Containing Missile Proliferation
Strategic Technology, Security Regimes, and International Cooperation in Arms Control
Publication Year: 2003
Published by: University of Washington Press
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This is a study of international efforts to contain the proliferation of a partic ularly deadly military technology-long-range ballistic missiles. Ballistic missiles enable states to rapidly deliver weapons of mass destruction over vast distances. Missile proliferation is therefore among the foremost concerns on the international security agenda. When faced with mutual challenges and concerns, states often coordinate their national policy responses through multilateral ...
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I n a February 2001 report to Congress, the Bush administration called atten tion to a looming missile threat. It noted that "in a world where more than a dozen nations possess ballistic missile technology, and a number of nations are racing to acquire weapons of mass destruction, America's most pressing national security challenge is to reduce our current vulnerability ... against missile attack."I The previous year, President Clinton had also stated that a missile threat ...
2. Regimes, Technology, Politics, and Proliferation
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I nternational efforts to contain missile proliferation originated in the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR). The first section of this chapter defines the important concept of regimes and clarifies issues concerning their institu tional design and operating components. Because the MTCR'S initial scope was restricted to technology barriers, the second section assesses scholarship on tech nology and its control. Technology barriers delay rather than halt missile pro ...
3. Building a Supply-Side Regime
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I n February 2001, Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld launched a dramatic broadside against Moscow, charging that "Russia is an active proliferator .... They are selling and assisting countries like Iran and North Korea and India and other countries with these [missile-related] technologies which are threatening ... the United States and Western Europe and countries in the Middle East."r That same month, Washington's Central Intelligence Agency reported that "the Chi ...
4. Argentina, Brazil, South Africa
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I n July 1989 and November 1990, South Africa fired two-stage rockets from Overberg at Africa's southernmost tip toward Prince Edward Islands 1A50 km to the southeast. These rocket tests were part of a dual missile and space program that involved over a thousand personnel, but was dismantled before the country's transition to majority rule in 1994. Nelson Mandela's govern ...
5. South Korea, Taiwan, Arab States
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On September 26, 1978, at a South Korean military base, several antitank rockets, multiple-loaded rockets, and a new 180 km range ballistic missile zeroed in on their targets to the applause and cheers of a hundred viewers. Wit nessing the missile display were President Park Chung Hee, his cabinet minis ters, Korea's army chiefs, and General John Vessey, commander of U.S. forces in Korea. Seoul's ministry of defense proclaimed that South Korea had become ...
6. Israel, India, Pakistan
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On July 18, 1980, two thousand scientists and observers watched India's 17 ton SL v -3 rocket lift off from the Sriharikota complex on the Bay of Bengal. At an altitude of 300 km, it placed a 35 kg satellite in orbit. Prime Minister Indira Gandhi informed Parliament: "This is a notable achievement ofIndia and Indian science .... The nation is proud of [Indian scientists] and wishes them further ...
7. North Korea and Iran
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On July 22,1998, a Shehab-3 rocket lifted off from the Iranian desert, flew toward the southeast, and detonated 100 seconds into its flight. The Jerusalem Post reported ominously, "Iran has joined the long-range missile club," adding that this development was "one of the toughest challenges in the history ofthe state [ofIsrael], and we are taking it seriously."· Iran's former president Hashemi Rafsanjani noted defensively that Tehran's missile program had "started ...
8. Toward a Treaty Regime
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I n November 2002 at The Hague, ninety-three countries adopted and signed an International Code of Conduct for missiles. The Code had gained prece dence over another missile nonproliferation initiative, a global control system ( GCs) for missiles that was discussed during 2000-2001 at meetings in Moscow. The GCS and Code of Conduct contained important confidence-building mea ...
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Multilateral regimes can contain the spread of deadly technologies in two gen eral ways. First, they can pursue a technological containment approach an approach of containing strategic weapons proliferation through technological means, by denying regional powers the technological assistance required for weapons development. Second, regimes may adopt a political-legal approach, ...
Appendix: Technical Notes on Missiles
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Publication Year: 2003