New Dynamics of Mining, Oil, and Gas in Latin America
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: University of Texas Press
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Title Page, Copyright Page
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Preface and Acknowledgments
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This book is the product of interlinked networks and many years of research. One of these networks grows out of discussions about natural resources and development that occurred at the University of Colorado- Boulder in the late 1990s and early 2000s. Tony Bebbington, Jeff Bury, Tom Perreault, and Denise Humphreys Bebbington were each part of these discussions, as were ...
1. Political Ecologies of the Subsoil (Anthony Bebbington and Jeffrey Bury)
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If the 2009 box- of_f_ice hit Avatar showed anything, it was that the political ecology of the subsoil can make for great commercial success. Indeed, the f_ilm has it all. At a macropolitical economy level, it deals with resource wars (cf. Le Billon 2008); the interactions between (galactic) commodity chains and territorial dynamics (cf. Bridge 2008); extraction, dispossession, and the via-...
2. New Geographies of Extractive Industries in Latin America (Jeffrey Bury and Anthony Bebbington)
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Shortly after midnight on Friday, October 12, 1492, Christopher Columbus and his expeditionary force of three ships f_irst hove into view of the land-scapes of the Americas. The next morning the expedition made landfall on a small island in the Bahamas where Columbus claimed the lands for the Spanish Crown.one.super When the many inhabitants of the island approached them, ...
3. Nature and Nation: Hydrocarbons, Governance, and the Territorial Logicsof “Resource Nationalism” in Bolivia (Tom Perreault)
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Oil seems always to invoke a spatial lexicon in which the nation figures prominently. To the extent that oil production is located on lands populated by minorities, territorial disputes are inevitably It has been more than a decade since Bridge (2001) critiqued the fin- de- siècle resource triumphalism that celebrated the apparently endless abundance ...
4. Rocks, Rangers, and Resistance: Mining and Conservation Frontiers in the Cordillera Huayhuash, Peru (Jeffrey Bury and Timothy Norris)
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The Inca . . . treasury in Cuzco consist[ed] of three chambers of gold, five of silver and one hundred thousand lumps of gold taken from the mines, each one weighing fifty castellanos.one.super In all these provinces there are many frAnC.smcpiS.smcpC.smcpo X.smcpErES.smcp, C.smcpAJAmArC.smcpA, P.smcpEru, 1532On 5 January 1533, Hernando Pizarro set out from the city of Cajamarca ...
5. Water for Gold: Confronting State and Corporate Mining Discourses in Azuay, Ecuador (Jennifer Moore and Teresa Velásquez)
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JEnnifEr moorE And tErES.smcpA V.smcpEL.smcpAacute.smcpS.smcpQ.smcpuEZ.smcpBelievers say, God intentionally put gold next to water as a test for human beings to see whether they would choose life or death. One’s left with the impression that we’ve fallen into temptation and that we’re bringing about our own death.fAthEr tEodoro dEL.smcpgAdo, AftEr A triP.smcp to thE hEAdW.smcpAtErS.smcp ...
6. Territorial Transformations in El Pangui, Ecuador: Understanding How Mining Conflict Affects Territorial Dynamics, Social Mobilization, and Daily Life (Ximena S. Warnaars)
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The lush green mountain range of the Cordillera del Cóndor lies in the very southeast of Ecuador. With its valleys and steep cliffs covered by the dense cloud forest air, the Cordillera has become host to mines of various forms and guises. In the 1990s, these mountains were covered in landmines placed by the military during the war with Peru. Today, in these same mountains, ...
7. Hydrocarbon Conflicts and Indigenous Peoples in the Peruvian Amazon: Mobilization and Negotiation Along the Río Corrientes (Anthony Bebbington and Martin Scurrah)
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The Peruvian Amazon was the scene of signif_icant mobilization and violence during the 2000s, with concerns over extractive industries at the very heart of these conf_licts. As indigenous people and others have questioned the Peru-vian government’s efforts to expand the hydrocarbon frontier, perhaps their most frequent point of reference has been the experience of oil extraction in ...
8. Synergistic Impacts of Gas and Mining Development in Bolivia’s Chiquitanía: The Significance of Analytical Scale (Derrick Hindery)
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This chapter sets out to contribute to the growing body of literature on the political ecology of extractive industries by analyzing synergistic environmen-tal and social impacts arising from gas and mining development in Bolivia’s eastern lowlands. I use the term synergistic to refer to impacts generated by linkages between different forms of resource exploitation, particularly natural ...
9. Natural Resources in the Subsoil and Social Conflicts on the Surface: Perspectives on Peru’s Subsurface Political Ecology (Julio C. Postigo, Mariana Montoya, and Kenneth R. Young)
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It is commonly understood that subsurface natural resources such as minerals and petroleum are owned, controlled, and utilized in ways that are funda-mentally different than other kinds of natural resources found on the Earth’s surface at the same location. In most countries, the state owns the subsoil and can designate exploration and exploitation rights to other entities such as pri-...
10. Anatomies of Conflict: Social Mobilization and New Political Ecologies of the Andes (Anthony Bebbington, Denise Humphreys Bebbington, Leonith Hinojosa, María-Luisa Burneo, and Jeffrey Bury)
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In this chapter, we discuss f_indings from a large- scale comparative research program studying the relationships between socioenvironmental conf_licts, territorial dynamics, and development in areas affected by the expansion of extractive industry investment in Bolivia, Ecuador, and Peru. The program was prompted by investment trends, discussed in this volume, and more so ...
11. Conclusions (Anthony Bebbington, Jeffrey Bury, and Emily Gallagher)
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In Chapter 1 of this book we made several strong claims regarding the rela-tionships between the subsoil and Latin American political economy as well as the relationships between the subsoil and political ecology. We argued that since the early 1990s, the extraction of subsoil resources in Latin America has taken on forms that are fundamentally different from those of earlier peri-...
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Page Count: 361
Illustrations: 8 photos, 11 maps, 24 charts/graphs, 7 tables
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: Peter T. Flawn Series in Natural Resource Management and Conservation