Healing and Society in Medieval England
A Middle English Translation of the Pharmaceutical Writings of Gilbertus Anglicus
Publication Year: 2091
Originally composed in Latin by Gilbertus Anglicus (Gilbert the Englishman), his Compendium of Medicine was a primary text of the medical revolution in thirteenth-century Europe. Composed mainly of medicinal recipes, it offered advice on diagnosis, medicinal preparation, and prognosis. In the fifteenth-century it was translated into Middle English to accommodate a widening audience for learning and medical “secrets.”
Faye Marie Getz provides a critical edition of the Middle English text, with an extensive introduction to the learned, practical, and social components of medieval medicine and a summary of the text in modern English. Getz also draws on both the Latin and Middle English texts to create an extensive glossary of little-known Middle English pharmaceutical and medical vocabulary.
Published by: University of Wisconsin Press
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Title Page, Copyright Page
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...translation of the Latin practice of medicine found in Compendium medicinae, written before about 1250 by Gilbertus Anglicus, England's first notable medical writer. The fact that a scholastic medical text was demonstrates an audience for learned medicine outside the walls of the university. Over a dozen witnesses to the text have been located. All are ...
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...part of medicinal recipes, grouped according to the diseases for which they were useful. These recipes in turn were arranged roughly from the head downward, with the text divided into chapters that are introduced by simple guides for diagnosis. The text also defined for its readers many Latin medical terms. The Gilbertus translation shares material ...
The Middle English Gilbertus Angelicus from Wellcome MS 537
I. The Head
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...f. 48 / superfluites, and moche slepe, and moche dulnes of witte. 1 First page of this section missing. See Commentary. 2 come}J) prec. by per underd. 20 half e) ins. above. 21 grounded) corr. from 3 wise] ins. above. 7 ache be] CO". from ake. to sei] ins. above. 11 elern] CO". from eldern. 14 his] CO". from pe. 16leIJer] prec. by ...
II. The Eyes
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...f.75v And whan pe liddes ben y-elosid, pei felen mo/che sharpenes 2 viii] corr. from sixe. practises] practies. 4 6-line initial in gold. 7 sange-dragon] savge. dragon. 9 eche]prec. by bope cane. in red. 13 epityme, polipodium] opipolipum. Other witnesses epipolipum, f. 77v lynen / clope to py forehede, for it dissoluep pe flevrne, ...
III. The Eyelids and Lashes
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...f. 104v 20 take pe ius of meUilot and a litil of pe poudre of / an 2 1/2}prec. by ii canc. 5-6 Here ... title.] in I. h. margin. 72-line initial in gold. 191>e] ins. above. 23 ta-lfollowed by poudir of a reed f.105 pulle hem oute, and wete a nedlis po/ynt in lye and aftir 10 pe heris, robbe hem weI with peritorye leves til pey bleden, ...
IV. The Ears
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...4-5 Here ... practises.] in bottom margin. 62-line initial in gold. [145v] be of pe brayo, pe foreheed is pale and heuy and ake}:> a f. 107 litil. And if it comep of / pe stomake, pen }:>e stomake is 10 And comenly }:>e ache of pe eeris come}:> not of coold, but if greuous withinfor}:>. And if }:>e postern be outeward, }:>en }:>e ...
V. The Nose
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...f. 120 ere y-med/lid with pe fatnes of an eel. per-as defnes is canc. in red. 17-18 Here ... practiues.] in bottom margin. 192-line  pose engendrid, for pat humour stoppep pe ouer-parte of pe [151v] And aIle metis and drinkes pat he takep muste be hote. And revrne also be war of moche li3t, and moche smoke. And be war of ...
VI. The Mouth
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...19-20 in bottom margin. 20 practises] practies. 214-line initial in f. 130 10 y-brent. For deving of pe lip/pis or of pe tunge and for f. l30v Also for deving of pe lippis and of / tittis, melte wex, f. 131 stomake; oper /whilis it comep of pe li3te. If it comep of 102-line initial in blue. }>e] ins. above. 15}>e (1)] CO". from py. ...
VII. The Teeth
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...f. 133 his te/ep with pe poudir of hertis horne y-brent. And if 19-20 in bottom margin. 20 practises] practes; eo". from prates to practes. 21 4-line initial in gold. 23 hede] pree. by stomake of f. 134 hardenes and litil swelling with pe ache. And / so if pe 10 }Jer] pat. 14 swarte]prec. by harde canc. in red. lJe]prec. by ...
VIII. The Tongue and Throat
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...1 also] CO". from perfore. 2 kepen] prec. by for pe canc. in red. 8 iiO titUs] CO". from 00 iio chaptres.9 5-line initialin gold. A] I. a cued in margin. 12 indisposid] prec. by v canc. in red. 15 tonge] ins. f. 140 15 de in cleuing of pe lippis hou pe bleines of pe moop shulde 5 y-cancrid] corr. from cancrid. 6 and] ins. above. 7 him] in I. h. ...
