I Ask for Justice
Maya Women, Dictators, and Crime in Guatemala, 1898–1944
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: University of Texas Press
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Title Page, Copyright Page
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Illustrations, Maps, and Tables
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Prologues like this can be rhetorical obstacles to reach the substance of the book they intend to open. Brevity, therefore, is the greatest virtue of such exercises. Th e reader may skip these pages and come back to them after reading the book or read them now before plunging into the fascinating his-tory that follows. My goals are simply to suggest some general conclusions ...
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As I was researching and writing this book, my daughters, Ava and Kate, were born. I want to thank them fi rst and foremost. Although they un-doubtedly slowed my progress on this project by enriching my life with their antics, laughter, and questions, they constantly, if unwittingly, reminded me that the historical actors about whom I was writing had far fuller lives than ...
Introduction. Justice, Ethnicity, and Gender in Twentieth-Century Guatemala
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When ladinos pray, they ask for miracles. When Indians pray, they ask for justice.When Pedro Coroy shot his wife, Lorenza Pata, in their Santa Cruz Ba-lanya home in 1913, local authorities quickly investigated the incident and prosecuted Coroy. Although the couple would have preferred the episode be forgotten, the thirty-three-year-old, illiterate jornalero (day or wage laborer) ...
1. Dictators, Indígenas, and the Legal System: Intersections of Race and Crime
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More than any other institutionâincluding schools and the militaryâcourts were where competing views of nation, identity, and citizenship were contested. Although some historians have argued that early twentieth- century courts were illegitimate and anemic,Â¹ my study indicates otherwise. As one of the few venues that facilitated the integration of indÃgenas and ...
2. “Rough and Thorny Terrain”: Moonshine, Gender, and Ethnicity
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On December 3, 1932, authorities in Quetzaltenango discovered a clandes-tine still that was producing 250 bottles of aguardiente a day in the Admi-nistraciÃ³n de Rentas (Treasury Administration) building. Remarkably, this was not the fi rst such oï¬ ense. Perhaps surmising that such production was best disguised in the entrails of the very institution that was most concerned ...
3. “Productive Activity”: Female Vendors and Ladino Authorities in the Market
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When a regidor caught Isabel Bajxac âmonopolizingâ fruit and other goods en cantidad mayor (wholesale) in the San MartÃn plaza early on the morning of February 11, 1935, the forty-eight-year-old, illiterate, indigenous ven-dor claimed she was unaware of the law restricting such sales to the after-noon.Â¹ A few months later, when the regidor arrested Bajxac for the same ...
4. Unnatural Mothers and Reproductive Crimes: Infanticide, Abortion, and Cross-Dressing
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Th e National Police and other authorities approached infanticide and abor-tion as crimes against motherhood, refl ecting rhetoric elsewhere in Latin America, while highland women put fathers and husbands on trial for these acts. Of the fi fteen cases of infanticide and abortion in the department of Chimaltenango from 1900 to 1925,Â¹ nine of the defendants were males and ...
5. Wives in Danger and Dangerous Women: Domestic and Female Violence
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When the âMacheteador de Mujeresâ struck in May 1931 (fi gure 5.1), the police described one of his victims as âa woman of indigenous race, with various grave injuries on the right side of her face and neck, similar to the way the forearms and hands were horribly slashed. It was clear that all the injuries had been caused by a machete.âÂ¹ Th e nickname and press cover-...
6. Honorable Subjects: Public Insults, Family Feuds, and State Power
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To read Guatemalan criminal records from the fi rst half of the twentieth century, one gets the impression that highlandersâindÃgenas and ladinos alikeâwere both extremely foul-mouthed and excessively sensitive. Defa-mation and slander cases consumed an inordinate amount of the municipal legal systemâs time, and many such exchanges never made it to the courts. ...
Conclusion. Emboldened and Constrained
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Th e legal system and particularly criminal litigation reveal much about the governments under which they operated. To encourage the populace to em-brace the mantra of order and progress, dictatorial governments in Guate-mala engendered a desire for order by creating threats of disorder. Decrying and criminalizing the methods and in some cases even the very existence ...
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Note: I adhered to the spellings (e.g., Tecpam) and classiï¬ cations (e.g., Indio) in the 1893 census.Note: I adhered to the spellings (e.g., Tecpam) and classiï¬ cations (e.g., Indio) in the 1921 census.Ebriedad 5,347 4,596 5,170 25,335 18,987 8,818 6,905 6,974 7,697Appendix 3. Selected crimes, Guatemala, 1899â 1900, 1927â 1944â36 â37 â38 â39 â40 â41 â42 â43 â44 â32â â44 Total...
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Page Count: 363
Illustrations: 31 photos, 2 maps, 14 tables
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: Louann Atkins Temple Women & Culture Series