Work, Race, and the Emergence of Radical Right Corporatism in Imperial Germany
Publication Year: 2009
Published by: University of Michigan Press
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List of Abbreviations
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I began this book some years ago in the context of my dissertation research at the University of Michigan, where I learned from the very best and acquired numerous intellectual debts. Above all, I thank my doctoral advisor, Geoff Eley, whose knowledge of German and European history, generosity, patience, sense of humor, and unfailing support...
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In late September 1905, a number of leading social reformers and representatives of German heavy industry met in Mannheim at the annual general meeting of the Association for Social Policy (Verein für Sozialpolitik), the preeminent social reform organization in imperial Germany, for a debate over “labor relations in private large-scale industrial...
1. Company Paternalism in the Industrial Saar
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On 24 April 1890, workers of the Wendel coking plant in Hirschbach went on strike in an effort to secure wage increases, changes to the company pension and sickness fund, an eight-hour shift for workers at the blast furnace, and ten-hour shifts for all others. One week later, Dr. Hallwachs, the factory director, signaled his company’s refusal...
2. The Public Sphere and Notable Politics in the “Kingdom of Stumm”
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In an 1891 speech before a gathering of notables celebrating his own twenty-five years of service as mayor, Wilhelm Meyer presented a potted history of his town of Malstatt-Burbach, centering on the development of the Burbach steelworks and the other key factors in the development of the city: namely, the prosperity of the freight...
3. Challenges to Paternalism: The Battle over the Insubordinate Worker from “New Course” Reform to “Stumm Era” Reaction
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The first comprehensive challenges to the “Stumm system” in the Saar were linked to the changing relationship between the state, the public sphere, and the industrial workplace during the 1890s. The decisive moment came when Kaiser Wilhelm II announced a new orientation for state Sozialpolitik. This “New Course” entailed Bismarck’s...
4. Workers’ Associations, the Struggle over Öffentlichkeit, and the Crisis of Paternalism
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The “War between the Patriots” exposed and deepened the fissures within the ruling social coalition and the dominant party-political cartel, but the dramatic expansion of working-class associations and labor organizations after the turn of the century brought the first systematic challenges to paternalist authority in the Saar. During the decade before...
5. The New Managerial Rationality and the Racialization of Industrial Work
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The fundamental reconstitution of Saar public life and the intensifying contestation over the meanings and boundaries of �ffentlichkeit initiated a process of ideological rearticulation that fundamentally transformed the managerial discourses of Saar employers after 1900. The structural interconnections between company paternalism and public authority...
6. Corporatist Discourse and Saar Heavy Industry
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The new bioracial managerial rationality accompanied a wider transformation in the ideological discourse of employers and industrial culture. In a departure from the familial metaphors and representations long associated with the paternalist factory regime, many Saar industrialists began to reimagine work identities and social relations in...
Epilogue: Toward a Genealogy of Fascist Corporatism
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The emergence of corporatist discourse in the Saar was in some ways distinctive to the region, especially in terms of its relatively systematic theoretical elaboration, but it anticipated the general corporatist turn in the politics of German and European industrialists and radical nationalists in subsequent decades. In Germany, it was redeployed...
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Page Count: 296
Illustrations: 1 map
Publication Year: 2009
Series Title: Social History, Popular Culture, and Pol