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Observers Observed

Essays on Ethnographic Fieldwork

Edited by George W. Stocking, Jr.

Publication Year: 1984

History of Anthropology is a new series of annual volumes, each of which will treat an important theme in the history of anthropological inquiry. For this initial volume, the editors have chosen to focus on the modern cultural anthropology: intensive fieldwork by "participant observation." Observers Observed includes essays by a distinguished group of historians and anthropologists covering major episodes in the history of ethnographic fieldwork in the American, British, and French traditions since 1880. As the first work to investigate the development of modern fieldwork in a serious historical way, this collection will be of great interest and value to anthropologist, historians of science and the social sciences, and the general readers interested in the way in which modern anthropologists have perceived and described the cultures of "others." Included in this volume are the contributions of Homer G. Barnett, University of Oregon; James Clifford, University of California, Santa Cruz; Douglas Cole, Simon Frazer University; Richard Handler, Lake Forest College; Curtis Hinsley, Colgate University; Joan Larcom, Mount Holyoke College; Paul Rabinow, University of California, Berkeley; and the editor.

Published by: University of Wisconsin Press

TItle Page, Copyright

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Contents

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pp. v-vi

HISTORY OF ANTHROPOLOGY: Whence/Whither

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pp. 3-12

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"THE VALUE OF A PERSON LIES IN HIS HERZENSBILDUNG"Franz Boas' Baffin Island Letter .. Diary, 1883-1884

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pp. 13-52

When Franz Boas was twenty-five years old, he travelled to Baffin Island to undertake anthropological and geographical research among the Eskimo. In view of his later eminence as reigning patriarch of American anthropology during the first third of the twentieth century, the letter-diaries that he kept .

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ETHNOGRAPHIC CHARISMA AND SCIENTIFIC ROUTINE: Cushing and Fewkes in the American Southwest,1879-1893

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pp. 53-69

In one of the swift closing scenes of The Last of the Mohicans, Uncas stands before his Huron captors, anticipating death yet stolidly disdaining their taunts and tortures. As James Fenimore Cooper presents the picture, "in the very center of the lodge, immediately under an opening that admitted the twinkling ...

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THE ETHNOGRAPHER'S MAGIC: Fieldwork in British Anthropology from Tylor to Malinowski

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pp. 70-102

In the informal give-and-take of everyday disciplinary life, anthropologists occasionally speak of themselves in terms traditionally applied to tribal groups or folk societies. Since the latter are entities a more rigorously professional discourse has come to regard as problematic, one hesitates to suggest that an ...

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POWER AND DIALOGUE IN ETHNOGRAPHY: Marcel Griaule's Initiation

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pp. 121-156

Marcel Griaule cut a figure, self-confident and theatrical. He began his career as an aviator in the years just after World War l. (Later, in 1946, as holder of the first chair in ethnology at the Sorbonne, he would lecture in his air-force officer's uniform.) An energetic promoter of fieldwork, he portrayed it ...

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LEARNING ABOUT CULTURE: Reconstruction, Participation, Administration,1934-1954

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pp. 157-174

My ethnographic fieldwork began in the summer of 1934 under the guidance of A. L. Kroeber, my teacher and curriculum advisor at the University of California in Berkeley. The project was financed by a grant awarded to a visiting Polish professor, Stanislaw Klimek, who proposed the use of mathematical ...

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FOLLOWING DEACON: The Problem of Ethnographic Reanalysis, 1926-1981

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pp. 175-195

While not familiar to many anthropologists, Bernard Deacon (1903-27) is better known to those interested in kinship studies. Just before his tragic death in the New Hebrides (Vanuatu), where he was completing over a year of productive field research, Deacon made his most memorable anthropological ...

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"FACTS ARE A WORD OF GOD": An Essay Review of James Clifford's Person and Myth: Maurice Leenhardt in the Melanesian World

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pp. 196-207

This is an important book. It is well-crafted, affording us a sensitive and intelligent presentation of complex issues by an acute and learned observer. It does its historical and biographical job of restoring to his proper station an important figure in modem anthropology; a sort of historical justice is accomplished. ...

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THE DAINTY AND THE HUNGRY MAN: Literature and Anthropology in the Work of Edward Sapir

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pp. 208-231

"We lived, in a sense, lives in which the arts and the sciences fought uneven battles for pre-eminence." So wrote Margaret Mead of her student days in the early 1920s at Columbia University (1959:xviii). Mead's "we" refers to a community of anthropologists that included Franz Boas, Edward Sapir, and ...

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INFORMATION FOR CONTRIBUTORS

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pp. 233-234

Normally, every volume of HOA will be organized around a particular theme of historical and contemporary anthropological significance, although each volume may also contain one or more "miscellaneous studies" on non-theme topics, and occasionally there may be a full volume devoted to such studies. ...

INDEX

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pp. 235-242


E-ISBN-13: 9780299094539
Print-ISBN-13: 9780299094546

Publication Year: 1984