Farming and Food in the Northern Sierra of Oaxaca
Publication Year: 2001
Published by: University of Texas Press
Title Page, Copyright
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Chapter 1. The Conceptual Bases of Zapotec Farming and Foodways
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The Zapotec people of Oaxaca have continuously cultivated maize, beans, squash, and other crops for more than 5,000 years. Evidence strongly indicates that their ancient Mesoamerican ancestors domesticated maize from a wild grass and that its propagation and improvement required a level of...
Chapter 2. Locating Talea: Geography, History, and Cultural Contexts
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Contextualizing Talea poses a formidable task because the village, though relatively remote in some respects (it is a five-hour trip from Oaxaca City by bus), sits squarely in the world of international migration, mass communication, and global trade. The economic reliance of most Talean households on maize...
Chapter 3. The Craft of the Campesino: Measures, Implements, and Artifacts
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Talean campesinos make use of many implements,methods, and measures, some dating to the prehispanic period, others (with Old World roots) to the colonial and postcolonial eras.Here I examine some of the most important in order to set the stage for an analysis of maize, sugarcane, and coffee...
Chapter 4. "Maize Has a Soul": RincÃ³n Zapotec Notions of Living Matter
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In the mid-twentieth century North American development agents, in partnership with their â€˜â€˜Third Worldâ€™â€™ counterparts, exported a particular version of factory farmingâ€”based on the use of mechanized equipment, chemical fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides, and hybrid seedsâ€”to parts...
Chapter 5. From Milpa to Tortilla: Growing, Eating, and Exchanging Maize
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In this chapter the focus shifts from Zapotec conceptions of â€˜â€˜natureâ€™â€™ to the knowledges and techniques deployed by Talean campesinosâ€”that is, to their science and technology. I begin with a brief discussion of land tenure, labor arrangements, and classificatory systems employed by the Zapotec...
Chapter 6. Sweetness and Reciprociity: Sugarcane Work
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The history of sugarcane in Talea is remarkable because over the course of nearly 500 years the crop has been integrated almost seamlessly into the diets and farming routines of villagers. It is a staple food taken with literally every meal, since it is used to sweeten coffee....
Chapter 7: The Invention of "Traditional" Agriculture: The History and Meanings of Coffee
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This chapter is about the adoption and appropriation of coffee by Zapotec campesinos over the last century. History is part of the story. Nearly 1,000 years ago the crop began traveling across the globe, preceding the â€˜â€˜Columbian exchangeâ€™â€™ (Crosby 1972) of New and Old World organisms...
Chapter 8. Agriculture Unbound: Cultivating the Ground between Science Traditions
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The RincÃ³n Zapotec have incorporated new crops and techniques into their farming and dietary repertoires to improve upon a strong base of agricultural knowledge and practice. Through this process they have created a system which is neither static nor â€˜â€˜underdeveloped,â€™â€™ but rather...
Appendix A. Pronunciation of RincÃ³n Zapotec Terms
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Appendix B. Talean Food Plants
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Appendix C. Talean Livestock and Game Animals
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Appendix D. Selected Average Crop Yields
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Appendix E. Recipes
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Page Count: 342
Illustrations: 23 b&w illus., 4 line drawings, 2 maps, 9 tables
Publication Year: 2001