A Guide to Brazilian Studies in the United States
Publication Year: 2005
Envisioning Brazil is a comprehensive and sweeping assessment of Brazilian studies in the United States. Focusing on synthesis and interpretation and assessing trends and perspectives, this reference work provides an overview of the writings on Brazil by United States scholars since 1945.
"The Development of Brazilian Studies in the United States," provides an overview of Brazilian Studies in North American universities. "Perspectives from the Disciplines" surveys the various academic disciplines that cultivate Brazilian studies: Portuguese language studies, Brazilian literature, art, music, history, anthropology, Amazonian ethnology, economics, politics, and sociology. "Counterpoints: Brazilian Studies in Britain and France" places the contributions of U.S. scholars in an international perspective. "Bibliographic and Reference Sources" offers a chronology of key publications, an essay on the impact of the digital age on Brazilian sources, and a selective bibliography.
Published by: University of Wisconsin Press
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Title Page, Copyright
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Brazilian Studies in the United States: A Project in Development 16. Brasiliana in the United States: Reference Sources and Documents ...
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Even before I came to Washington as the Brazilian ambassador to the United States in June 1999, I had already decided to build and maintain a strong working relationship with the academic community in the United States. I saw this not only as an opportunity to create new momentum for Brazilian studies in the United States but also as a way of expanding the ...
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This edited volume emerged from an idea put forth by Ambassador Rubens Barbosa shortly after his arrival in Washington, D.C., in October 1999. The ambassador convened a meeting at the Brazilian embassy of Brazilianists from academic institutions across the United to discuss ways to promote Brazilian studies here, among them this book. Shortly there ...
PART 1The Development of Brazilian Studiesin the United States
CHAPTER 1Trends, Perspectives, and Prospects
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The foreign student of subjects related to Brazil, usually called a "Brazil ianist," was an essential part of the process leading to the emergence and affirmation of the social sciences in Brazil in the second half of the twen tieth century. Although a contemporary figure, she has been for all intents a much older and continuous presence throughout the country's history. ...
CHAPTER 2Research on Brazil in theUnited States
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Few Americans knew much about Brazil before the mid-nineteenth cen tury. The first scientific expedition to the Amazon was undertaken in 1736 by the French Academy of Sciences, which was seeking to test Newton's theories about the size and shape of the earth. Naturalists Alexander von Humboldt and Aime Bonpland explored the Amazon in 1799, but neither ...
CHAPTER 3Teaching Brazil inu.s. Universities
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This essay discusses the teaching of Brazil in institutions of higher learn ing in the United States, primarily within the context of Latin American Studies programs. It consists of an overview that attempts to draw general conclusions about these programs and suggest areas for further discussion within the academy, in particular, the role of key scholars in the efforts to ...
PART 2Perspectives fromthe Disciplines
CHAPTER 4Brazilian Portuguese Languageand Linguistics
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The study of Portuguese language in the United States dates to the 1650S. For three and a half centuries, scholars have struggled to establish the dis cipline within the academic community. Nevertheless, it would be fair to say that through the ups and downs in interest in Brazil and attention paid to it and to the rest of the Lusophone world, Portuguese-language study ...
CHAPTER 5Literature, Culture, andCivilization
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The study of Brazilian literature and culture in the United States today represents the convergence and interrelationship of diverse historical cur rents related to u.s. interest in Brazil. These include but are not limited to (1) the work of pioneers in Portuguese language and philology and the literature of Portugal; (2) early writings by missionaries, travelers, and ...
CHAPTER 6Arts and Music
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Initially, the interest in Brazilian visual arts came from scholars in the United States in a wide variety of fields of study. It was only after 1960, however, that a broader interest emerged and an overview was produced. As had already occurred with ethnomusicology, the ethnologists were among the first U.S. scholars to show an interest in Brazilian Indian art ...
