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Envisioning Brazil

A Guide to Brazilian Studies in the United States

Edited by Marshall C. Eakin and Paulo Roberto de Almeida

Publication Year: 2005

    Envisioning Brazil is a comprehensive and sweeping assessment of Brazilian studies in the United States. Focusing on synthesis and interpretation and assessing trends and perspectives, this reference work provides an overview of the writings on Brazil by United States scholars since 1945.
    "The Development of Brazilian Studies in the United States," provides an overview of Brazilian Studies in North American universities. "Perspectives from the Disciplines" surveys the various academic disciplines that cultivate Brazilian studies: Portuguese language studies, Brazilian literature, art, music, history, anthropology, Amazonian ethnology, economics, politics, and sociology. "Counterpoints: Brazilian Studies in Britain and France" places the contributions of U.S. scholars in an international perspective. "Bibliographic and Reference Sources" offers a chronology of key publications, an essay on the impact of the digital age on Brazilian sources, and a selective bibliography.

Published by: University of Wisconsin Press

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. 2-7

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Preface

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pp. ix-xii

Even before I came to Washington as the Brazilian ambassador to the United States in June 1999, I had already decided to build and maintain a strong working relationship with the academic community in the United States. I saw this not only as an opportunity to create new momentum for Brazilian studies in the United States ...

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Introduction

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pp. xiii-xvi

This edited volume emerged from an idea put forth by Ambassador Rubens Barbosa shortly after his arrival in Washington, D.C., in October 1999. The ambassador convened a meeting at the Brazilian embassy of Brazilianists from academic institutions across the United to discuss ways to promote Brazilian studies here, among them this book. ...

Part 1: The Development of Brazilian Studies in the United States

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Chapter 1. Trends, Perspectives, and Prospects

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pp. 3-29

The foreign student of subjects related to Brazil, usually called a "Brazilianist," was an essential part of the process leading to the emergence and affirmation of the social sciences in Brazil in the second half of the twentieth century. Although a contemporary figure, she has been for all intents a much older and continuous presence throughout the country's history. ...

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Chapter 2. Research on Brazil in the United States

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pp. 30-51

Few Americans knew much about Brazil before the mid-nineteenth century. The first scientific expedition to the Amazon was undertaken in 1736 by the French Academy of Sciences, which was seeking to test Newton's theories about the size and shape of the earth. ...

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Chapter 3. Teaching Brazil in U.S. Universities

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pp. 52-70

This essay discusses the teaching of Brazil in institutions of higher learning in the United States, primarily within the context of Latin American Studies programs. It consists of an overview that attempts to draw general conclusions about these programs and suggest areas for further discussion within the academy, ...

Part 2: Perspectives from the Disciplines

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Chapter 4. Brazilian Portuguese Language and Linguistics

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pp. 73-92

The study of Portuguese language in the United States dates to the 1650s. For three and a half centuries, scholars have struggled to establish the discipline within the academic community. Nevertheless, it would be fair to say that through the ups and downs in interest in Brazil and attention paid to it and to the rest of the Lusophone world, ...

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Chapter 5. Literature, Culture, and Civilization

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pp. 93-132

The study of Brazilian literature and culture in the United States today represents the convergence and interrelationship of diverse historical currents related to U.S. interest in Brazil. These include but are not limited to (1) the work of pioneers in Portuguese language and philology and the literature of Portugal; ...

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Chapter 6. Arts and Music

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pp. 133-161

Initially, the interest in Brazilian visual arts came from scholars in the United States in a wide variety of fields of study. It was only after 1960, however, that a broader interest emerged and an overview was produced. As had already occurred with ethnomusicology, the ethnologists were among the first U.S. scholars to show an interest in Brazilian Indian art ...

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Chapter 7. Brazilian History in the United States

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pp. 162-202

To evaluate a half-century of Brazilianist historical scholarship is both easier and more difficult than it seems. In the United States, the number of scholars who have written dissertations on Brazilian history in the twentieth century has been comparatively few. ...

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Chapter 8. Anthropology of Amazonia

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pp. 203-240

The Amazon basin of Brazil and the peoples who inhabit it have long interested scholars. In 1950 the field of cultural anthropology, a comparative approach to the study of culture, was new to North American academe. ...

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Chapter 9. The Brazilian Economic System through U.S. Lenses

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pp. 241-263

Since 1945 the number of U.S. economists who have concentrated on the study of Brazil has been relatively small, even in periods when development economics was a popular field and area studies were getting substantial financial support from U.S. foundations and government agencies (such as the U.S. Agency for International Development). ...

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Chapter 10. Political Science and Sociology

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pp. 264-287

Social science research by U.S. scholars on Brazil dates to the end of the nineteenth century but barely began to develop as an academic enterprise in the 1940s and 1950s.1 Along with all of Latin American studies, scholarship in political science and sociology experienced a tremendous boom in the 1960s. ...

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Chapter 11. International Relations

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pp. 288-308

In the new millennium, there seems to be a growing awareness that Brazil is playing a larger role in the international arena. In mid-2000, as Brazil prepared to host the first-ever meeting of South American heads of state, the New York Times noted that Brazil was becoming increasingly assertive on the world stage (Rohter 2000). ...

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Chapter 12. Geography

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pp. 309-344

A large number of Brazil-focused geographical studies have been produced by Anglo-American scholars since 1945.1 While these studies have contributed significantly to our knowledge of Brazil, describing this body of scholarship presents several unique challenges. ...

Part 3: Counterpoints: Brazilian Studies in Britain and France

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Chapter 13. The British Contribution to the Study of Brazil

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pp. 347-374

This chapter on the British contribution to the study of Brazil begins with a survey of the (relatively few) firsthand descriptions of Brazil under Portuguese colonial rule written by British (and Irish) visitors from the middle of the sixteenth century to the first decade of the nineteenth century.1 ...

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Chapter 14. Comparative Development of the Study of Brazil in the United States and France

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pp. 375-396

It became commonplace at the end of the twentieth century to observe in international studies and relations that the United States had emerged as the world's only superpower. The United States had defeated its great military and ideological nemesis, the Soviet Union. ...

Part 4: Bibliographic and Reference Sources

Chapter 15. A Chronology of U.S.-Brazil Relations and Academic Publications, 1945-2003

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pp. 399-423

Chapter 16. Brasiliana in the United States: Reference Sources and Documents

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pp. 424-459

Chapter 17. Selective Bibliography and Chronology

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pp. 460-484

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Notes on Contributors

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pp. 485-490

Paulo Roberto De Almeida has a doctoral degree in social sciences and has been a Brazilian career diplomat since 1977. He served as minister-counselor at the Brazilian embassy in Washington, D.c. (1999- 2003), and is on assignment at the Strategic Issues Group of the presidency, in Brasilia. ...

Index

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pp. 491-515


E-ISBN-13: 9780299207731
Print-ISBN-13: 9780299207748

Page Count: 532
Publication Year: 2005

Research Areas

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Subject Headings

  • Universities and colleges -- Curricula -- United States.
  • Brazil -- Study and teaching (Higher) -- United States.
  • Brazil -- Study and teaching (Higher) -- Great Britain.
  • Brazil -- Study and teaching (Higher) -- France.
  • Brazil -- Bibliography.
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