Small States in International Relations
Publication Year: 2006
Published by: University of Washington Press
Title Page, Copyright
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Introduction: Lilliputians in Gulliver’s World?
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International Relations (IR) is a state-centric discipline as well as a powercentered discipline, and this volume will not challenge either of those two foundations. Our aim is rather to draw attention to the importance of studying states in their diversity. More specifically, we want to demonstrate the value of studying small states. ...
Part I: Defining Contributions to the Literature
1. The Power of Small States: Diplomacy in World War II
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During World War II it was widely asserted that the day of the small power was over. Not only could such a state have no security under modern conditions of war; it could have no future in the peace that presumably one day would follow. This was a belief shared by respected students of world politics and by advocates of Lebensraum for the thousand-year Reich. ...
2. Lilliputians’ Dilemmas: Small States in International Politics
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One of the most striking features of contemporary international politics has been the conspicuousness of small states in an era marked by increasing military disparity between Great and Small. Using the United Nations as a forum and a force and claiming “nonalignment” as an important diplomatic innovation, small states have risen to prominence if not to power. ...
3. The Inequality of States: A Study of the Small Power in International Relations
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This study is an attempt to spell out some of the practical political implications of the material inequality of states. While the formal equality of states is a valuable and, on the whole, valued convention of international relations, it is evident that in peace, no less than in war, differences of size have political consequences for both large and small nations. ...
4. Micro-states: The Principality of Liechtenstein
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The Principality of Liechtenstein has a total land area of 160 square kilometers.1 It has 30,310 inhabitants of whom 61.4 percent are of Liechtensteinese nationality, the rest being of foreign origin.2 In 1993, Liechtenstein had an export surplus of 1,024 million Swiss francs.3 Of the exports of the products of Liechtenstein industry, 13.8 percent go to Switzerland, ...
Part II: Refining the Small State Debate
5. Weak States in the International System
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The studies of modern diplomatic history and the theories of international relations have usually been based on the relations among the great powers: Britain, France, Prussia/Germany, Russia, and the United States. The available works are already exhaustive, but the output continues.1 The study of the weak states, on the other hand, has been sorely neglected. ...
6. Small States in World Markets: Industrial Policy in Europe
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In the 1970s and 1980s, it is often said, the rate of economic change is accelerating while the capacity for political adjustment is shrinking. Throughout the advanced industrial world this divergence has become both a rallying cry for conservatives demanding fewer state intrusions in the market and a challenge to liberals seeking more effective state intervention. ...
7. The Role of Small States in the European Union
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The research has analyzed whether the special characteristics of smaller states (strong corporatism and concentrated economic interests, according to Katzenstein) impact their approach in the decision-making process of the EU in the areas of the CAP and the Regional Policy. The empirical evidence established in this research supports the main hypothesis. ...
Part III: Small State Capacity in International Relations
8. Learning, Realism, and Alliances: The Weight of the Shadow of the Past
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Alliances are central to international relations: they are the primary foreign policy means by which states increase their security, and they are crucial determinants of the outbreak, spread, and outcome of wars. The dominant theory in international relations scholarship—realism—because of its focus on power and security also places a great emphasis on alliances. ...
9. Norm Entrepreneurs: Scandinavia’s Role in World Politics
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Challenging the commonly held view that “the powerful do as they will, and the weak do as they must,” this article analyzes how a group of small states in northern Europe play a role in strengthening global codes of appropriate behavior referred to as “norms.” Scandinavian contributions to international society vary from institutionalizing norms ...
Conclusion: Learning from Lilliput
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The study of small states in international relations has evolved from explaining anomalies, puzzles, and residual activity in the international system of states, to engaging some of the most important issues in the study of international political economy, international security, and international society. ...
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Publication Year: 2006
Series Title: New Directions in Scandinavian Studies
Series Editor Byline: Edited Terje Leiren and Christine Ingebritsen