CHAPTER 7Brazilian Historyin the United States
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To evaluate a half-century of Brazilianist historical scholarship is both easier and more difficult than it seems. In the United States, the number of scholars who have written dissertations on Brazilian history in the twentieth century has been comparatively few. Historians of Brazil based in the United States do not have independent scholarly associations or ...
CHAPTER 8Anthropology of Amazonia
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The Amazon basin of Brazil and the peoples who inhabit it have long interested scholars. In 1950 the field of cultural anthropology, a com parative approach to the study of culture, was new to North American academe. Since that time, the anthropology of the Brazilian Amazon by U.S. scholars has both reflected and shaped the discipline of anthropol ...
CHAPTER 9The Brazilian Economic Systemthrough u.S. Lenses
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Since 1945 the number of U.S. economists who have concentrated on the study of Brazil has been relatively small, even in periods when develop ment economics was a popular field and area studies were getting sub stantial financial support from U.S. foundations and government agencies (such as the U.S. Agency for International Development). Many economists ...
CHAPTER 10Political Science and Sociology
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Social science research by U.S. scholars on Brazil dates to the end of the nineteenth century but barely began to develop as an academic enterprise in the 1940S and 1950S. 1 Along with all of Latin American studies, schol arship in political science and sociology experienced a tremendous boom in the 1960s. By the 1970S, a substantial group of political scientists and ...
CHAPTER 11International Relations
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In the new millennium, there seems to be a growing awareness that Brazil is playing a larger role in the international arena. In mid-2000, as Brazil prepared to host the first -ever meeting of South American heads of state, the New York Times noted that Brazil was becoming increasingly assertive on the world stage (Rohter 2000). In 2001, a book entitled Brazil's Second ...
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A large number of Brazil-focused geographical studies have been pro duced by Anglo-American scholars since 1945.1 While these studies have contributed significantly to our knowledge of Brazil, describing this body of scholarship presents several unique challenges. Some are linked directly to the discipline itself, such as the broad differences in definition of the ...
PART 3Counterpoints: Brazilian Studiesin Britain and France
CHAPTER 13The British Contribution to theStudy of Brazil
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This chapter on the British contribution to the study of Brazil begins with a survey of the (relatively few) firsthand descriptions of Brazil under Portuguese colonial rule written by British (and Irish) visitors from the middle of the sixteenth century to the first decade of the nineteenth century. 1 The survey ends with the first comprehensive history of colonial ...
CHAPTER 14Comparative Development of the Study ofBrazil in the United States and France
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It became commonplace at the end of the twentieth century to observe in international studies and relations that the United States had emerged as the world's only superpower. The United States had defeated its great military and ideological nemesis, the Soviet Union. Rarely observed and hardly considered, however, was that several decades earlier the United ...
PART 4Bibliographic andReference Sources
CHAPTER 15A Chronology of U.S.-Brazil Relationsand Academic Publications, 1945-2003
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...1946 • First signs of the Cold War: • Smith, T. Lynn, Brazil, People and warns that an "iron curtain" is • Freyre, Gilberto, The Masters and Dutra, whose government will • President Truman signs Fulbright 1947 • Independence of India and • Hill, Lawrence F., ed. Brazil. Pakistan; decolonization in the • Tavares de Sa, Hernane, The ...
CHAPTER 16Brasiliana in the United States:Reference Sources and Documents
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Many reference sources about Brazil were published in the United States in the twentieth century,l beginning with a few books and pamphlets early in the period and gaining steady momentum as Brazilian studies devel oped and expanded. Most were produced by university professors and other scholars focusing on Brazil from the viewpoint of various academic ...
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...ences and has been a Brazilian career diplomat since 1977. He served as minister-counselor at the Brazilian embassy in Washington, D.c. (1999-2003), and is on assignment at the Strategic Issues Group of the presi dency, in Brasilia. His research interests are Brazil's economic history and international economic relations. He is the author of, among other ...
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Brannstrom, Christian, 329, 330, 334, Bunker, Stephen, 275, 282 ...
Page Count: 532
Publication Year: 2005