A Critical History of Early Rome
From Prehistory to the First Punic War
Publication Year: 2005
In addition to its value as an authoritative synthesis of current research, A Critical History of Early Rome offers a revisionist interpretation of Rome's early history through its innovative use of ancient sources. The history of this period is notoriously difficult to uncover because there are no extant written records, and because the later historiography that affords the only narrative accounts of Rome's early days is shaped by the issues, conflicts, and ways of thinking of its own time. This book provides a groundbreaking examination of those surviving ancient sources in light of their underlying biases, thereby reconstructing early Roman history upon a more solid evidentiary foundation.
Published by: University of California Press
Download PDF (74.0 KB)
Title Page, Copyright
Download PDF (54.6 KB)
Download PDF (82.4 KB)
List of Tables and Illustrations
Download PDF (29.0 KB)
Download PDF (29.4 KB)
The many debts of gratitude incurred in the course of researching and writing this book are too numerous to be easily enumerated, but common decency requires that the author at least make an attempt to acknowledge the most obvious and important ones. ...
Download PDF (36.3 KB)
Download PDF (40.9 KB)
Download PDF (65.6 KB)
This book narrates the early history of Rome, one of the most successful imperial powers of world history. Although the story told here ends with the subjugation of Italy and thus does not treat the great wars of overseas conquest, during Rome’s advancement from a small town on the Tiber River to the ruling power of the Italian peninsula ...
1. Italy in Prehistory
Download PDF (458.3 KB)
The past two hundred years of human history have witnessed continuous and rapid technological change and progress on an unparalleled scale. Yet despite the highly advanced nature of present-day technology, geographical and climatic factors still exercise a profound influence upon the regional economies and cultures of human populations worldwide. ...
2. Archaic Italy c. 800–500 B.C.
Download PDF (351.3 KB)
Cultural and technological advancement in Italy from the Neolithic Age onwards was largely bound up with influences received directly or indirectly from central Europe, the Balkan peninsula, and the Near East. This pattern continued during the period covered in the present chapter, but with far more important consequences. ...
3. The Ancient Sources for Early Roman History
Download PDF (101.6 KB)
The history of Rome’s regal period and early republic is highly problematic due to the fact that ancient accounts were written during the second and first centuries B.C., long after the events that they described.1 Consequently, modern historians often disagree substantially in their interpretations and reconstructions, ...
4. Rome During the Regal Period
Download PDF (337.8 KB)
Our two primary sources of information for Rome during the regal period are the ancient literary tradition and archaeological data, both of which are highly problematic for different reasons. As the surviving fragments from Fabius Pictor’s historical account show, the traditions surrounding Rome’s early kings were already well established ...
5. Archaic Roman Religion
Download PDF (364.5 KB)
Given the important role religion played in early Roman affairs and in shaping Rome’s institutions, an overview of the subject may be considered essential for a full understanding of early Roman society and its cultural and political development.1 Since we possess a substantial amount of ancient evidence about religious ideas and practices ...
6. The Beginning of the Roman Republic
Download PDF (241.1 KB)
According to the ancient literary tradition, Rome’s last king, Tarquinius Superbus (Tarquin the Proud), was a cruel tyrant. He murdered Servius Tullius, usurped royal power, oppressed the senate, and worked the Roman people to exhaustion by making them labor on the sewer system of the Cloaca Maxima ...
7. Rome of the Twelve Tables
Download PDF (148.1 KB)
Perhaps the single most important and lasting innovation in the Roman state around the middle of the fifth century B.C. was the Law of the Twelve Tables, so-called because this first major codification of law was initially engraved on twelve bronze tablets and was displayed in public. ...
8. Evolution and Growth of the Roman State, 444–367 B.C.
Download PDF (252.4 KB)
Shortly after the codification of the Twelve Tables, the chief executive office of the Roman state was reorganized.1 Beginning in 444 B.C. and extending down to 367 B.C., the eponymous officials of the Roman state fluctuated between two consuls and a board of military tribunes with consular power (also termed consular tribunes), ...
9. Rome’s Rise to Dominance, 366–300 B.C.
Download PDF (285.0 KB)
The primary purpose behind the reorganization of 367 B.C. was to provide the Roman state with a new set of officials with differentiated functions to replace the board of six military tribunes with consular power.1 An equally important secondary result of this legislation was the agreement within the Roman aristocracy ...
10. Rome’s Conquest and Unification of Italy, 299–264 B.C.
Download PDF (262.0 KB)
The period of peace following the Second Samnite War was brief.1 Since we are not informed of the exact terms of the settlement of 304 B.C., we have no way of knowing to what extent, if any, the terms of peace created resentment or set up potential areas of conflict and thereby contributed to the outbreak of war six years later ...
Appendix: Early Roman Chronology
Download PDF (42.8 KB)
Download PDF (134.4 KB)
Download PDF (1014.3 KB)
Page Count: 416
Publication Year: 2005