Preschool Politics in the United States
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: University of Michigan Press
Download PDF (51.2 KB)
Download PDF (364.7 KB)
Download PDF (176.0 KB)
Download PDF (362.4 KB)
During my first semester in graduate school, I took a course on educa-tion policy and a course on the politics of the welfare state. These courses piqued my interest in early childhood education and the potential in-sight it of_fered into the politics of social policy in the United States. Sur-prised by how little the courses overlapped, I set that interest aside. That ...
Download PDF (249.3 KB)
On April 1, 196eight.oldstyle, the U.S. commissioner of education, Harold Howe II, was supposed to address the annual meeting of the Department of Elementary School Principals of the National Education Association in Houston, Texas. When his presence was required at an appropriations hearing in Washington, Howe was unable to make the trip. Instead, his speech was ...
Download PDF (449.9 KB)
Scholars have long been captivated by the distinctive features of the Amer-ican welfare state. One recent focus has been the pronounced role of the private sector in the pursuit of social policy objectives. The American wel-fare state is a divided one in which many of the duties carried out by gov-ernments elsewhere are lef_t in the hands of the private sector.1 Various tax ...
Download PDF (485.1 KB)
Debates over the education and care of young children date back at least to the infant school movement of the early 1eight.oldstyle00s, and the contemporary rhetoric surrounding the issue resonates with the claims and counter-claims of earlier eras. Af_ter a brief review of developments in the nine-teenth and early twentieth centuries, this chapter examines three national ...
Download PDF (491.1 KB)
Interest in early childhood policy remained high af_ter the inauguration of President Richard Nixon, thanks in part to the widespread attention Head Start received. A March 1969 memo to the Advisory Committee on Head Start argued that the program helped produce “an unprecedented amount of national interest in the importance of early childhood development.”1 ...
Download PDF (445.0 KB)
One of the distinctive features of the American political system is the ex-tent to which it decentralizes political authority. This institutional frag-mentation can impede the adoption of expansive policies, but it also pro-vides multiple access points for reformers. Frustrated in one institutional context, reformers can try to achieve their goals in another setting, a phe-...
Download PDF (499.5 KB)
As state officials established early childhood programs in the early and mid- 1970s, Congress continued to debate the appropriate role for the na-tional government in this policy arena. The demise of the Comprehensive Child Development Act did not settle the issue, even though the measure’s supporters recognized that major policy changes were unlikely. This chap-...
Download PDF (465.0 KB)
The fragmentation of early childhood policy in the United States can be traced to developments in the late 1960s and early 1970s, especially Nixon’s veto of the Comprehensive Child Development Act. The veto was a critical juncture not only because it dashed the hopes of those who wanted a larger role for the national government. It also caused those advocates to engage ...
Download PDF (282.0 KB)
During the past fif_teen years, national and state officials have devoted sub-stantial attention to early childhood policy. Af_ter chronicling the demo-graphic, intellectual, and political forces that returned the issue to the po-litical agenda, this chapter focuses on the congressional developments of the late 1990s and early 2000s. During the last two decades, Congress has ...
Download PDF (463.6 KB)
During the last two decades, many states have expanded access to and increased public spending on preschool education. Some recent initiatives built on the publicly funded programs that were established during the 1970s, while other states created new programs. One source of heightened state- level activity in the late 1990s and early 2000s was the absence of ...
Download PDF (411.1 KB)
In a November 2011 interview, House minority leader Nancy Pelosi (D- CA) was asked what her legislative goals would be if the Democrats were to retake control of the House of Representatives. The former Speaker of the House answered that her top priority would be to push for compre-hensive change in early childhood policy. Describing how she struggled to ...
Download PDF (176.0 KB)
One of the archival sources on which the preceding analysis relies is a col-lection of interviews housed at the National Library of Medicine in Bethesda, Maryland. The relevant notes incorporate only the names of the interviewer and the interviewee, the date of the interview, and the page number from which the relevant quotation is drawn. The full citation for ...
Download PDF (564.6 KB)
Download PDF (403.9 KB)
Download PDF (416.3 KB)
Page Count: 288
Illustrations: 1 figure, 3 tables
Publication Year: 2013