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Volksgeist as Method and Ethic

Essays on Boasian Ethnography and the German Anthropological Tradition

Edited by George W. Stocking, Jr.

Publication Year: 1996

Franz Boas, the major founding figure of anthropology as a discipline in the United States, came to America from Germany in 1886. This volume in the highly acclaimed History of Anthropology series is the first extensive scholarly exploration of Boas' roots in the German intellectual tradition and late nineteenth-century German anthropology, and offers a new perspective on the historical development of ethnography in the United States.

Published by: University of Wisconsin Press

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Boasian Ethnography and the German Anthropological Tradition

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pp. 3-8

This volume of HOA has been long in realization. It began with a title, recollected from a colleague's anecdote about a student who had misunderstood a lecturer's reference to the fin-de-si

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The Study of Geography

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pp. 9-16

It is a remarkable fact, that, in the recent literature of geography, researches on the method and limits of that science occupy a prominent place.1 Almost every distinguished geographer has felt the necessity of expressing his views on its aim and scope, and of defending it from being disintegrated and swallowed ...

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Franz Boas and the Humboldtian Tradition: From Volksgeist and Nationalcharakter to an Anthropological Concept of Culture

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pp. 17-78

In 1887, the year Franz Boas settled permanently in the United States, he published an article on "The Study of Geography." More than fifty years later, he included the essay, along with "The Aims of Ethnology," written in 1888, in the collection Race, Language and Culture, because the two pieces indicated "the general attitude underlying ...

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From Virchow to Fischer: Physical Anthropology and "Modern Race Theories" in Wilhelmine Germany

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pp. 79-154

In 1900, Houston Stewart Chamberlain, the most famous racist writer of his time, complained bitterly that at a recent German anthropological congress, "under the pontificate of Virchow and the curacy of Kollmann" -two leading German craniologists who preached "the dogma [that] 'all men are equally gifted' "-science had "gone obviously insane." By "extolling hotchpotch of ...

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German Culture and German Science in the Bildung of Franz Boas

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pp. 155-184

The last entry in Franz Boas' compendium of his life's work, Race, Language and Culture (1940) is "The Study of Geography" (1887) -a peculiar but none theless well-marked place for an essay seminal to Boas' anthropological and scientific point of view. This is not, however, a seminal work in the sense of laying out a research strategy ...

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The Ethnographic Object and the Object of Ethnology in the Early Career of Franz Boas

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pp. 185-

In early 1887, a twenty-nine-year-old, relatively inexperienced anthropologist chose the pages of Science to launch an attack on the establishment of American anthropology. Returning from his first field trip to the Northwest Coast, Franz Boas had stopped in at the United States National Museum to study the Eskimo and Northwest ...

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"The Culture as It Appears to the Indian Himself": Boas, George Hunt, and the Methods of Ethnography

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pp. 215-256

Franz Boas published voluminously on the subject of his primary ethnographic interest, the people he called the "Kwakiutl."1 Most of his publications, however, are not what is now thought of as traditional ethnography. Nearly four thousand pages, about four-fifths of the total, consist of translated but unannotated Kwak'wala-language ...

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"The Little History of Pitiful Events": The Epistemological and Moral Contexts of Kroeber's Californian Ethnology

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pp. 257-297

There is a remarkable set of photographs, made in 1915, showing the last known "Yahi Indian," the man called "Ishi," standing with four anthropologists of varying degrees of eminence (in Damell1990, following p. 172). The most powerful of these pictures shows Ishi posed between a debonair Paul Radin and an "impulsive" Thomas Talbot ...

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Orientalism as Kulturpolitik: German Archeology and Cultural Imperialism in Asia Minor

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pp. 298-336

Despite his deft evisceration of the constitution promulgated at the time of his accession in 1876, Sultan Abdul Hamid II was not destined to enjoy his autocratic reign in peace. In the 1870s and 1880s, a series of humiliating financial and diplomatic setbacks debilitated the Ottoman ruler, who had hoped to centralize and consolidate his ...

Index

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pp. 337-349


E-ISBN-13: 9780299145538
Print-ISBN-13: 9780299145545

Publication Year: 1996