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The Gardens of Sallust

A Changing Landscape

By Kim J. Hartswick

Publication Year: 2004

Pleasure gardens, or horti, offered elite citizens of ancient Rome a retreat from the noise and grime of the city, where they could take their leisure and even conduct business amid lovely landscaping, architecture, and sculpture. One of the most important and beautiful of these gardens was the Horti Sallustiani, originally developed by the Roman historian Sallust at the end of the first century B.C. and later possessed and perfected by a series of Roman emperors. Though now irrevocably altered by two millennia of human history, the Gardens of Sallust endure as a memory of beauty and as a significant archaeological site, where fragments of sculpture and ruins of architecture are still being discovered. In this ambitious work, Kim Hartswick undertakes the first comprehensive history of the Gardens of Sallust from Roman times to the present, as well as its influence on generations of scholars, intellectuals, and archaeologists. He draws from an astonishing array of sources to reconstruct the original dimensions and appearance of the gardens and the changes they have undergone at specific points in history. Hartswick thoroughly discusses the architectural features of the garden and analyzes their remains. He also studies the sculptures excavated from the gardens and discusses the subjects and uses of many outstanding examples.

Published by: University of Texas Press

Title Page, Copyright Page

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-x

This study has been in the making for a number of years, and I have been fortunate to be able to pursue most of my research in Rome. The George Washington University offered me financial assistance through the University Facility Fund to spend part of the summer of 1994 in Rome, and in 1998 I was a Resident of the American Academy in Rome for ten weeks. It was...

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Introduction

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pp. xi-xii

Readers interested in horticulture will be greatly disappointed because although this study deals with one of the most beautiful of ancient garden estates in Rome, a discussion of the plantings forms only a minor part. This situation is not only because the author is not a horticulturist (in fact, does not even have a “green...

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Part I. Topography and History

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pp. 1-30

In antiquity, a valley, at least twenty-two meters deep, lay between the more gradual slope of the Quirinal at the south, and perhaps the steeper slopes of the Pincio at the north (i.e., Figs. 2.3 [Pincio] and 2.4 [Quirinal]). At the floor of this valley ran a stream, known in modern parlance as the Acqua Sallustiana...

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Part II. The Architecture of the Gardens

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pp. 31-82

Because of the massive building operations in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, there is little remaining of ancient structures or monuments that once were part of the gardens of Sallust. The scarcity of such remains, of course, makes those still visible, or securely recorded, all the more valuable as topographical...

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Part III. Sculptural Finds

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pp. 83-142

Numerous pieces of sculpture are reported to have been discovered in the confines of the gardens of Sallust. It would be difficult, therefore, to give a full report on each of these; however, there are a number of sculptures that deserve special attention as works of art because of issues surrounding their findspots. Many...

Addendum. The Templum Gentis Flaviae and the Three Temples of Fortune

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pp. 143-146

Afterword

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pp. 147-

Notes

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pp. 149-195

Abbreviations of Periodicals and Series

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pp. 197-198

Bibliographic Abbreviations

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pp. 199-205

Illustration Credits

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pp. 207-210

Index

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pp. 211-219


E-ISBN-13: 9780292797604
E-ISBN-10: 0292797605
Print-ISBN-13: 9780292705470
Print-ISBN-10: 0292705476

Page Count: 233
Illustrations: 115 b&w figures
Publication Year: 2004

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Subject Headings

  • Gardens, Roman -- Italy -- Rome -- History.
  • Horti Sallustiani (Rome, Italy) -- History.
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