China's New Socialist Countryside
Modernity Arrives in the Nu River Valley
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: University of Washington Press
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Nujiang Prefecture is one of the most remote, most sparsely populated, and least-known parts of China. Until very recently, people of the Lisu, Nu, Drung (Dulong), Tibetan, and other small ethnic groups have lived subsistence livelihoods in its deep valleys between precipitous mountain...
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I would first like to thank my family for their enormous support and inspiration. I am particularly grateful to my mother, Susan Harwood, for encouraging me to pursue an advanced academic degree and for her sage words of advice, guidance, and feedback. I would like to thank my...
Equivalents and Abbreviations
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Before 1999, to travel from Gongshan County’s poorest and most isolated township of Dulongjiang to the Gongshan county town required an arduous three-day trek along a narrow mountain trail. Today one can travel between these two places by vehicle, following the completion of a ninety-six...
1. Life at the Periphery of the Chinese Party-State: An Introduction
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Francis Kingdon Ward’s account of the extreme conditions that he encountered during a 1922 expedition across the northern reaches of the area that is today known as Gongshan County provides a fitting introduction to one of China’s most isolated and inaccessible regions. Ward...
2. Nature Reserves and Reforestation: The Impacts of Conservation Programs upon Livelihoods
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The CCP’s legitimacy hinges upon its capacity to deliver sustained economic growth, social stability, and better livelihoods for the people of China. The continuing deterioration of China’s natural environment is a serious challenge to these aspirations. Indeed, it is estimated that the economic...
3. All Is Not as It Appears: Education Reform
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Until recently, school completion rates among Gongshan’s ethnic minority population were very low. The high costs of participating in formal education, combined with a perception that it offers limited utility, caused many ethnic minority students to drop out of school and return to the family...
4. Migration from the Margins: Increasing Outward Migration for Work
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The treacherous road that connects the Gongshan county town with Dulongjiang, Gongshan’s poorest and most isolated township, was completed only in 1999 and at significant cost: approximately ¥120 million. Prior to the road’s construction, Dulongjiang was very difficult to access...
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Prior to 2007, many of Menke’s primary school– aged children were missing out on a full education. This was not because their parents did not want their children to attend school; as the quote above suggests, many of Menke’s parents in fact placed great value upon education. The...
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Glossary of Chinese Terms
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Page Count: 248
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: Studies on ethnic groups in China
Series Editor Byline: John Smith, Will Wordsworth