The Everyday Life of the State
A State-in-Society Approach
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: University of Washington Press
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Title Page, Copyright
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Establishing authority is no easy business. The difficulty is not only the inclination by many people to resist being told what to do, not an insignificant problem in its own right as any parent or teacher can tell you. It is much more than that. ...
Introduction: A State-in-Society Agenda
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Today there are more states controlling more people than at any other point in history. Wherever lines of longitude and latitude cross on the globe, human behavior is to some degree shaped by rules and regulations set down by states, either alone or in concert with one another. ...
Part I. The Everyday Life of the Turkish State
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1. Seeing the State: Kinship Networks and Kurdish Resistance in Early Republican Turkey
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A Guardian journalist who visited a Kurdish village in the Siverek district of Urfa in 1973 wrote: “The real power in the region is held by big landowners. . . . They function as unelected justices of the peace, mayors and social workers in villages that lack any other governmental authority. ...
2. Rethinking Turkish State–Kurdish Relations
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Among the books authored by veteran Kurdish politician Tarık Ziya Ekinci is one titled The State and I (Devlet ve Ben). The book’s cover features one photograph of a tank accompanying a battalion of shielded police bearing down on a crowd of people on a Turkish street and another photograph showing police dragging (or beating up) a protester (Ekinci 1995). ...
3. State-Society Relations and Religious Freedom: The United States, France, and Turkey
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In 1995, President Bill Clinton issued the Memorandum on Religion in Schools, which stressed that “students may display religious messages on items of clothing to the same extent that they are permitted to display other comparable messages. . . . When wearing particular attire, such as yarmulkes and head scarves, ...
4. Prison as a Space of State-Society Contestation: The Case of Turkish F-Type Prisons
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Michel Foucault argues in Discipline and Punish (1977) that the punitive control mechanisms used in prison to shape prisoners’ lives are reflective of trends in broader society. In other words, the ways in which the prison controls prisoners is similar to how schools control students or how the military controls soldiers in the barracks. ...
Part II. The Everyday Life of the Israeli State
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5. Nationalisms Compete: The Boundaries of Arab Political Participation in Israel
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The early years of the state of Israel show the use of the legal framework as a means for the dominant Jewish group to isolate and control the Arab citizens (Lustick 1979). Between 1948 and 1966, the Mandatory Defense Regulation (Emergency Regulations) of 1945 and the Emergency Defense Regulations (Security Areas Law) of 1949 ...
6. Nation Building and Regulation of Pluri-legal Jurisdictions: The Case of the Israeli Millet System
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Israel formally inherited personal status components of the Ottoman millet system in 1948. The millet system was a highly pluralized legal system under which both the Ottoman and British imperial authorities granted juridical autonomy over matters of personal status (e.g., marriage, divorce, succession, maintenance) to eleven ethno-religious communities in Palestine.1 ...
7. Collaborating with the Image of the State, Resisting Its Practices, or Both? Israeli Jewish Women’s Political Activism
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In 2006, an Israeli Jewish woman looked out at the newly constructed watchtowers, checkpoint terminals, concrete walls, and barbed wire that zigzagged across the bleak West Bank landscape. She spoke of the Holocaust. The scene reminded her of the horrors her family had escaped in Europe to come rebuild their lives in this land of broken promises. ...
8. The Politics of Fracture: Identity, Difference, and Fissures in the Image of the Singular, Unified Israeli State
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The Israeli women’s movement has experienced a vibrant, and sometimes vociferous, internal debate over the core of its identity over the past thirty years. During the 1980s, for instance, the Israeli women’s movement was strongly influenced by a feminist standpoint (Hartsock 1998) and theories of sisterhood-is-global (Morgan 1984). ...
Part III. The Everyday Life of the State in Asia and North Africa
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9. Revelation and Redemption: Colonial Precedents for the Politics of Islam in India and Malaysia
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In April 2001, a case came before the High Court of Malaysia on a matter of constitutional and Islamic law. The plaintiff, a Malaysian citizen who was born a Muslim, presented her case as such: She had converted to Christianity and been baptized in a church. ...
10. (Re)Creating Democracy through Practice: Insights from the Japanese Experience
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How do totalitarian regimes democratize? How does an undemocratic country transform its polity such that democratic values and practices become integral parts of its political culture? These are some of the most pressing questions of our time, and they are not easily answered by the current dominant approaches to the study of politics, ...
11. Negotiating National Identity: Berber Activism and the Moroccan State
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On October 17, 2001, in the presence of his advisors, members of the government, and leaders of the political parties and unions, the Moroccan king Mohammed VI announced the establishment of the Royal Institute of the Amazigh Culture (l’Institut Royal de la Culture Amazighe, or IRCAM).1 ...
12. Challenging the Practice of the State, but Beholden to Its Image: Women’s Activists, Academics, and the Public Take on Egypt’s Citizenship Laws
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Pressure on regimes to wrestle with the issue of citizenship seems to be mounting throughout countries in the Middle East, despite the fact that these countries have different forms of governments and varying levels of wealth. Issues related to citizenship have recently risen to the top of the public agenda in three different regimes: Egypt, Kuwait, and Jordan. ...
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The state-in-society approach has been a public good in political science for more than two decades. Between finishing his dissertation on peasant rebellion and publishing State in Society—a nearly thirty-year span—Joel S. Migdal’s intellectual trajectory is clear in hindsight. ...
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Notes on Contributors
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Page Count: 265
Publication Year: 2013