Feeding the Russian Fur Trade
Provisionment of the Okhotsk Seaboard and the Kamchatka Peninsula, 1639–1856
Publication Year: 2011
James R. Gibson offers a detailed study that is both an account of this chapter of Russian history and a full examination of the changing geography of the Okhotsk Seaboard and the Kamchatka Peninsula over the course of two centuries.
Published by: University of Wisconsin Press
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The importance that Klyuchevsky, one of nineteenth-century Russia's foremost historians, attributed to Russian expansion when he called the history of Russia "the history of a . . .
PART I. Perspective and Context
1 Historical Background: Occupation and Exploitation of the Russian Far East
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It is sometimes forgotten that European colonial expansion proceeded overland to the east as well as overseas to the west. While the maritime nations of Western Europe were advancing westward . . .
2 Geographical Background: Physical and Cultural Setting of the Okhotsk Seaboard and the Kamchatka Peninsula
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We have seen that the problem of provisionment of the Okhotsk Seaboard and the Kamchatka Peninsula was largely a problem of the fur trade, which was the basis of Russian eastward . . .
3 The Problem of Provisionment
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The problem of food supply on the Okhotsk Seaboard and the Kamchatka Peninsula was not a new experience for Sibiryaks (Russians of Siberia). Provisionment was long a chronic problem . . .
PART II. Overland-Oversea Provisionment
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The principal response of the Russians to the food supply problem of the Okhotsk Seaboard and the Kamchatka Peninsula was overland (Irkutsk-Y akutsk-Okhotsk) -oversea (Okhotsk-Gizhiga-Kamchatka) provisionment. * At times this approach . . .
5 Routes and Carriers
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At first mainly from Ilimsk Uyezd and later mostly from Baikalia provisions (chiefly flour and groats) were floated down the Lena River to Yakutsk from the "upper Lena . . .
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Despite the incompleteness of statistical data, enough figures are available to indicate that large amounts of provisions were transported overland-oversea from Eastern Siberia to the Okhotsk . . .
7 Transport Problems
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A plethora of difficulties plagued overland-overseas provisionment. Downstream transport on the Lena River was faced with fewer obstacles than transport on the Yakutsk-Okhotsk Track and on . . .
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Difficulties such as we have glimpsed prompted officials and merchants to seek various remedies, primarily alternate routes between Yakutsk and the Okhotsk Seaboard and alternate sites for . . .
PART III. Local Agriculture
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The many difficulties impeding overland-oversea provisionment of the Okhotsk Seaboard and the Kamchatka Peninsula prompted the Russian Government in the second quarter of the . . .
10 Agricultural Settlement
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The introduction of agriculture On the Okhotsk Seaboard and the Kamchatka Peninsula, then, was prompted by the extraordinary difficulties of overland-oversea provisionment. The . . .
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Members of the Second Kamchatka Expedition, such as Chirikov, Steller, and Krasheninnikov, were instructed to investigate the agricultural potential of Okhotsk-Kamchatka Kray . . .
12 Agricultural Problems
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Most of the numerous obstacles which limited agricultural production on the Okhotsk Seaboard and the Kamchatka Peninsula stemmed from the region's harsh physical . . .
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Russian reactions to the disappointing performance of agriculture on the Okhotsk Seaboard and the Kamchatka Peninsula are well documented for the peninsula, which was the focus of the . . .
PART IV. Retrospect
14 Summary and Conclusion
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The Russians came to the Okhotsk Seaboard and the Kamchatka Peninsula in search of furs, just as they had originally entered Siberia for sables and ultimately reached Alaska for sea , , ,
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Page Count: 358
Publication Year: 2011
Edition: 1st paperback