Languages and Nations
The Dravidian Proof in Colonial Madras
Publication Year: 2006
Published by: University of California Press
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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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Some years ago I began to investigate the way in which languages and nations are twinned in European thought such that the historical relations among languages become signs of the historical relations among nations—ethnology by means of linguistics, so to say. This idea was applied...
1. Explosion in the Grammar Factory
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In the European thought of the eighteenth century, languages and nations were understood to be parallel, in that the histories of both were viewed as governed by genealogical relations and linked; therefore, the genealogical relations among languages could serve to extend the reach of historical...
2. Pânini and Tolkāppiyar
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Could it have been a coincidence that the European languages-and-nations project, which was carried to every corner of the globe by the worldwide spread of European power, was especially fruitful in British India? I believe that it was not a coincidence, but rather that India’s own...
3. Ellis and His Circle
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Having examined the structure of the European and Indian inputs into the British-Indian conjuncture, we turn now to the Dravidian proof. In this chapter I introduce the leading personnel associated with the emergence of the Dravidian conception; in the next, I will analyze the College...
4. The College
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Having met the leading personnel involved in producing the new knowledge about South India, we must now examine the College of Fort St. George, which was the main locus for this process. This chapter is not a history of the College as such (though such a history is very much to be...
5. The Dravidian Proof
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We come now to the Dravidian proof itself, its argument, and the related argument of A. D. Campbell in the introduction to his Telugu grammar. But before doing so we need to contextualize the Dravidian proof’s appearance by considering the public course that was designed as the centerpiece...
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Ellis was involved in generating a whole array of new understandings of South Indian history and culture concerning such matters as law, land, literature, religion, and caste. Some of these were highly consequential, especially his work on land tenure, which included writing, with Sankaraiah...
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Having completed our analysis of the Dravidian proof, the conditions of its emergence, and its effects in India, we return to the larger phenomenon of the languages-and-nations project in relation to India and the Indian tradition of language analysis. I begin by reprising the analysis of...
Appendix A. The Legend of the Cow-Pox
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Ellis first wrote this curious text, “The Legend of the Cow-Pox,” in Tamil and then translated it into English. It was meant to aid in the promotion of the new vaccination for smallpox, a project on which the colonial government had embarked in a big way shortly after the vaccine’s discovery...
Appendix B. The Dravidian Proof
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I reproduce here the text of the Dravidian proof, that is, the “Note to the introduction” by F.W. Ellis printed in A. D. Campbell’s A grammar of the Teloogoo language (1816). This text is also referred to as the “Dissertation on Telugu,” one of a set of projected dissertations on the South
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Page Count: 321
Publication Year: 2006