Languages and Nations
The Dravidian Proof in Colonial Madras
Publication Year: 2006
Published by: University of California Press
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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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Some years ago I began to investigate the way in which languages andnations are twinned in European thought such that the historical rela-tions among languages become signs of the historical relations amongnations—ethnology by means of linguistics, so to say. This idea was ap-plied worldwide through the expansion of European power in the eigh-...
1 Explosion in the Grammar Factory
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In the European thought of the eighteenth century, languages and nationswere understood to be parallel, in that the histories of both were viewedas governed by genealogical relations and linked; therefore, the genea-logical relations among languages could serve to extend the reach of his-torical memory concerning the relations among nations and to repair it...
2 Pânini and Tolkāppiyar
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Could it have been a coincidence that the European languages-and-nations project, which was carried to every corner of the globe by theworldwide spread of European power, was especially fruitful in BritishIndia? I believe that it was not a coincidence, but rather that India’s owntradition of language analysis, highly developed from ancient times,...
3 Ellis and His Circle
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Having examined the structure of the European and Indian inputs intothe British-Indian conjuncture, we turn now to the Dravidian proof. Inthis chapter I introduce the leading personnel associated with the emer-gence of the Dravidian conception; in the next, I will analyze the Collegeof Fort St. George, which was the institutional context of its publication....
4 The College
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Having met the leading personnel involved in producing the new knowl-edge about South India, we must now examine the College of Fort St.George, which was the main locus for this process. This chapter is not ahistory of the College as such (though such a history is very much to bedesired). It is, rather, an inquiry into the relation of the College to the...
5 The Dravidian Proof
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We come now to the Dravidian proof itself, its argument, and the relatedargument of A. D. Campbell in the introduction to his Telugu grammar.But before doing so we need to contextualize the Dravidian proof’s ap-pearance by considering the public course that was designed as the center-piece of the junior civil servants’ education at the College, and the disser-...
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Ellis was involved in generating a whole array of new understandingsof South Indian history and culture concerning such matters as law, land,literature, religion, and caste. Some of these were highly consequential,especially his work on land tenure, which included writing, with Sankara-iah, the Treatise of mirasi right, and introducing the ryotwari system (over...
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Having completed our analysis of the Dravidian proof, the conditionsof its emergence, and its effects in India, we return to the larger phenome-non of the languages-and-nations project in relation to India and the In-dian tradition of language analysis. I begin by reprising the analysis ofthe languages-and-nations project as it now appears, in the light of the...
Appendix A. The Legend of the Cow-Pox
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Ellis first wrote this curious text, “The Legend of the Cow-Pox,” in Tamil and then translated it into English. It was meant to aid in the promotion of the new vaccination for smallpox, a project on which the colonial government had embarked in a big way shortly after the vaccine’s discovery...
Appendix B. The Dravidian Proof
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I reproduce here the text of the Dravidian proof, that is, the “Note to the introduction” by F.W. Ellis printed in A. D. Campbell’s A grammar of the Teloogoo language (1816). This text is also referred to as the “Dissertation on Telugu,” one of a set of projected dissertations on the South
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Page Count: 321
Publication Year: 2006