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Black-Brown Relations and Stereotypes

By Tatcho Mindiola, Jr., Yolanda Flores Niemann, and Nestor Rodriguez

Publication Year: 2002

Race relations in twenty-first-century America will not be just a black-and-white issue. The 2000 census revealed that Hispanics already slightly outnumber African Americans as the largest ethnic group, while together Blacks and Hispanics constitute the majority population in the five largest U.S. cities. Given these facts, black-brown relations could be a more significant racial issue in the decades to come than relations between minority groups and Whites. Offering some of the first in-depth analyses of how African Americans and Hispanics perceive and interact with each other, this pathfinding study looks at black-brown relations in Houston, Texas, one of the largest U.S. cities with a majority ethnic population and one in which Hispanics outnumber African Americans. Drawing on the results of several sociological studies, the authors focus on four key issues: how each group forms and maintains stereotypes of the other, areas in which the two groups conflict and disagree, the crucial role of women in shaping their communities’ racial attitudes, and areas in which Hispanics and African Americans agree and can cooperate to achieve greater political power and social justice.

Published by: University of Texas Press

List of Tables

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pp. viii-ix

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Preface

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pp. xi-xiv

The 2000 U.S. Census documented what those who live in urban areas across the United States already know—that the color of America is rapidly changing. One of the most significant forces underlying this change is the dramatic increase in the country’s immigrant population, especially Hispanics, over the past three decades, coupled with a ...

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1. Emerging Relations between African Americans and Hispanics

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pp. 1-18

African Americans and Hispanics have co-resided in the United States for more than one hundred fifty years, so why have relations between these two populations become a salient topic at the beginning of the twenty-first century? There are several answers to this question. First, by the end of the twentieth century the two populations formed ...

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2. Stereotypes and Their Implications for Intergroup Relations

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pp. 19-42

Stereotypes are pictures in our heads about a category of people (Lippmann 1922). More specifically, stereotypes are positive or negative sets of beliefs held by an individual about the characteristics of a group. These beliefs vary in their accuracy. For example, a common stereotype about Hispanics is that they are uneducated. Indeed, only about 11 percent of ...

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3. Areas of Disagreement

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pp. 43-66

Disagreements between ethnic groups in the United States are not unknown. There has been conflict between Scots and Irish and Germans and Italians and between Whites and most people of color. Disagreements also exist between Blacks and Jews, Asians and Blacks, and, as this chapter illustrates, between Hispanics and ...

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4. Women’s Perceptions of Black-Brown Relations: A Contextual Approach

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pp. 67-94

Black and Hispanic women hold more hostile attitudes toward each other’s groups than do their male counterparts. This finding in our preliminary analyses took us by surprise. We had set out to examine relations between the two largest ethnic-racial minority groups in the United States, not expecting that our findings would be gender-driven. We ...

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5. Areas of Agreement

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pp. 95-110

As in all social relationships, there are issues that provoke disagreement and issues on which there is consensus. Conflict can be so severe that it prevents relationships from continuing or even forming. Fortunately, this is not the situation for Hispanics and African Americans in ...

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6. Prospects for Black-Brown Relations

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pp. 111-132

The 2000 U.S. Census showed that the projected population growth of Hispanics to a number greater than that of African Americans had already occurred in Houston. This demographic development raises a host of Black-Brown issues, of course, many of which we examined in the previous chapters. But before we review our findings, it may be helpful to ...

References

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pp. 133-143

Index

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pp. 145-149


E-ISBN-13: 9780292798533
E-ISBN-10: 0292798539
Print-ISBN-13: 9780292752641
Print-ISBN-10: 0292752644

Page Count: 165
Illustrations: 17 tables
Publication Year: 2002

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Subject Headings

  • African Americans -- Texas -- Houston -- Relations with Hispanic Americans.
  • Hispanic Americans -- Texas -- Houston -- Social conditions.
  • Houston (Tex.) -- Social conditions.
  • African Americans -- Texas -- Houston -- Interviews.
  • Hispanic Americans -- Texas -- Houston -- Interviews.
  • African Americans -- Texas -- Houston -- Ethnic identity.
  • Hispanic Americans -- Texas -- Houston -- Ethnic identity.
  • Houston (Tex.) -- Ethnic relations.
  • Stereotypes (Social psychology) -- United States -- Case studies.
  • United States -- Ethnic relations -- Case studies.
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