IX. The Upper Chest
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...2}>is] in r. h. margin. 5 dragagantum] dragantum. 12 let] in I. h. f. 147v 10 sum oper place, or defaute of blood-Iet/ting in suche f. 149 be stufen ouer warme watir pat puliol monjteyn and roses Unguentum 5 and pe prote-bolle with deute, eipir with marciaton, 14 calamynt] prec. by oz. iii of canel canc. in red. 22 rougbe] prec. ...
X. The Lungs
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...f. 162v periplemonie, but per is / an-oper posteme of pe mydrif and 17-18 in bottom margin. 18 practises] practes. 19 5-line initial in [189v] grettir in heruest pen in wintir. And in olde men per is f.164v blode, pes ben pe tokenes: re/dines of pe visage, fulnes 15 is] ins. above. 16 aforseide] CO". from forseide. 16-17 special ...
XI. The Heart
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...f. 184v esy. But / what maner feuer euer it be, it makep a man to 5 iio titles] corr. from oon chaptir. 64-line initial in gold. 12 maner] in r. h. margin. 18-19 and breki}l ... withoutenfor}l] in I. h. f. 185v as men / doon for grete colde. And whan it is of colere, 12 not] ins. above. slepe] corr. from sleple. 22 him] prec. by it ...
XII. The Stomach
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...f.194 5 And if pis greuaunce comep of moche beyng in pe sunne, or 12 In the margins off. 221 the scribe has written Aftir trey stonding pis chaptir shulde stonde nexte aftir pe title of sincopis, and nexte pis: pe chaptir of pe guttis. And aftir pat, pe chaptir of pe lyuer, and aftir pat pe chaptir of pe spleen, and pen pe chaptir of pe reines, and ...
XIII. The Guts
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...f. 254v eipir of a cold pat a / man hap y-cau3t on his wombe eipir f. 255 maner of dissenterie, per / passip from a man hool gobetis 1 neisshe] CO". from nesshe. 15 oute] prec. by it cane. in red. f. 255v tis, }len}le greuaunce is aboute }le nauel, sumwhat aboue and 15 Ne}leles, of colere, }le drit mai be in two maneris y-colorid, ...
XIV. The Liver
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...f.195 ful hi3e colour, I with moche spume. And he felip a smert 4 medicin] ins. above. 5 See above p. 153, note to line 12. xiv] xiii. 6 practises] practies. 7 4-line initial in gold. 12 drienes] CO". from f. 195v mete; and al his body wexip heuy, and namely aftir mete. f. 196 of moistnes ben swelling of pe visage; Ii/til pirste; pe ...
XV. The Spleen
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...3 diaanisum] dianisum. 6 an-oller] CO". from oller. 13 is] ins. above. 19 xv] xiii. 20 chaptir] CO". from captir. 214-line initial in [261v] white, and pyn, and e1eer, eipir-ellis swarte 3elewe, eipir 10 vndir pe lifte side, and moche hardnes peras pe spleen Iiep. f. 211 v with muscilages. And pe bodi is discolourid and a / pale ...
XVI. The Kidneys
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...f. 276 pes humours: / with blood, eipir coler, eipir fleume; with 4 and] CO". from as. 9 xvi}le] xvpe. 10 practises] practies. 115-f. 276v pe vrin and smale white predis. Tokenes of / malencoli ben, f. 277 20 strictories pat mown staunche pe flowing. / And if pis f. 277v 10 cologoge. And sip ma/ke him a stufe eipir a bap of cold ...
XVII. The Bladder
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...[?] pe kirnels of chiry stones and of plumb stones, and pe seed f. 285 per ben diuerse greuaunj cis. Don is y-clepid stranguria, 9 lJe (2)] ins. above. 10 The scribe neglected to introduce a new f. 285v of pe vrin. Eipirwhilis, it comep of a colde fleumatike 30338 sekenes; L: nervos. 3 discolourid] carr. from discolorid. 5 y ...
XVIII. The Penis
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...4 aisshe] CO". from asshe. 9 baies] followed by and al pe kernel canc. in red. 12 daies] ins. above. 15 xviii] CO". from xviiii. 16 prac tises] practies. 17 3-line initial in gold. 21 stones] prec. by 3erde f. 300v watir or ny3 cold, pat / saleyn leues ben y-soden yn, and f. 301 20 his wil, and pis / is of plente of blood, eipir of palesie ...
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... pe brusing is olde, make a plastir of benes, and of comyn, f. 305v 15 sepe hem / in vinegre and ley perto. And if pe place is 9 wexil>] wexix. 9-10 I>e cod] prec. by pe canc. in red. 13 brusing] f. 306 pe blood may not haue / his issu as it shuld haue, it turnep 15 rennep fro a man is reed, and cleer, and hoot in pe flowing. ...
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...30/24-31/4 Blacke soope. These lines are not in L. Add 30338 gives an 51/1 This part appears to have been influenced by a source other 53/24-54/3 This recipe is not found in other witnesses. However, see frigiditate, aut ex humiditate, aut debilitate contentive" (ff. the heart to diffuse "pe spirit of lif ... to pe vttir parties of ...
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Alphabetical List of Plants by Genus
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Page Count: 456
Publication Year: 2091
Series Title: History of Science and Medicine