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Dinarchus, Hyperides, and Lycurgus

Translated by Ian Worthington, Craig Cooper, and Edward M. Harris

Publication Year: 2001

This is the fifth volume in the Oratory of Classical Greece. This series presents all of the surviving speeches from the late fifth and fourth centuries B.C. in new translations prepared by classical scholars who are at the forefront of the discipline. These translations are especially designed for the needs and interests of today’s undergraduates, Greekless scholars in other disciplines, and the general public. Classical oratory is an invaluable resource for the study of ancient Greek life and culture. The speeches offer evidence on Greek moral views, social and economic conditions, political and social ideology, law and legal procedure, and other aspects of Athenian culture that have been largely ignored: women and family life, slavery, and religion, to name just a few. This volume combines the surviving speeches of three orators who stand at the end of the classical period. Dinarchus was not an Athenian, but he was called on to write speeches in connection with a corruption scandal (the Harpalus affair) that put an end to the career of Demosthenes. His speeches thus raise many of the vital issues surrounding the Macedonian conquest of Athens and the final years of Athenian democracy. Hyperides was an important public figure who was involved in many of the events described by Dinarchus and Lycurgus. His speeches open a window into many interesting facets of Athenian life. Lycurgus was one of the leading politicians in Athens during the reign of Alexander the Great and put Athenian public finances on a more secure footing. He was also a deeply religious man, who tried to revive Athenian patriotism after the crushing defeat at Chaeronea.

Published by: University of Texas Press

Series: The Oratory of Classical Greece

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. v-vi


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pp. vii-viii

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Series Introduction: Greek Oratory

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pp. ix-xxviii

From as early as Homer (and undoubtedly much earlier) the Greeks placed a high value on effective speaking. Even Achilles, whose greatness was primarily established on the battlefield, was brought up to be ‘‘a speaker of words and a doer of deeds’’ (Iliad 9.443); and...


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Introduction to Dinarchus

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pp. 3-10

Dinarchus, the son of Sostratus, was born in Corinth in about 361/0.1 He moved to Athens, by then the leading city for the study of rhetoric, when he was relatively young. This was probably a little before 338, for he fought at the battle of Chaeronea, at which a combined..

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1. Against Demosthenes

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pp. 11-44

The speech against Demosthenes is Dinarchus’ only complete speech, though even it has three minor lacunae at chapters 33/34, 64, and 82. Like the other two speeches, it was written for a trial in the notorious Harpalus affair (on which see the Introduction to...

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2. Against Aristogeiton

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pp. 45-52

For the historical background, see the Introduction to Dinarchus. Aristogeiton was a minor orator and perhaps a descendant of the famous sixth-century tyrannicide of the same name, who in 514, along with Harmodius, had been responsible for murdering the tyrant Hipparchus...

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3. Against Philocles

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pp. 53-58

For the historical background to this trial, see the Introduction to Dinarchus. Philocles was the general who had been charged by the Assembly with refusing Harpalus entry into Athens when he had first fled from Alexander the Great. Philocles obeyed this directive, but...


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Introduction to Hyperides

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pp. 61-68

Hyperides, son of Glaucippus, of the deme Collytes was born in the year 389/8.1 According to tradition, as a young man he studied under Plato and Isocrates, and since such education was expensive, we can assume that he came from a family of considerable means. Hyperides...

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1. In Defense of Lycophron

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pp. 69-79

The papyri that contain the oration In Defense of Lycophron supply only the title but no author; but ancient references to and paraphrases of a speech by that title by Hyperides assures us of its authenticity. The preserved fragments each correspond to a new column of the...

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2. Against Philippides

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pp. 80-86

The title and author’s name are not preserved in the papyrus, but a speech by Hyperides against Philippides is known from Athenaeus (12.552d), who quotes one line from it (Fr. 15b). The papyrus itself is extremely fragmentary; a few passages remain from the first part of the...

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3. Against Athenogenes

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pp. 87-101

This speech was noted by ancient critics particularly for its artistic merits, and what remains of it certainly does not disappoint. It shows that gift of characterization, wit, and charm that made Hyperides famous. (See the Introduction to Hyperides.) But the speech that has...

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4. On Behalf of Euxenippus

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pp. 102-114

This is the only complete speech of Hyperides we have. It is found on the same papyrus that contains the speech of Lycophron, but again the name of the author is not preserved. In fact, no speech by that title under the name of Hyperides has come down to us from antiquity...

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5. Against Demosthenes

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pp. 115-127

This speech was preserved on the same papyrus onwhich wefind the first four fragments of In Defense of Lycophron. Although the speech itself is very fragmentary, substantial portions remain from the proem (1–7),1 the prothesis (7– 8), the narrative (8 –14), and the peroration...

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6. The Funeral Oration

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pp. 128-136

In 322 Hyperides was selected to deliver the funeral oration over the Athenian dead in the Lamian War. He was the natural choice: Demosthenes was still in exile; Demades, who had earlier been convicted of accepting bribes from Harpalus and later fined for proposing...

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pp. 137-152

Aristagora is likely the same woman who, according to tradition, was a mistress of Hyperides (Pseudo-Plut., Moralia 849d). If this is true, it is strange to find him prosecuting her in court, though it is possible that Hyperides did not deliver the speech himself but composed...


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Introduction to Lycurgus

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pp. 155-158

Lycurgus, the son of Lycophron, was one of the most influential Athenian politicians in the period between the Athenian defeat at Chaeronea in 338 and the death of Alexander the Great in 323.1 Despite his importance, relatively little is known about his life. He was...

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1. Against Leocrates

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pp. 159-203

The facts of the case appear to be simple and straightforward. After their defeat at Chaeronea in late 338, the Athenians were terrified that Philip would soon invade Attica and passed several emergency measures (16; cf. 36, 39– 42). During the crisis, Leocrates sailed to Rhodes...

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pp. 204-218

The ancient lexicon called the Suda lists the titles of fourteen speeches attributed to Lycurgus, but the Life of Lycurgus says there were fifteenspeeches attributed to him. Harpocration gives the titles of fourteenspeeches by Lycurgus, one of which (Against Aristogeiton)...


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pp. 219-226

E-ISBN-13: 9780292786615
E-ISBN-10: 0292786611
Print-ISBN-13: 9780292791428
Print-ISBN-10: 0292791429

Page Count: 254
Publication Year: 2001

Series Title: The Oratory of Classical Greece

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Subject Headings

  • Lycurgus, ca. 390-ca. 324 B.C. -- Translations into English.
  • Hyperides -- Translations into English.
  • Dinarchus -- Translations into English.
  • Speeches, addresses, etc., Greek -- Translations into English.
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