Cold War University
Madison and the New Left in the Sixties
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: University of Wisconsin Press
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There are many peo ple who as sisted with and sup ported this pro ject over sev eral years. I would like to thank Tony Mich els and Je remi Suri es pe cially for their long stand ing en cour age ment and for help ing me focus my ideas and writ ing. Many peo ple shared gen er ously in re count ing mem o ries of Mad i son in the 1950s and 1960s, and this pro ject would not have been the same with out ...
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It was a warm spring after noon on May 16, 1966, the day of the first large-scale con fron ta tion between stu dents and ad min is tra tors at the Uni ver sity of Wis con sin in Mad i son. Known af ter ward sim ply as the “draft sit-in,” the con-fron ta tion came on the heels of a failed meet ing between uni ver sity pres i dent Fred Har vey Har ring ton and lead ers of a re cently formed stu dent group, the Com mit tee on the Uni ver sity and the Draft; with Har ring ton de clar ing that he ...
1. Cold War University: Higher Education after World War II
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Stand ing be fore the Uni ver sity of Wisconsin’s grad u at ing class of 1948, Gen eral Omar Brad ley, hero of World War II and a key player in the 1944 in va sion of Nor mandy, spoke with a de ter mined grav ity. That sum mer, there were many rea sons to be pes si mis tic about the fu ture, and the events that had shaken the world over the past sev eral months and years hung heavy in Bradley’s words: “The great pow ers have joined in a strug gle for the hearts and ...
2. “Let the rascal speak” : McCarthyism and Student Political Activity in the Fifties
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When Jef fry Ka plow ar rived at the Uni ver sity of Wis con sin in Sep tem ber 1952, he was a fresh man from Brook lyn, one of sev eral hun dred stu dents from New York at the uni ver sity that year. Like many of those stu dents, he also had an inter est in pol i tics; his mother, a seam stress and Com mu nist Party sym pa thizer, was just one of many rel a tives in volved in one way or an other with the Old Left, the con stel la tion of so cial ist, com mu nist, and other rad i cal ...
3. “A constant struggle with ideas” : Intellectual Community in the Sixties
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As the 1960s dawned, Mad i son was one of a small num ber of places in the coun try where stu dents were strug gling to ward a new left. Though its shape and fu ture di rec tion re mained in choate, young rad i cals were dis il lu sioned with the status quo, skep ti cal of Amer ica’s ag gres sive Cold War pol i cies, and doubt ful about liberals’ com mit ment to civil lib er ties and civil rights. Di rect ac tion would come to dom i nate six ties pol i tics, with young peo ple em pha siz ing ...
4. “I can’t be calm, cool, and detached any longer” : The Beginnings of a Mass Movement
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At the end of the 1950s, Mad i son pos sessed a num ber of fac tors that would be cru cial to the de vel op ment of a pow er ful protest move ment in the next decade: a tra di tion of stu dent rad i cal ism; a rel a tively tol er ant ad min istra tion; a num ber of char is matic and un or tho dox pro fes sors; a cri tique of American pol i tics and foreign pol icy; and a net work of crit i cal stu dent or gan izations. Still, as the 1960s dawned, there was lit tle in di ca tion that “the six ties,” ...
5. “We must stop what we oppose” : Dow
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Dow,” as it came to be known by Mad i son ac ti vists and oth ers, was the cul mi na tion of the par a doxes of Cold War–era higher ed u ca tion at the Uni ver sity of Wis con sin. Blend ing to gether pro tests against the war in Viet nam, the role of cor po ra tions in sup ply ing the American mil i tary, and es pe cially the uni ver sity for its part in the “war ma chine,” the Oc to ber 1967 dem on stra tion against Dow Chem i cal Company’s cam pus inter views shat tered the in creas ingly ...
6. Endings and Beginnings: The New Left in the Late Sixties
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Oc to ber 1967 was a cli max of the ten sions in Cold War–era higher ed u ca tion that had been build ing for more than two decades, but it was hardly the end of the New Left in Mad i son. Pro tests con tin ued to shake the Wis con sin cam pus for the next sev eral years, spurred by the con tin u ing war in Viet nam and the per sis tent cri tique of the university’s ties to the Cold War; at the same time, the move ment, even more than be fore, si mul ta ne ously branched ...
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s t u d ie s i n am e r i c a n th o u g h t Ean d c u l tu r e
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Back to the Land: The En dur ing Dream of Self-Sufficiency in Mod ern Amer icaMar ga ret Fuller: Trans at lan tic Cross ings in a Rev o lu tion ary AgeChan nel ing the Past: Po lit i ciz ing His tory in Post war Amer icaCreat ing the Col lege Man: American Mass Mag a zines and Middle-Class Man hood, Rob ert Koehler’s “The Strike”: The Im prob able Story of an Iconic 1886 Paint ing ...
Page Count: 248
Illustrations: 24 b/w photos
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: Studies in American Thought and Culture