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Cultural Encounters on China's Ethnic Frontiers

Edited by Stevan Harrell

Publication Year: 1994

Published by: University of Washington Press

Title Page, Copyright Page

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pp. 2-5

Contents and List of Maps

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pp. v-viii

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Introduction: Civilizing Projects and the Reaction to Them

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pp. 3-36

Around the geographic periphery of the Chinese empire, later the Republic of China, and now the People's Republic of China, as well as in some of the less accessible parts of China's interior, and sometimes even in its cities, live a variety of peoples of different origins, languages, ecological adaptations...

Part I: The Historiography of Ethnic Identity: Scholarly and Official Discourses

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pp. 37-47

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The Naxi and the Nationalities Question

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pp. 39-62

Time was when ethnologists in the People's Republic of China had only two and a half theories of society and culture to work with: Stalin's theory of national identity, Morgan's theory of social evolution, and Engels' reworking of Morgan in The Origin of the Family, Private Property, and the State. Since the...

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The History of The History of The Yi

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pp. 63-91

The question "Who are the Yi?" was much more puzzling to me, a neophyte in Yi studies, than it seemed to have been to most Chinese writing on the subject either before or after 1949. The Chinese, in fact, be they scholars or ordinary southwestern peasants, seem to have always known who the Yi were or...

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Defining the Miao: Ming, Qing, and Contemporary Views

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pp. 92-116

Although the Miao are one of the "nationalities" currently recognized within China's borders, whether the close to seven and a half million people currently categorized as Miao constitute a nationality (a single ethnic group) is somewhat problematic, as are earlier usages of the term Miao (lit., "sprouts," "seedlings," and...

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Making Histories: Contending Conceptions of the Yao Past

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pp. 117-139

Publications on the Yao minority nationality (minzu) in the post-Mao period reveal a vast range of representational strategies, but one of the more dominant concerns the place of the Yao in the history of the People's Republic of China. The Yao people are portrayed as hardy and culturally resilient mountain...

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Père Vial and The Gni-p'a: Orientalist Scholarship and the Christian Project

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pp. 140-185

Civilizing projects of various ruling centers have formed a complex pattern of interactions with distinct linguistic/ethnic groups settled in Southwest China's peripheries. During the late nineteenth century, European and American missionaries introduced variations of the Christian civilizing project into the...

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Voices of Manchu Identity, 1635-1935

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pp. 186-214

Three centuries after its triumphant conquest of the Chinese empire, the Qing court fled back to the land whence it had come. The Aisin Gioro chief who staggered into Northeast China under Japanese protection in 1932 was a powerless figurehead. Yet for some, Henry Pu Yi symbolized a people that...

Part II: The History of Ethnic Identity: The Process of Peoples

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pp. 215-225

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Millenarianism, Christian Movements, and Ethnic Change Among The Miao in Southwest China

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pp. 217-247

In the early twentieth century the Hua Miao (Flowery Miao) peoples of northeastern Yunnan, western Guizhou, and southern Sichuan experienced both mass conversions to Christianity and rapid development of a Miao ethnic identity.1 Among the Hei Miao (Black Miao) of southeastern Guizhou, however...

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Chinggis Khan: From Imperial Ancestor to Ethnic Hero

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pp. 248-277

Although problems of ethnicity are becoming increasingly important among Mongols, especially in China and the former USSR, where they find themselves a disadvantaged minority, the topic has been little explored in Mongolian studies. This chapter examines the emergence and evolution of Mongol ethnicity...

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The Impact of Urban Ethnic Education on Modern Mongolian Ethnicity, 1949-1966

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pp. 278-300

In modern China, "ethnic unity" (minzu tuanjie) is the basis upon which the state seeks to build a multi-ethnic nation. In this project of "creating putative homogeneity out of heterogeneity" (Williams 1989: 439), the state-controlled education system is assigned an important role. But even though Chinese...

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On the Dynamics of Tai/Dai-Lue Ethnicity: An Ethnohistorical Analysis

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pp. 301-328

The Tai-Lue, a Tai-speaking people who now live mostly in Xishuangbanna Dai Nationality Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan,1 are unlike other non-Han ethnic groups in this frontier province, most of whom are divided into distinct, noncentralized units. Although the Tai-Lue have had the full experience...


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pp. 329-331


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pp. 333-366


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pp. 367-368


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pp. 369-379

E-ISBN-13: 9780295804088
E-ISBN-10: 0295804084
Print-ISBN-13: 9780295975283
Print-ISBN-10: 0295975288

Publication Year: 1994