Whispering Truth to Power
Everyday Resistance to Reconciliation in Postgenocide Rwanda
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: University of Wisconsin Press
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Title Page, Copyright
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List of Illustrations
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Preface and Acknowledgments: The Story Behind the Findings
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Writ ing a book was not even on my mind when I began my pro fes sional life. When I im a gined my ca reer back as I was com plet ing my master?s de gree, in 1992, I was dis tracted by Af rica. I was not ready to set tle down in Nova Sco tia, where I had been born and raised, and cer tainly was not keen on the desk jobs my friends were choos ing. I wanted to go abroad and ex pe ri ence a part of the ...
List of Abbreviations
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Note on Kinyarwanda Language Usage and Spelling
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Through out the text, I have used the cur rent spellings for Kinyarwanda- language words, mean ing that I omit dou ble vow els (e.g., ?Tutsi? not ?Tuutsi? and ?Ubu retwa? not ?Ubu reetwa?). In gen eral, Kin yar wanda words are used with their aug ment and pre fix, chang ing only between the sin gu lar and the plu ral (e.g., umu du gudu, sing., ?vil lage,? and imid u gudu, pl., ?vil lages?)....
Introduction: State Power as Lived Experience
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One Sun day after noon in late Sep tem ber 2006, a gen o cide sur vi vor I will call Jeanne came to my res i dence in Huye town in south ern Rwanda.1 Among Rwan dans, elites and or di nary folk alike, Sun day is a day re served for prayer and for vis it ing fam ily and friends. Jeanne had never vis ited me be fore. I knew her well since she had par tic i pated in my re search pro ject, which sought to ...
1. Bringing in Peasant Rwandans through Life History Interviewing
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In stud y ing peas ant Rwan dans as ac tive sub jects, my re search is de signed to allow for in quiry into their past, present, and fu ture. The task is not to pre dict but rather to il lus trate the knowl edge that peas ant Rwan dans pos sess as a re-sult of their lived ex pe ri ences and to sit u ate those in di vid ual re al ities within a broader his tor i cal, cul tural, and in sti tu tional con text. At issue is how state prac-...
2. The Historical Role of the State in Everyday Life
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I don?t under stand why the govern ment is al ways tell ing us to for give those who killed and to rec on cile with those who are not like us. We can de cide who to for give and with whom to rec on cile. Things hap pened here dur ing the gen o cide. But things [vi o lence] hap pened be fore and things have hap pened more and more since the ga caca courts started send ing peo ple ...
3. A Continuum of Violence, 1990 - 2000
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I wanted to go to in gando [re ed u ca tion camp] but was told I couldn?t be cause I was a Twa in 1994. [The of fi cial] said, ?You don?t need re ed u ca tion be cause you are not part of the gen o cide. Your peo ple did not kill or get killed.? I was so angry with him. I lost my [Twa] mother and sis ter, and I even hid some Tutsi in my home. I asked my wife to go out dur ing the kill ing ...
4. Practices of National Unity and Reconciliation
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Our main pri or ities after the gen o cide were to re store peace and se cur ity. We suc cess fully did that, and now the focus is on long-term de vel op ment and the con tin ued pro mo tion of na tional unity. Rwanda will be come the eco nomic hub of the re gion under our pol i cies. As a na tion we can not af ford to con tinue the vi o lence that has shaped Rwan dan his tory all these ...
5. Everyday Resistance to National Unity and Reconciliation
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Jolie and I used to meet al most every Tues day after noon. We would bump into one an other at the kiosk near my res i dence. She some times stopped to buy cook ing oil or matches there on her way home from the mar ket. Some times I would walk home with her so we could spend some pri vate time to gether, shar ing sto ries about our chil dren in par tic u lar and fam ily lin e ages more ...
6. Everyday Resistance to the Gacaca Process
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This chap ter ex am ines one spe cific mech a nism of the pol icy of na tional unity and rec on cil i a tion, the ga caca (ga-cha-cha) courts. The courts are an open-air local-level re trib u tive mech a nism that the govern ment in sti tuted to pros e cute in di vid u als for crimes of gen o cide. The ?mod ern? post gen o cide ver sion of ga caca is loosely based on a tra di tional dispute-resolution mech a nism ...
Conclusion: Explaining Systems of Power through Acts of Everyday Resistance
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This book is a po lit i cal eth nog ra phy of re la tions between state and so ci ety in post gen o cide Rwanda. It chal lenges much of the con ven tional post gen o cide lit er a ture, most of which fo cuses on the be hav ior and prac tices of urban elites, pro vides a top-down per spec tive on the so cio po li ti cal cli mate in con tem po rary Rwanda, and treats the RPF re gime as a uni tary actor in its ef forts to pro mote ...
Appendix: Profiles of Rwandan Life History Participants
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Page Count: 256
Illustrations: 10 b/w illus., 2 maps, 1 table
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: Africa and the Diaspora