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Over the Mountains Are Mountains

Korean Peasant Households and Their Adaptations to Rapid Industrialization

by Clark W. Sorensen

Publication Year: 2013

Clark Sorensen presents a description of the economic and ecological organization of rural Korean domestic groups and an analysis of their adaptation to the changes brought about by Korea's rapid industrialization.

Published by: University of Washington Press

Title Page, Further Reading, Copyright

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pp. ii-iv


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p. v-v

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Preface to the Paperback Edition

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pp. vii-xi

In the 1970s and 1980s, I used to allow six hours for the one-way trip from Seoul to San'gongni: an hour to get to the Ch'ŏngnyangni train station, buy the ticket, and board the train; two hours and twenty minutes on the train to Ch'unch'ŏn; a thirty-to-forty-minute wait in the Ch'unch'ŏn bus station; another hour on the slow country bus on bumpy, unpaved ...

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pp. xiii-xiv

This work could never have been completed without the help of many others. Stevan Harrell, as chairman of my dissertation committee at the University of Washington, provided me with inspiration, advice, and encouragement without which I would never have reached the field. Dr. Suh Doo Soo, of the University of Washington (retired), provided ...

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Chapter 1. Over the Mountains Are Mountains

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pp. 3-14

Chang Yŏnggŭn was born in 1914 in San'gongni, a collection of small hamlets in the mountains some twenty-five kilometers southwest of Ch'unch'ŏn, the capital of South Korea's Kangwŏn Province. He has lived his whole life as a farmer, eking out a small living in the same small ravine overlooking the river where his present house still stands ...

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Chapter 2. Development without Structural Change in Sangongni Households

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pp. 15-43

How is it possible for there to be dramatic change in the circumstances of people's lives without there being change in the social structure of their households, the most crucial institution for their survival? For those anthropologists and sociologists who prefer to define social structure in terms of social relations (Radcliffe-Brown 1965) or in ...

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Chapter 3. Development and the Influence of a Mountain Environment

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pp. 44-90

Subsistence agriculture with hand tools and draft animals has been the dominant mode of life in Sangongni as long as people can remember. Even as late as 1983, the income of four-fifths of the households was acquired exclusively through agriculture, with more than half of the remaining households gaining a major part of their income from ...

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Chapter 4. Subsistence, Productivity, and Household Adaptation

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pp. 91-126

In the previous chapter, the cropping strategies of the villagers of Sangongni were characterized as "subsistence oriented." This subsistence orientation was not seen as the inevitable result of the application of traditional technology to the natural environment, as the result of the conservative outlook that some have seen as typical of smallholding ...

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Chapter 5. Energy Flow and the Allocation of Household Labor

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pp. 127-158

If the first criterion the villagers of Sangongni take into account in determining their household cropping strategies is the subsistence needs of the household, the second must be the size and composition of the household labor supply. Whatever the mix of crops that is cultivated, of course, these crops must be produced by the application of ...

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Chapter 6. The Changing Family Cycle

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pp. 159-204

As we have seen in previous chapters, the Sangongni household is a unit of production and consumption. It is also a unit of reproduction. If, as we have contended, the householders of the village try to produce household needs on household land with household labor, then the principles that govern the entry and exit of members to the household ...

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Chapter 7. Industrialization, Migration, and Land-Tenure Patterns

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pp. 205-227

That peasants should adjust the size of their farms in accordance with both family consumption requirements and family labor supply is expected in Chayanov's model of agriculture with family labor farms and, as was noted in chapter 2 (nn. 15 and 16), there is good evidence that the peasants of Sangongni do indeed make these kinds of ...

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Chapter 8. Organization, Structure, and the Explanation of Social Change

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pp. 228-242

We have been using an analysis of social change in Sangongni, a village in the mountains of Korea, to address the question of rural adaptational response to conditions of rapid urbanization and industrialization. Sangongni and other villages like it in industrializing societies present us with an interesting problem of explanation ...


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pp. I 1-I 16


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pp. 243-247


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pp. 249-273

Guide to Romanization

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pp. 275-279

A Note on Weights and Measures

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p. 280-280


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pp. 281-294


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pp. 295-308

E-ISBN-13: 9780295804651
E-ISBN-10: 0295804653
Print-ISBN-13: 9780295992761
Print-ISBN-10: 029599276X

Page Count: 338
Publication Year: 2013