Conquistadores de la Calle
Child Street Labor in Guatemala City
Publication Year: 2008
Published by: University of Texas Press
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Anyone working on a monograph is indebted to many people for support that varies from continuous to occasional, from emotional to fi nancial. I am no exception, and indeed have relied upon the support of too many people to adequately name them all in this short space, though I shall give it a go. ...
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Rey1 is fifteen years old, and he shines shoes for a living. He’ll also repair a broken heel, restitch a bad seam, or even change the color of your shoes if you can give them to him overnight. Rey is good at what he does. He works hard, he takes his job seriously, and he’s been doing it since he was six years old. ...
Two. STREET WORK IN EL GUARDA AND 18 CALLE
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Rey begins his day at five in the morning, when he wakes up; after a quick wash, he gets himself dressed and heads off to work. If the morning is not too cold, or if he wants to save a little money, he walks the three miles from the little apartment he shares with his older brother in Zone 9 to where he works in Zone 1. ...
Three. JOBS AND INCOME OF CHILD STREET LABORERS
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Despite the myriad national and international efforts that attempt to keep children from having to work, child street labor is an omnipresent reality in the cities of the developing world and will continue to be so. Children work on the streets because the streets are a workplace full of opportunity for children who must work. ...
Four. CHILD STREET LABORERS, THEIR FAMILIES, AND THE HOUSEHOLD ECONOMY
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As I have shown, child street laborers are far from being marginal earners participating in marginal economic activities. Their earnings often exceed adult wages in the formal sector, and the jobs they perform are varied and vital to the everyday provisioning of the working poor, the vast majority of Guatemala’s citizenry. ...
Five. THE SOCIAL NATURE OF ECONOMIC SUCCESS
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Children enter into street labor because they and their families need money. But the necesidad (need) that brings children to work on the streets and the income that street labor provides do not entirely account for why some children choose to remain as street laborers or for what makes certain children successes ...
Six. CHILD STREET LABORERS AND EDUCATION
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Street labor does provide ample opportunities for an education in vending and impression management, not to mention the chance to socialize with peers and adults while at work. Yet the most damning critique of all child labor is that it denies children the opportunity for education and socialization in their most appropriate environment, ...
Seven. THE FUTURES OF CHILD STREET LABORERS
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Child street laborers abandon school because of the low quality and the high cost of public schooling, and they work because they and their families need the money. National and international legislation that aims to remedy this situation misses its mark because those who draft these laws fail to consider the quality and the conditions of local schools ...
Appendix. SUMMARY OF GUATEMALAN AND INTERNATIONAL LEGISLATIVE RESPONSES TO CHILD LABOR
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Governments and private organizations throughout the world have at varying times and to varying degrees attempted to eradicate child labor through the use of legislation. The most recent efforts toward this end have come from the International Labour Organization (ILO). ...
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Page Count: 244
Illustrations: 9 halftones, 3 maps, 9 tables
Publication Year: 2008