The Great Syrian Revolt and the Rise of Arab Nationalism
Publication Year: 2005
Published by: University of Texas Press
Title Page, Copyright Page
MAPS AND ILLUSTRATIONS
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It is a pleasure to record my thanks to the people who contributed to this book. The indelible traces of wonderful teachers and friends are imprinted on each page, and the existence of this project is unimaginable to me without their help. Rashid Khalidi, Cornell Fleischer, and Beshara Doumani generously guided the dissertation from which it grew. They have long supported ...
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Arabic words have been transliterated into Latin script according to the system employed by IJMES. The diacritic ^ has been used to indicate long vowels. Ottoman Turkish words have been rendered into Latin script according to the rules of modern Turkish. Names and words reasonably familiar to the English-speaking reader have been rendered in their familiary form (for ...
CHAPTER 1. Introduction
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In late July 1922 a small group of men waited in the shade of a tree alongside a lonely road in rural southern Syria. Syria was a new country in 1922. The victorious European powers had carved it out of the defeated Ottoman Empire in the wake of the First World War in 1918. Less than two years later, in 1920, France occupied the country against the wishes of most of its ...
CHAPTER 2. The Ḥawrân Frontier
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On 19 July 1925 Druze farmers shot down a French surveillance airplane circling above their mountain home, Jabal Ḥawrân, some 100 kilometers south of Damacus.1 These were the first shots of a revolt that would last two years, beginning and ending in Jabal Ḥawrân. On the same day Druze rebels attacked french troops in the Jabal. The next day Sulṭân al-Atrash ...
CHAPTER 3. Mobilizing the Mountain
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Resistance movements emerged in various parts of the Syrian countryside on the eve of the French occupation. Though nationalist feelings and ideas were on the rise all over the country, local articulation differed from place to place. One of those places was Jabal Ḥawrân. Syrian Arab nationalism, as it evolved in Jabal Ḥawrân was inspired in part by newly ...
CHAPTER 4. Mobilizing the City
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Notices like this appeared in Damascus repeatedly during August 1925. Such appeals demonstrate the existence of a sophisticated but not necessarily widespread nationalist consciousness. Despite repeated entreaties, the notices seemed to have little effect. The language, or perhaps the medius of transmission, failed to incite Damascenes to rise against the ...
CHAPTER 5. The Spread of Rebellion
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Protests and agitation continued into September 1925 and gradually spread to all the cities of mandate Syria. Mme. Shahbandar immediately assumed the mantle of her fugitive husband and engaged in a series of meetings with the wives of exiled and jailed Damascene nationalists and with other prominent women. she organized women's marches and ...
CHAPTER 6. The Politics of Rebellion
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The bombardment of Damascus changed the direction of the uprising. The nationalist leadership of Damascus had fled abroad or to Jaban Ḥawrân. Some were in jail. Impassioned and artful appeals to patriotism and nationalism nailed to shop doors and passed from hand to hand in the bazaar stopped too. Still, the insurgency expanded every day in the region ...
CHAPTER 7. Epilogue and Conclusions
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The Great Syrian Revolt began with dramatic rebel victories, but it ended with the slow and inexorable reassertion of government control over the devastated countryside, district by district and village by village. Most of the hundreds of insurgents named and sentenced in absentia by government courts fled into exile. The truly anonymous rebel masses ...
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Page Count: 223
Illustrations: 7 b&w illus., 2 maps
Publication Year: 2005
Series Title: CMES Modern Middle East Series