Tulalip, from My Heart
An Autobiographical Account of a Reservation Community
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: University of Washington Press
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Title Page, Copyright Page
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Foreword by Wayne Williams
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GrAnny, my mother Harriette Dover, was fiercely proud of being Indian. She spoke of things driving her life. She always wanted to write a book about Tulalip but she was a procrastinator. Some years ago she met and became friends with Carol Harkins, who is a local social activist. One day my mother made the comment that she had always wanted to go to college and that her parents had encouraged her to do so. While attending Everett High School, after finishing Tulalip Indian Board-...
Introduction by Darleen Fitzpatrick
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FridAy afternoon. Driving west on Marine Drive N.E., the Washing-ton highway that intersects the Tulalip Indian reservation, I remem-ber Harriette Shelton Dover’s comment, “Isn’t that a classy address?” Soon after passing the turn to Totem Beach, where the tribal offices and the community house are, I turn right, away from a descending sun, at the unpaved driveway to the little blue house. Mrs. Dover is hard of hearing, but she eventually hears me knocking and opens the back door to let me in. ...
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Snohomish/Lushootseed terms are rendered phonetically in the text. glottal stop; like a catch in the back of the throat, such as uh oh in ...
Prologue: A Sense of Place
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My name is Harriette Shelton Dover. I am going to talk about Tul-alip: that is the name of this Indian reservation where I live. In my language, the Snohomish language, we have a word, bečaliaad, that means “to lay down the heart; to be at ease, at rest; not to worry.” Bečali means “to lay [something] down”; aad is “to leave it alone or drop it.” That is what I am going to do here: bečaliaad. I am going to lay down my heart.Tulalip is the name of the Indian reservation, and it is the name of the ...
1 / Treaty Time, 1855
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The first time Tulalip was mentioned in white history, you might say, was January 22, 1855, when these Indians, the Snohomish Tribe, the Duwamish (which was Chief Seattle’s tribe), and all of the people from Seattle to the Canadian border signed a treaty at Mukilteo.Tulalip is mentioned in the Point Elliott Treaty, in article 3, in which it describes the Tulalip area as the area that will be our reservation. But Tulalip, as you know, is really a very old name. It comes from a prehistoric time. It is ...
2 / Settling on the Reservation
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The Indians came down to Tulalip after the fall fishing, in November or December, because they said it was already cold. The year was 1856, because the treaty was signed in 1855. They had been told to come one year later and they did, but there was nobody here from the government to meet them—no agent. No one came to tell them that the treaty was not yet ratified by Congress. The Treaty of Point Elliott was ratified on April 11, 1859.There was no housing and no water for the people who came, except for two ...
3 / Finding Work in the Early Days
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When I was small most Indians had little or no income. White people feel that Indians received money every month from the government. They did not. Many Indians were migratory field workers. They could get work picking hops. In the Puyallup Valley there were hundreds of acres of land owned by the pioneers who raised hops. Appar-ently, hops was one of the early crops when western Washington was first settled in the 1840s and 1850s, so that was one of the few things that Indians ...
4 / First Memories of White People
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One of the problems Indian men face is that the Indians have continu-ous unemployment. In the old days, an Indian man was a man. He was a hunter, a fisherman, a provider of food, and a protector. When white people came here, then Indians in various places had Indian wars. But eventually the Indians gave up. They moved onto reservations, where there was no work and nothing to do; a situation like that is very demoralizing for a man. He no longer feels as if he can do anything. He feels helpless. He ...
5 / Remember (What We Told You)
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By 1855, the time of the treaty, there was a small Catholic school here in Tulalip Bay located at Priest Point.1 There were other missionaries, but I think—by far—the Catholic priests came here first. When I say they came here first, I mean they came even before or just along with the white trappers. The pioneers came right after the trappers. So, these priests were moving across what became the United States, Canada, and Mexico long ago.Father Pierre de Smet was a well-known priest in the Middle West. My ...
6 / The Tulalip Indian Boarding School
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In school we tried to follow what our grandparents said. When I arrived at the Indian boarding school in 1912, I was seven years old. It seemed so cold, and we were always running, running, hurry, hurry, hurry. Com-pared to my home, it was a traumatic shock. I don’t think anyone stopped to think how hard it was for us Indian children to be taken to an Indian school and suddenly have to get up at 5colon.ratio30 in the morning. At home I woke up around seven or nine o’clock in the morning, and I could always eat. My ...
7 / Treaty Rights Are Like a Drumbeat
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The war in Europe had been going on since, I think, 1914. The United States declared war in April 1917. Then World War I finally hit the whole United States. My brother had to register for the U.S. Army in April. All of the Indian boys of that age group, from twenty-one to twenty-eight years old, had to sign up. We were all worried, really sick with worry, over my sister because she was dying. When she died at the end of May, as I said before, she died the same night my brother graduated from high school ...
8 / Public School and Marriage, 1922 to 1926
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I WAs terrified when I started high school. My brother picked out my classes. He wanted me to take the science curriculum—the hardest course in the school. I had to have a foreign language and English. I said, “I don’t want to take those courses. Just let me have the general studies program, and I can take cooking and sewing.” But my brother picked out my program. He and my father wanted me to go to the University of Washington when I graduated. You might think I learned to cook when I stayed with Mrs. Zanga, ...
9 / Political and Social Conditions
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When the decision came down from the Supreme Court in 1928, that was when my older boy was born, so the decision was kind of secondary to my new baby.1 I listened to my brother discuss the case because then some of the other Indian tribes started to be aware of and talk about the promises that were in the treaties that were never kept. About this time my brother Robert had a radio show. The city of Sno-homish, Washington State, and the Snohomish Pioneers helped him. He ...
10 / Legacy
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In 1959, after Wayne came back here to be business manager, this tribe sponsored a meeting of the Northwest Intertribal Organization. They met in Everett. Indians came from Spokane, Colville, Okanogan, Yakama, Wenatchee, Fort Collins, and Cowlitz. There were delegates from all over I was on a panel that met in the morning from 9 A.m. to 12colon.ratio30 p.m. I wasn’t supposed to be on—Sebastian Williams was. I thought, seven o’clock in the morning at my house is midnight for me. He asked me if I would be the ...
11 / Seeing the World
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My father and his parents and their group used to talk about the Salmon Ceremony. I talked about it to Wayne fifteen or twenty years ago. He said we ought to do it. He said, “Think about it. Present it to the Board.” Then I would forget about it. I sort of thought I We had our first gathering to talk about the Salmon Ceremony at Bernie Gobin’s house in 1970. Morris Dan and Bertha Dan came from La Conner. Others who helped plan the ceremony were Stan and Joann Jones, Gloria St. ...
Appendix: The Tulalip Indian School Schedule
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Page Count: 341
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: Naomi B. Pascal Editor's Endowment
Series Editor Byline: John Smith, Will Wordsworth