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Antiphon and Andocides

Translated by Michael Gagarin and Douglas M. MacDowell

Publication Year: 1998

Speeches from the two earliest Greek orators whose works still survive.

Published by: University of Texas Press

Series: The Oratory of Classical Greece

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. v-vi

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pp. vii-viii

This is the first volume in a series of translations of The Oratory of Classical Greece. The aim of the series is to make available primarily for those who do not read Greek up-to-date, accurate, and readable translations with introductions and explanatory notes of all the surviving...

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Series Introduction: Greek Oratory

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pp. ix-xxviii

From as early as Homer (and undoubtedly much earlier) the Greeks placed a high value on effective speaking. Even Achilles,whose greatness was primarily established on the battlefield, was brought up to be ``a speaker of words and a doer of deeds'' (Iliad 9.443); and...


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pp. 3-8

Antiphon of Rhamnus (a deme, or precinct, in northern Attica) came from an old Athenian family.1 Born around 480, he achieved enough prominence in the city to rate occasional mention by the comic poets, but for the most part he avoided public life. In 411, however...

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1. Against the Stepmother

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pp. 9-16

This speech is delivered by a young man who is prosecuting his stepmother for poisoning his father. She is defended by her son, his half-brother. The death occurred some time ago, when the speaker was a boy (1.30); he may only recently have turned eighteen, the minimum age for bringing a legal case...

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The Tetralogies

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pp. 17-18

The three Tetralogies1 are artificial exercises in the form of speeches to an Athenian court (where each litigant in a private case would give two speeches). They illustrate different types of argument. In the first the facts are in dispute: did the accused do it? In the second the facts...

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2. First Tetralogy

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pp. 19-29

A man and his servant have been killed in the street late at night. When the crime was discovered, the man was already dead, but the servant, before dying, apparently identified the accused as the murderer. This direct evidence is disputed (the servant would be biased)...

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3. Second Tetralogy

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pp. 30-39

Some young men were practicing javelin-throwing, when a boy who ran out on the field to pick up the javelins was accidentally struck and killed. The young man who threw the javelin is now charged with unintentional homicide (which would be tried in Athens at the Palladium...

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4. Third Tetralogy

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pp. 40-47

This is the shortest of the Tetralogies and lacks the concentrated focus found in the first two. The case concerns a death resulting from a fight when both men had apparently been drinking, circumstances that were probably as common in Athens as they are today. As in the...

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5. On the Murder of Herodes

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pp. 48-72

Antiphon's longest surviving speech, On the Murder of Herodes, was regarded in antiquity as one of his best. Modern opinion generally agrees, though our ignorance on several important issues makes any assessment of the argument dif®cult. Being a defense speech, it can be...

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6. On the Chorus Boy

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pp. 73-89

The speech On the Chorus Boy was delivered by an unknown Athenian who in 4191 was assigned the important (and expensive) public duty or liturgy (2.2.12n) of training a boys' chorus to compete at the Thargelia, a festival held in the late Spring. This Choregus ("chorus...

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Fragment 1. On the Revolution

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pp. 90-92

After the Athenian expedition to Sicily (see the Introduction to Andocides) was defeated by Sparta and its allies in 413, turmoil in Athens led to a coup by a group of four hundred oligarchs. However, this government of the Four Hundred was soon overthrown, its chief...


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pp. 95-98

Andocides was born not long before 440 BC. He was descended from a distinguished Athenian family. As a young man he became a member of a group of friends, including Euphiletus and Meletus,who shared a political interest. They held oligarchic opinions, in the sense...

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1. On the Mysteries

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pp. 99-140

In 403 or 402 BC Andocides returned to Athens, believing himself to be protected by the recent amnesty and revision of the legal code. But about three years later, probably in 400 or possibly in 399, he was prosecuted by endeixis, a legal procedure for accusing someone of...

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2. On His Return

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pp. 141-147

The speech On His Return, though placed second in the principal manuscript of Andocides, is earlier in date than On the Mysteries. After going into exile in 415 BC Andocides made his first attempt to return to Athens in 411. Thinking that the best way to persuade the Athenians...

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3. On the Peace With Sparta

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pp. 148-158

In 404 BC Athens was finally defeated by Sparta in the Peloponnesian War. The Athenians were compelled to demolish their town walls, to relinquish their empire and all their navy except twelve ships, and to install the oligarchic government of the Thirty. The oligarchy did...

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4. Against Alcibiades

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pp. 159-170

The speech Against Alcibiades purports to have been delivered on the occasion of an ostracism. In the fifth century BC ostracism was a method of banishing a citizen for ten years. Each year the question whether an ostracism should be held was put to the Assembly. If the...


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pp. 171-174

E-ISBN-13: 9780292799110
E-ISBN-10: 029279911X
Print-ISBN-13: 9780292728080
Print-ISBN-10: 0292728085

Page Count: 202
Illustrations: none
Publication Year: 1998

Series Title: The Oratory of Classical Greece