Writing Pancho Villa's Revolution
Rebels in the Literary Imagination of Mexico
Publication Year: 2005
Published by: University of Texas Press
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On March 6, 1913, Francisco Villa and eight followers crossed the border into Mexico from El Paso, Texas, with the aim of overthrowing the dictatorship of Gen. Victoriano Huerta. They had nine rifles and nine horses, â500 cartridges per man, two pounds of coffee, two pounds of sugar, one pound of salt.â1 By the end of that year, Villaâs forces had swelled to...
Chapter 1. The Politics of Incorporation: The Calles Era, 1925 â1935
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The Calles era, the years when Gen. Plutarco El
Chapter 2. Villa and Popular Political Subjectivity in Mariano Azuelaâs Los de abajo
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In October 1914, physician and novelist Mariano Azuela joined the troops of Villista general JuliÃ¡n Medina in Guadalajara with the rank of colonel. âI then satisfied one of my greatest longings,â he wrote many years later, âto live together with the genuine revolutionaries, the underdogs, since until then my observations had been limited to the tedious world...
Chapter 3. Reconstructing Subaltern Perspectives in Nellie Campobelloâs Cartucho
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Few towns during the revolution saw events as bloody as those that occurred in Hidalgo del Parral, a mining center in the state of Chihuahua that was one of the gravitational centers of Villismo. In the course of ten years, Parral suffered the violence of being taken no fewer than twelve times by contending revolutionary forces.1 Its inhabitants lived...
Chapter 4. Villismo and Intellectual Authority in MartÃn Luis GuzmÃ¡nâs El Ã¡guila y la serpiente
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MartÃn Luis GuzmÃ¡nâs IconografÃa, a book of photographs published in 1987, reveals a certain attachment to Mexicoâs presidents, perhaps like no other intellectual of his generation, or since.1 To be sure, his journalistic work and political career, his literary prestige, and the fact that he lived a long life may reasonably explain the inordinate number of photographs...
Chapter 5. Soldierly Honor and Mexicanness in Rafael F. MuÃ±ozâs Â¡VÃ¡monos con Pancho Villa!
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In 1930, the literacy rate in Mexico was 34.4 percent, up from 23.1 percent in 1910.1 The increase was largely due to the expansion of public education and the literacy campaigns launched in 1921 by Jos
Chapter 6. The Battle for Pancho Villa During Cardenismo, 1935 â1940
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The Cardenista period (1935â1940) brought new life into the debate over the uncertain status of revolutionary hero Pancho Villa and his movement in the nationâs memory. The regimeâs reorientation in political matters created a space in public discourse for the reevaluation of Villaâs role in the revolution and his historical legacy. It did not overturn the...
Chapter 7. Villismoâs Legacy
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By the end of the CÃ¡rdenas presidency, in late 1940, Gen. Francisco Villa had yet to be included in the pantheon of official heroes of the Mexican Revolution, despite the presidentâs reconciliation and inclusion policy. Villaâs political and military enemies who were active in the revolutionary government, particularly in northern Mexico, apparently obstructed his...
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Page Count: 197
Publication Year: 2005