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Subterranean Struggles

New Dynamics of Mining, Oil, and Gas in Latin America

Edited by Anthony Bebbington and Jeffrey Bury

Publication Year: 2013

Blending perspectives from geography and political ecology, this pioneering essay collection probes the recent resurgence of global investment in mineral and hydrocarbon extraction in Latin America, examining the environmental and social consequences through a transdisciplinary lens.

Published by: University of Texas Press

Cover

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p. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright Page

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pp. 2-5

Contents

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pp. v-vi

Abbreviations

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pp. vii-xii

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Preface and Acknowledgments

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pp. xiii-xvi

If the 2009 box-office hit Avatar showed anything, it was that the political ecology of the subsoil can make for great commercial success. Indeed, the film has it all. At a macropolitical economy level, it deals with resource wars (cf. Le Billon 2008); the interactions between (galactic) commodity chains and territorial dynamics (cf. Bridge 2008); ...

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1. Political Ecologies of the Subsoil

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pp. 1-26

If the 2009 box-office hit Avatar showed anything, it was that the political ecology of the subsoil can make for great commercial success. Indeed, the film has it all. At a macropolitical economy level, it deals with resource wars (cf. Le Billon 2008); the interactions between (galactic) commodity chains and territorial dynamics (cf. Bridge 2008); ...

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2. New Geographies of Extractive Industries in Latin America

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pp. 27-66

Shortly after midnight on Friday, October 12, 1492, Christopher Columbus and his expeditionary force of three ships first hove into view of the landscapes of the Americas. The next morning the expedition made landfall on a small island in the Bahamas where Columbus claimed the lands for the Spanish Crown.1 ...

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3. Nature and Nation: Hydrocarbons, Governance, and the Territorial Logics of “Resource Nationalism” in Bolivia

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pp. 67-90

It has been more than a decade since Bridge (2001) critiqued the fin-de-siècle resource triumphalism that celebrated the apparently endless abundance of natural resources and the simultaneous dematerialization of the economy. Closely linked to the neoliberal market triumphalism that heralded the end of history (Fukuyama 1992), ....

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4. Rocks, Rangers, and Resistance: Mining and Conservation Frontiers in the Cordillera Huayhuash, Peru

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pp. 91-118

On 5 January 1533, Hernando Pizarro set out from the city of Cajamarca on the first European encounter with Incan civilization in Central Peru. The Spaniards had just captured the Inca emperor, Atahualpa, who promised, in a story widely known to history, to pay them a fabulous ransom of gold and silver for his release (Markham 1872). ...

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5. Water for Gold: Confronting State and Corporate Mining Discourses in Azuay, Ecuador

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pp. 119-148

Occasional towns break up the otherwise green corridor of banana plantations that line the Pan-American Highway demarcating the limits of the rural parish of Tenguel, in the province of Guayas, Ecuador. Producers ship tens of thousands of boxes of the familiar yellow fruit from nearby ports every month. ...

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6. Territorial Transformations in El Pangui, Ecuador: Understanding How Mining Conflict Affects Territorial Dynamics, Social Mobilization, and Daily Life

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pp. 149-172

The lush green mountain range of the Cordillera del Cóndor lies in the very southeast of Ecuador. With its valleys and steep cliffs covered by the dense cloud forest air, the Cordillera has become host to mines of various forms and guises. In the 1990s, these mountains were covered in landmines placed by the military during the war with Peru. ...

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7. Hydrocarbon Conflicts and Indigenous Peoples in the Peruvian Amazon: Mobilization and Negotiation Along the Río Corrientes

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pp. 173-196

The Peruvian Amazon was the scene of significant mobilization and violence during the 2000s, with concerns over extractive industries at the very heart of these conflicts. As indigenous people and others have questioned the Peruvian government’s efforts to expand the hydrocarbon frontier, perhaps their most frequent point of reference has been the experience of oil extraction ...

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8. Synergistic Impacts of Gas and Mining Development in Bolivia’s Chiquitanía: The Significance of Analytical Scale

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pp. 197-222

This chapter sets out to contribute to the growing body of literature on the political ecology of extractive industries by analyzing synergistic environmental and social impacts arising from gas and mining development in Bolivia’s eastern lowlands. I use the term synergistic to refer to impacts generated by linkages between different forms of resource exploitation, ...

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9. Natural Resources in the Subsoil and Social Conflicts on the Surface: Perspectives on Peru’s Subsurface Political Ecology

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pp. 223-240

It is commonly understood that subsurface natural resources such as minerals and petroleum are owned, controlled, and utilized in ways that are fundamentally different than other kinds of natural resources found on the Earth’s surface at the same location. In most countries, the state owns the subsoil and can designate exploration and exploitation rights to other entities ...

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10. Anatomies of Conflict: Social Mobilization and New Political Ecologies of the Andes

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pp. 241-266

In this chapter, we discuss findings from a large-scale comparative research program studying the relationships between socioenvironmental conflicts, territorial dynamics, and development in areas affected by the expansion of extractive industry investment in Bolivia, Ecuador, and Peru. ...

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11. Conclusions

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pp. 267-288

In Chapter 1 of this book we made several strong claims regarding the relationships between the subsoil and Latin American political economy as well as the relationships between the subsoil and political ecology. We argued that since the early 1990s, the extraction of subsoil resources in Latin America has taken on forms that are fundamentally different from those of earlier periods, ...

Bibliography

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pp. 289-326

Contributors

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pp. 327-332

Index

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pp. 333-343


E-ISBN-13: 9780292748637
E-ISBN-10: 0292748639
Print-ISBN-13: 9780292748620
Print-ISBN-10: 0292748620

Page Count: 361
Illustrations: 8 photos, 11 maps, 24 charts/graphs, 7 tables
Publication Year: 2013

Series Title: Peter T. Flawn Series in Natural Resource Management and Conservation