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Healing and Society in Medieval England

A Middle English Translation of the Pharmaceutical Writings of Gilbertus Anglicus

Faye M. Getz

Publication Year: 1991

Originally composed in Latin by Gilbertus Anglicus (Gilbert the Englishman), his Compendium of Medicine was a primary text of the medical revolution in thirteenth-century Europe. Composed mainly of medicinal recipes, it offered advice on diagnosis, medicinal preparation, and prognosis. In the fifteenth-century it was translated into Middle English to accommodate a widening audience for learning and medical “secrets.”
    Faye Marie Getz provides a critical edition of the Middle English text, with an extensive introduction to the learned, practical, and social components of medieval medicine and a summary of the text in modern English. Getz also draws on both the Latin and Middle English texts to create an extensive glossary of little-known Middle English pharmaceutical and medical vocabulary.

Published by: University of Wisconsin Press

Title Page, Copyright Page

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pp. 2-7

Contents

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pp. vii-11

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Preface

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pp. xi-xiv

The Middle English Gilbertus Anglicus is a fifteenth century translation of the Latin practice of medicine found in Compendium medicinae, written before about 1250 by Gilbertus Anglicus, England's first notable medical writer. The fact that a scholastic medical text was translated from its original Latin into the English vernacular demonstrates an audience for learned medicine outside the walls of the university. Over a dozen...

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Introduction

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pp. xv-lxxiv

...part of medicinal recipes, grouped according to the diseases for which they were useful. These recipes in turn were arranged roughly from the head downward, with the text divided into chapters that are introduced by simple guides for diagnosis. The text also defined for its readers many Latin medical terms. The Gilbertus translation shares material ...

The Middle English Gilbertus Angelicus from Wellcome MS 537

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I. The Head

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pp. 1-31

The Middle English Gilbertus Anglicus is a fifteenth century translation of the Latin practice of medicine found in Compendium medicinae, written before about 1250 by Gilbertus Anglicus, England's first notable medical writer. The fact that a scholastic medical text was translated from its original Latin into the English vernacular demonstrates an audience for learned medicine outside the walls of the university. Over a dozen

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II. The Eyes

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pp. 32-62

obtolmye, webbis and elopes also pat goip ouer pe i3e and lettep a man to see, and hardnes of pe i3e, 10 and cankir of pe i3e. Fro withoute, pe i3en ben y-greued by loking of pe sunne or on a ful-whiyt ping, also by smoke, duste pat fallip into...

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III. The Eyelids and Lashes

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pp. 62-64

Pymples and postemes ben opirwhiles of viscouse mater y-gaderid togedre in a litil skyn, opirwhiles in pe maner of scabbes, opirwhiles in pe maner of stoones. If it be in pe first maner, it may be helid with a piastre aftir 15 pe quantite of pe pimple, y-made...

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IV. The Ears

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pp. 64-78

grete coolde, or of sum-ping pat is y-fallen into pe eeris, or of sum corrupt humour pat is in pe eeris. And if it comep of sum corrupt humour, pen per is moche heuynes in pe eere, and nameli if...

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V. The Nose

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pp. 78-87

In a man-is nose per ben meny greuauncis, as pe pose, f.12Ov 20 stynche of pe nose-pirles, and flowing of blode at pe nose; and withouten, per is a greuaunce y-depid gutta rosacea. Oper greuauncis per ben also / of pe nose, as cancre, and flesshe pat stoppep pe nosepirles...

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VI. The Mouth

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pp. 87-91

...19-20 in bottom margin. 20 practises] practies. 214-line initial in f. 130 10 y-brent. For deving of pe lip/pis or of pe tunge and for f. l30v Also for deving of pe lippis and of / tittis, melte wex, f. 131 stomake; oper /whilis it comep of pe li3te. If it comep of 102-line initial in blue. }>e] ins. above. 15}>e (1)] CO". from py. ...

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VII. The Teeth

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pp. 91-97

In a mannes teep ben diuerse greuauncis: ache, wormes, stynking, rotenes. Ache comep in diuerse maneris: Operwhilis, it comep of pe hede and of pe humour of pe heed pat fallep doun into pe teep, and pan comenli pe ouer...

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VIII. The Tongue and Throat

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pp. 97-105

A man-is tonge hap two serUlClS. Oon is to taast with 10 a mannes metis and drinkis; anopir is to speke. And poroughe diuerse greuauncis pat comen of corrupte humours, a mannes tunge is operwhiles indisposid, pat a man may neipir speke ne taast. Greuauncis of pe tunge ben postemes, and bledders,...

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IX. The Upper Chest

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pp. 105-120

Here beginnep pe jxe chaptre and it IS deuidid 20 in pre titles or pract[is]es. [183] Hosnes comep in iio maneris: Oon is of humours f. 147 pat been in pe vessellis pat ben / cause of pe voice, pat is to sey, in pe li3te, or in pe breest, or in pe prote-bolle. Operwhilis, it comep...

