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Art and Archaeology of Challuabamba, Ecuador

By Terence Grieder

Publication Year: 2009

An important baseline study of ceramics and material culture in southern Ecuador, which establishes the region’s artistic and trade connections with better-known areas of the prehistoric Andes.

Published by: University of Texas Press

Title Page, Copyright

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Contents

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pp. v-

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Author's Note

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pp. vii-

This book reports the results of excavations at Challuabamba, in Ecuador, during the years 1995–2000. It brings together studies by a group of specialists working independently and cooperatively to present a view of this ancient site...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-x

The principal funding for the Challuabamba project came from research funds of the David Bruton Jr. Professorship in the History of Art at the University of Texas at Austin, augmented by substantial gifts from Dana DeBeauvoir...

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1. Introduction to the Project

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pp. 1-26

Today Challuabamba (chī-wa-bamba) is a developing suburb of Cuenca, the principal city in the southern highlands of Ecuador (Figure 1.1). The old farmsteads that once composed the village are being replaced by large suburban houses...

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2. Pottery Wares and Forms

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pp. 27-52

Ceramics have been one of the primary subjects of archaeological study in the Andean region from their Formative origin to the late spread of imperial styles. Through analysis of the geological sources of their constituent clays they can inform...

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3. Petrographic Analysis of Selected Ceramics from Two Sites in Ecuador

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pp. 53-60

Nine potsherds from the excavations at Challuabamba and two reliably reported to be from a Chorrera site in the province of Los Ríos were analyzed by the author using a Nikon Optiphot-2 petrographic microscope. The sizes...

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4. Pottery Decoration

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pp. 61-83

The most important decorative effects were achieved by the firing, which dictated surface color and hardness and affected burnish and fire-clouding. While modeling, carving and incision, brushing, painting, and differential burnishing...

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5. Pottery Comparisons

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pp. 84-96

While knowledge of the technical history of Ecuador and Peru in ancient times is still far from complete, it is already clear that knowledge and skills were being shared between communities over long distances. Pottery vessels and other ceramic products provide some...

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6. Effigy Vessels and Figurines

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pp. 97-110

When we lay out the figurines, effigy vessels, and effigy attachments to vessels according to their stratigraphic locations, it becomes apparent that certain features of form and style cluster at different stratigraphic levels...

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7. Stamps and Seals

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pp. 111-127

Among the most interesting items of ceramic art at Challuabamba are the pieces bearing deeply carved designs. They are found in a variety of forms: flat stamps, large hollow circular forms which have been called...

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8. Stone and Shell

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pp. 128-140

There is no question that the working of stone preceded the making of ceramics, but in our excavations the ancient art of stone toolmaking is very rare: two ground stone axes, one possible fragment of a small ground stone saw...

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9. The Burials and Their Offerings

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pp. 141-158

Seven undisturbed burials were discovered in Cuts 2 and 3, numbered in the order of their discovery. Despite the damp climate, these seven were sufficiently complete for study; and a few bones were solid enough...

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10. Human Remains

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pp. 159-164

Excavations at the site of Challuabamba in the highlands of southern Ecuador produced human remains which appear to have originated from primary articulated burials in levels dated by radiocarbon between...

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11. Zooarchaeology

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pp. 165-206

The collection of 6,060 archaeofaunal specimens recovered from Challuabamba between 1995 and 2000 is one of the largest recorded zooarchaeological assemblages from the highlands of southern Ecuador and extreme...

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12. Reconstructing Challuabamba’s History

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pp. 207-218

Despite having no trace of ruins on the surface, the site named for the village of Challuabamba has been a focus of study for many years and the subject of various theories on its cultural connections. This chapter considers...

Index

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pp. 219-221


E-ISBN-13: 9780292793712
E-ISBN-10: 0292793715
Print-ISBN-13: 9780292718920
Print-ISBN-10: 0292718926

Page Count: 241
Illustrations: 10 color and 120 b&w illus.
Publication Year: 2009