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Pious Passion

The Emergence of Modern Fundamentalism in the United States and Iran

Martin Riesebrodt

Publication Year: 1993

Martin Riesebrodt's unconventional study provides an extraordinary look at religious fundamentalism. Comparing two seemingly disparate movements—in early twentieth-century United States and 1960s and 1970s Iran—he examines why these movements arose and developed. He sees them not simply as protests against "modernity" per se, but as a social and moral community's mobilization against its own marginalization and threats to its way of life. These movements protested against the hallmarks of industrialization and sought to transmit conservative cultural models to the next generation.

Fundamentalists desired a return to an "authentic" social order governed by God's law, one bound by patriarchal structures of authority and morality. Both movements advocated a strict gender dualism and were preoccupied with controlling the female body, which was viewed as the major threat to public morality.

Published by: University of California Press

Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. i-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Preface

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pp. ix-x

...As of 1990, when this book was first published in German, there had been no comparative sociological treatment of fundamentalist movements. The present work, therefore, can neither offer a synthesis of previous work nor attempt to conclude a debate, but must first clear the way for such a scholarly discussion. The goal of the book is accordingly modest. It seeks, through its definition of the subject...

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1. Fundamentalism as a Sociological Problem

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pp. 1-32

...Since the end of the 1970s, "fundamentalism" has rapidly become a catchword in academic and journalistic discourse. The term is used primarily to designate the religious protest movements and militant groups whose radical demands and spectacular actions have dramatically altered political relations, above all in Islamic countries, but also in Israel, the United States, and South and East Asia...

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2. Protestant Fundamentalism in the United States, 1910–1928

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pp. 33-99

...Radical-traditionalist reactions to rapid social change are found in all religions of salvation and redemption. In societies predominantly influenced by Christianity, however, different reactions occur depending on whether the dominant faith is Catholicism, Lutheranism, or ascetic Protestantism. Catholic countries have produced mainly right-wing radical movements with anti-Christian to clerical...

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3. Shi'ite Fundamentalism in Iran, 1961–1979

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pp. 100-175

...Islam is not static, but as in other religions its dogma and practices have been subject to change in response to transformations in society, politics, and the economy. Islam appears differently in Indonesia than in Morocco, in Sunni countries differently than in Shi'ite, in the countryside differently than in the city. As in Christian countries differences in structural conditions either promote or hinder...

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4. Fundamentalism as Radical Patriarchalism

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pp. 176-208

...The goal of this work has been to investigate fundamentalism as an urban protest movement in the United States (1910—1928) and Iran (1961—1979). This was intended to test whether such a cross-cultural comparison makes sense and is useful for other societies and cultures. We have investigated the ideology, carriers, and causes of mobilization of two fundamentalist movements. The...

Notes

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pp. 209-230

References

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pp. 231-256

Index

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pp. 257-262


E-ISBN-13: 9780520911420
Print-ISBN-13: 9780520074644

Page Count: 272
Publication Year: 1993

Series Title: Comparative Studies in Religion and Society