Increasing State Accountability in East Asia
Publication Year: 2011
Published by: University of Michigan Press
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1 | Introduction
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From 1987 to 1995, South Korea’s democratically elected government built dams along the country’s major rivers and undertook other major public works projects without consulting anyone affected—not the local industrialists, not the local farmers, not even the local governments. As a former...
2 | The Logic of Intrabranch Delegation
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Over the past two decades, many of the world’s fledgling democracies have joined long-standing democracies in implementing administrative procedure laws. Administrative procedural openness is important for democratic consolidation because it reduces arbitrariness and increases predictability in government. It also reduces corruption by increasing bureaucratic...
3 | Deregulation, Bureaucratic Conflict, and Passage of the South Korean Administrative Procedure Act
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The Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) viewed the Korean administrative procedure act (APA) as a tool for enhancing transparency and con‹dence in administration and protecting citizen rights and interests. In essence, the OECD implicitly described APAs as a mechanism for enhancing democratic responsiveness, recognizing-...
4 | Decline of Kuomintang Dominance, Bureaucratic Conflict, and Passage of the Taiwan Administrative Procedure Act
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Citizens’ ability to challenge administrative policies is a crucial aspect of increasing state accountability. Taiwan, like Korea, has instituted such opportunities for its citizens, thereby enhancing the responsiveness of their democratic institutions....
5 | Cleaning House: Administrative Procedures and Patronage Politics in the Philippines
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In chapter 1, I asserted that administrative procedural reform may be an important contributing factor but is not necessarily indispensable for the emergence of responsive democracy. Korea and Taiwan illustrate two cases in which presidents faced delegation problems within the executive branch that caused them to acquiesce to an administrative procedural act...
6 | Sunset Laws and the Acceleration of Regulatory Reform in South Korea
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Since the passage of the 1946 Administrative Procedure Act (APA) in the United States, scholars have sought to understand the rationale for various procedures that executive agencies must follow. How newly elected presidents go about restructuring their bureaucracies can shape not only the development of democracy in general but also the nature and extent of...
7 | Administrative Reform and Public Attitudes toward Democratic Institutions in South Korea, Taiwan, and the Philippines
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Administrative procedure acts (APAs) change the decision-making process within bureaucracies, thereby creating new winners and losers in society. To the extent that average citizens are among the winners, one important indirect effect of APA-like laws seems likely to be enhanced public trust and con‹dence in the civil service, the part of government primarily ...
8 | Transparency, Participation, and Democratic Responsiveness
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Although the twentieth century witnessed the birth of more than 85 democracies, the extent of democratic consolidation across these countries varies greatly (Geddes 1999; Huntington 1991). The U.S. Department of State expresses its commitment to democracy “until all the citizens of the world have the fundamental right to choose those who govern them through an ongoing civil process that includes free, fair, and transparent...
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Page Count: 216
Illustrations: 13 Figures, 20 Tables
Publication Year: 2011