted in a greater sense of socialidentity among Newe peoples, best characterized by the existence of...
4. Two Trails
Download PDF (186.0 KB)
The decade between the founding of the Fort Hall Reservation and theend of the Bannock War marked the last period of true off-reservationfreedom for Newe peoples. It was also a decade for decisions as theiroptions narrowed. As Willie George saw it, his people increasingly faceda choice between “two trails.” White settlements expropriated or de-...
5. Culture Wars, Indianness,and the 1890 Ghost Dance
Download PDF (152.3 KB)
In the years after the Bannock War, another conflict raged on the FortHall Reservation. In a few rare instances it became violent, but for themost part it was a political, social, and cultural fight. In essence it was aconflict between two competing visions of the future of Indian America.One vision prophesied the end of American Indians. Taken by the hand...
Download PDF (72.8 KB)
On New Year’s Day 1889 Jack Wilson died, and so began perhaps themost famous and most studied American Indian religious movement ofthe nineteenth century. When his spirit returned to his body, Wilson, whowas also known as Wovoka, began to preach to his people, the NorthernPaiutes, or Numu, of the Smith and Mason valleys of western Nevada....
Download PDF (177.1 KB)
Download PDF (95.5 KB)
Download PDF (90.2 KB)
Page Count: 302
Publication Year: 2006