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X. The Lungs

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pp. 120-143

Here beginnep pe x chaptir pat contenep v titlis or pract[is]es. In a mannes li3te per ben meny greuaunces, as 20 postomes, and gadering togedir of corrup humours poughe per [189v] ben no postern. The postern of pe li3te is y-elepid f. 162v periplemonie, but per is / an-oper...

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XI. The Heart

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pp. 143-153

Here beginnep pe xi chaptir of pis boke, and conteynep 5 but iio titles. A man-is herte, pat is pe principal membre of a mannes body, hap a sikenes pat is clepid pe cardiacle. [199] And pat may be on iio maneris: Oon is of humours pat ben enclosid withyn pe vttir skynnes of pe herte, and 10 po maken pe herte...

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XII. The Stomach

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pp. 153-190

Here begynnep pe xiii chaptir of pis boke pat conteinep viii titles or practi[se]s. In a mannes guttis per ben meny sikenessis: pe flux, and anopir greuaunce pat is clepid collica passio, and wormes ben y-gendrid also in a mannes guttis pat greuep a 15 man ful moche. Anopir...

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XIII. The Guts

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pp. 190-215

Here beginnep pe xiv chaptir of pis boke and conteinep iii practi[ s ]es or titlis. [235] The lyuer of a man hap iii sekenes: Don IS distempering of pe lyuer in hete eipir in colde, 10 moistnes eipir in drynes; anopir is stopping of pe lyuer; 10 and pe pird is a postem of pe lyuer. Distempering of pe f.194v lyuer pat com/ep of hete hap pes tokenes: brenyng and pricking vndir pe ri3t side...

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XIV. The Liver

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pp. 215-231

Here beginnep pe xv chapitir of pis boke pat 20 contenep but oon chaptir. [261] In a mannes spleen per ben diuerse sekenessis, as stopping, and swelling, and hardnes, and nesship, and postern, and wyndnes. And...

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XV. The Spleen

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pp. 231-244

...3 diaanisum] dianisum. 6 an-oller] CO". from oller. 13 is] ins. above. 19 xv] xiii. 20 chaptir] CO". from captir. 214-line initial in [261v] white, and pyn, and e1eer, eipir-ellis swarte 3elewe, eipir 10 vndir pe lifte side, and moche hardnes peras pe spleen Iiep. f. 211 v with muscilages. And pe bodi is discolourid and a / pale ...

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XVI. The Kidneys

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pp. 244-254

/ Here beginnep pe xvipe chapitir of pis boke pat contenip iii titlis or practi[s]es. In a man-is reynes eipir in his kidneiren ben pre greuauncis: ache, postern, and stones. Ache comep eipirwhilis of cold, eipirwhilis of hete: of hete, as of blode eipir of coler; of cold, as of fleume eipir of 15 malencoli. I>e remes ben y-fillid, principali with oon of f. 276 pes humours: / with...

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XVII. The Bladder

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pp. 254-270

In a mannes bladdir and longing to a mannes bladdir, f. 285 per ben diuerse greuaunj cis. Don is y-clepid stranguria, and pat is whan a man hap grete wit to pisse, and pissip but a litil, and pat is dropmele, as an eues of an house dropip. Anopir greuaunce per is, pat is an vnmesurable 15 pissing of vrin fro a man....

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XVIII. The Penis

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pp. 271-278

Here beginnep pe xviii chaptir pat conteinep iiiia titHs or practi[ s ]es. / In a mannes 3erde per ben diuerse greuaunces: to moche stonding pat is clepid satiriasis, and flowing of a man-is seed a3enst...

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XIX. Hemorrhoids

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pp. 278-305

Here beginnep pe xix chaptir pa conteinep 00 title or practis. [231] In a mannes ers ben diuerse greuauncis. Don is of pe 20 emeroidis. Oper per ben, as figis, and boilis, and diftes in pe ers. Emeroidis ben fyue veines pat comen to pe ers to deliuere pe bodi of sori malencoly blode pat wole noye opir membris. And eipirwhilis...

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Commentary

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pp. 306-327

In Add 30338 the text begins: "A mon pat woll help men in here sykenesses hym by-houep to knowe pe enchesons and pe kyndes of pe sekenesses, pat is to seye, wheper pey ben hote or colde, oper drye oper moyst. And pis ys y-knowe by mony diuerse tokenes, as by pe vryn and by pe pous, by a monnes coloure and by mony diuerse tokenes. And with Goddes grace we wollep wryte of summe sykenesses of pe body and of here tokenes ...

Glossary

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pp. 327-378

Alphabetical List of Plants by Genus

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pp. 379-387

Bibliography

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pp. 388-395

Series Page

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pp. 396-473


E-ISBN-13: 9780299129330
E-ISBN-10: 0299129330
Print-ISBN-13: 9780299129347
Print-ISBN-10: 0299129306

Page Count: 456
Publication Year: 1991

Series Title: History of Science and Medicine