Pathways of Memory and Power
Ethnography and History among an Andean People
Publication Year: 2098
Published by: University of Wisconsin Press
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Title Page, Copyright
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Like peoples and the writings we call histories, scholarly projects also have a past. The research that gave rise to this book, for example, did not start out as a study that could have produced the information and arguments I now advance. A brief survey of the transmutations that led from graduate...
1. Introduction: From Ritual to History and Back Again, Trajectories in Research and Theory
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Around the year 1520 (a year in which the commoners of Castile's towns rose up against Charles V and burdensome aristocrats and, in the Caribbean, Cortes pursued his conquest of Mexico), the following story unfolded: An Aymara mallku named Inca Colque, hereditary lord of the...
Part One. An Ethnographic Pastorale: Introduction to K'ulta and the Local Sources of History
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2. Journeys to Cultural Frontiers
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In June of 1979, some six months after arriving in Bolivia, I set off from La Paz with my wife and fieldwork companion, Mary Dillon, on a journey to a small rural town. My destination in that journey from La Paz was Santa Barbara de Culta, a small and out-of-the-way town, to...
3. The Dialogical Politics of Ethnographic Fieldwork
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Where the highway winds east from Cruce, it drops a bit and almost immediately enters a broad pampa. One can see several hamlets nestled in sheltered spots in the foothills around the plain. The settlement that I reached on my way to Santa Barbara was a hamlet on the road,...
4. Structures and Histories: K'ulta between Gods and State
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It is today almost a commonplace in ethnographies such as this to dwell on the imbalance of power in the ethnographic situation. With research permissions, ties to the Bolivian government (in permissions and affiliations), U.S. passport, money, and valuable goods, I was in a relative...
Part Two. Historical Paths to K'ulta: An Andean Social Formation from Preinvasion Autonomy to Postrevolution Atomization
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5. Pathways of Historical Colonization: Stories of an Andean Past from the Archives of Letters and Landscapes
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One of my purposes in this chapter is to plumb the Spanish documentary social memory of archives and chronicles for what they might tell us about K'ulta's past.* At the same time, however, I aim to sketch what forms social memory has taken in the Andes. I do so, at least, to the limited...
6. Colonial Relandscaping of Andean Social Memory
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Both Spaniards and Andeans may have likened Tunupa or Viracocha to a Christian apostle, but neither was completely reducible to Santo Tomas or San Bartolome. As long as the full range of significance of the stories about European apostles and Andean creator deities remained inaccessible...
Part Three. Social Memory in K'ulta: A Landscape Poetics of Narrative, Drink, and Saints' Festivals
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7. Telling and Drinking the Paths of Memory: Narrative and Libation Poetics as Historical Consciousness
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In part 2, I traced the outlines of a history that, since it is drawn from writings emanating from and addressing non-K'ulta frames of reference, we might call a history of K'ulta but not a K'ulta history. I have sought to illustrate the profound impact of colonial policies and of incorporation...
8. Living on Tatala's Path: Uses of the Past in Sacrifice and Antisacrifice, Saints' Festivals, and Sorceries
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In the previous chapter we saw that the forms of houses and hamlets and constructed architectural spaces are built from the stuff of meaningful social activity. As gendered persons and social groups like patrilines construe themselves in alignment with Tatala's path through the heavens...
9. Conclusion: Ethnography and History of Social Memory and Amnesia
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I have sought in this book to bring about a cohabitation (if not a marriage) of historical and ethnographic sources and methods, so as to write a history of K'ulta and also account for K'ultas' history. Using the concept of social memory, I have also aimed to question tacit assumptions...
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Page Count: 632
Illustrations: 41 figures, 20 photos
Publication Year: 2098