<i>Huang Di Nei Jing Su Wen</i>
Nature, Knowledge, Imagery in an Ancient Chinese Medical Text: With an appendix: The Doctrine of the Five Periods and Six Qi in the Huang Di Nei Jing Su Wen
Publication Year: 2003
Unschuld traces the history of the Su wen to its origins in the final centuries B.C.E., when numerous authors wrote short medical essays to explain the foundations of human health and illness on the basis of the newly developed vessel theory. He examines the meaning of the title and the way the work has been received throughout Chinese medical history, both before and after the eleventh century when the text as it is known today emerged. Unschuld’s survey of the contents includes illuminating discussions of the yin-yang and five-agents doctrines, the perception of the human body and its organs, qi and blood, pathogenic agents, concepts of disease and diagnosis, and a variety of therapies, including the new technique of acupuncture. An extensive appendix, furthermore, offers a detailed introduction to the complicated climatological theories of Wu yun liu qi ("five periods and six qi"), which were added to the Su wen by Wang Bing in the Tang era.
In an epilogue, Unschuld writes about the break with tradition and innovative style of thought represented by the Su wen. For the first time, health care took the form of "medicine," in that it focused on environmental conditions, climatic agents, and behavior as causal in the emergence of disease and on the importance of natural laws in explaining illness. Unschuld points out that much of what we surmise about the human organism is simply a projection, reflecting dominant values and social goals, and he constructs a hypothesis to explain the formation and acceptance of basic notions of health and disease in a given society. Reading the Su wen, he says, not only offers a better understanding of the roots of Chinese medicine as an integrated aspect of Chinese civilization; it also provides a much needed starting point for discussions of the differences and parallels between European and Chinese ways of dealing with illness and the risk of early death.
Published by: University of California Press
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...2. References to Huang Di nei jing and Su wen in Early Bibliographic4.4. The Influence of Wang Bing’s Worldview on His Su wen Edition / 483. The Major Commentated Su wen Versions Subsequent to Gao Baoheng4. Two Japanese Commentated Su wen Versions of the Edo Period / 743.5. The Status Quo of the Five-Agents Doctrine in the Su wen / 106...
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This book is a study of the Huang Di nei jing su wen¿“∫g¿›(Su wen),an ancient text that, together with its sister text, the Huang Di nei jing lingshu¿“∫gFœ(Ling shu), plays a role in Chinese medical history com-parable to that of the Hippocratic writings in ancient Europe. Progress andsignificant paradigm changes have reduced Hippocrates to the honored origi-...
I. BIBLIOGRAPHIC HISTORY OF THE SU WEN
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The Huang Di nei jing su wen¿“∫g¿›and the Huang Di nei jing ling shu¿“∫gFœ form a textual corpus generally known as the Huang Di neijing.1 Popular accounts of the history of Chinese medicine tend to locate theorigin of this text in a distant past, several millennia b.c. Voices refuting au-thorship by the legendary Huang Di in prehistoric times have been heard...
II. THE MEANING OF THE TITLE HUANG DI NEI JING SU WEN
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Long Bojian sBÌexplains the association of the Nei jing with Huang Diwith two arguments. First, the Nei jing emphasizes the yin-yang and the five-agents doctrines, which, according to the Shi ji, had been introduced by ZouYan Ql. Because Zou Yan, in turn, venerated Huang Di, the Nei jing wasSecond, Long Bojian quotes a passage from the Huai nan zianlof the...
III. EARLY SU WEN TEXTS AND COMMENTARIES BEFORE THE ELEVENTH CENTURY
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In about a.d. 260 a man named Huangfu Mi (215–282) wrote the first med-ical text transmitted to the present containing historically datable contentsthat can be traced to the textus receptus of the Su wen. Huangfu Mi, whosechildhood name was Jing R and whose style name was Shian hw, wasrenowned enough to be remembered with a biography by the authors of the...
IV. ORIGIN AND TRADITION OF THE TEXTUS RECEPTUS OF THE SU WEN
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For more than two hundred fifty years, Wang Bing’s version of the Su wenwas transmitted side by side with Quan Yuanqi’s Su wen xun jie of the earlysixth century. In addition, the combined edition of the Su wen and the Zhenjing/Jiu juan/Ling shu in Yang Shangshan’s Huang Di nei jing tai su of the sec-ond half of the seventh century competed for the attention of scholars and...
V. A SURVEY OF THE CONTENTS OF THE SU WEN
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The Huang Di nei jing su wen is a compilation of fragmentary texts written byan unknown number of authors in a period lasting from about the secondor first century b.c. to the second century a.d. Some passages may have beenwritten even later. It may well be that several of the headings of the seventy-nine discourses of the textus receptus denoted a treatise prior to its inclu-...
VI. EPILOGUE: TOWARD A COMPARATIVE HISTORICAL ANTHROPOLOGY OF MEDICAL THOUGHT
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The texts collected in the Su wen, as heterogeneous and at times contradic-tory as they may be, share at least one central feature. They reflect a delib-erate break with an older tradition and the genesis of an innovative style ofthought that proved to be the seed of a long-lasting new tradition. Briefly,the older tradition comprised a concept of health care on the basis of the...
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...1. While the Su wen and the Ling shu, since their first appearances in bibliographicreferences, have been transmitted through the centuries in more or less re-structured versions, a third text belonging to this group, the Tai su, was lost inChina, possibly during the later Song dynasty. Fragments permitting a recon-struction of major portions of the Tai su were found in Japanese libraries in the...
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Bai hu tong zhu zi suo yin’Íqvr¡fi. A Concordance to the Baihutong, ed. ChanMan Hung ØUØ, series eds. D. C. Lau BµÔand Chen Fong Ching ØËø.Bei Qi shu_Ù—. Beijing _?: Zhong hua shu ju §ÿ—Ω, 1987.Ben cao jing ji zhuªÛg∞`, by Tao Hong jing ≥∞∫. Ed. Okanishi Tameto £ËBo wu zhi jiao zheng’´”’“, by Zhang Hua iÿ, ed. Fan Ning SÁ. Beijing _?:...
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Page Count: 536
Publication Year: 2003