Bridging the Information Gap
Legislative Member Organizations as Social Networks in the United States and the European Union
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: University of Michigan Press
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Title Page, Copyright Page
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The idea for this book grew out of our mutual interest in social networks in legislative politics and legislative member organizations (LMOs) as often- overlooked features of the institutional structure of many lawmaking bod-ies. What started out as an idea for a comparative paper on LMOs quickly became a much greater undertaking, largely as a consequence of the relative ...
1. Bridging the Information Gap: The Social and Political Power of Legislative Member Organizations
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In the aftermath of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks in the United States, a number of lawmakers and commentators put forward a short- lived and ultimately unsuccessful proposal that the U.S. Congress have the op-tion to do its work remotely? a ?virtual Congress,? they called it (R. Cohen 2002). The proposal was fueled in part by widespread speculation that the ...
2. Solutions to Informational Collective Action Dilemmas: Theorizing the Benefits of Legislative Member Organizations
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Across the clusters in an organization or market, creativity is a diffusion process of repeated discovery in which a good idea is carried across structural holes to be discovered in one cluster of people, rediscovered in another, then rediscov-ered in still others? and each discovery is no less an experience of creativity for people encountering the good idea. Thus, value accumulates as an idea moves ...
3. Where in the World Are LMOs?
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Legislative member organizations (LMOs) exist in a great number of legis-latures. They are a more widespread phenomenon than most people? including most legislative scholars? realize. In this chapter, we seek to an-swer two elementary but exceedingly important questions: First, where do LMOs exist, and second, what factors affect the likelihood that LMOs will ...
4. Building the Case: Legislative Member Organizations in the European Parliament and the U.S. Congress
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This chapter introduces two legislatures whose legislative member organi-zations (LMOs) we analyze as case studies to investigate their role in legisla-tive politics. Our two cases are intergroups in the European Parliament and congressional member organizations (CMOs), usually referred to as cau-cuses, in the U.S. Congress.1 We use these cases in three empirical chapters ...
5. Networking the Legislators
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One thing [I get out of the intergroup meetings] is the ability to know and dis-cuss with colleagues that are out of our delegations and our committees. So it provides you with an opportunity to communicate with colleagues. This is a very big parliament?.?.?. so it is very difficult to meet people. Even a few minutes of discussion can make a connection.?.?.?. It is very important to be able to func-...
6. There’s No Such Thing as Too Much Information (in Legislative Politics)
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Caucuses are generally headed up and they?re actually driven by whoever are the chairs and the cochairs, and they?re the people that you can count on to go to for information, for contacts, to pull briefings together on these kinds of is-sues, to know where some of the best resources on these pieces of information are. And that?s I think why [a member of Congress] enjoys being a member of a ...
7. Conclusion: How LMOs Do and Do Not Matter
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One big question yet to be considered is to what extent the activities of leg-islative member organizations (LMOs) are consequential in that they affect the content of legislation. This is a difficult issue to address, because we ex-pect the influence of LMOs to be diffuse and indirect. In fact, our theoreti-cal argument about the strength of weak, cross- cutting ties, the exchange of ...
Appendix A. Survey Questions
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Appendix B. Exponential Random Graph Models
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Page Count: 288
Illustrations: 14 figures, 36 tables
Publication Year: 2013