The Ecology of the Barí
Rainforest Horticulturalists of Latin America
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: University of Texas Press
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Title Page, Copyright Page
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This is not the preface I originally wrote. The manuscript for this book was f_inished, except for the concluding chapter and a few f_inal entries in the bibliography. The maps had been done and redone. The tables were at last formatted correctly. I began the preface by saying that Roberto Liza-rralde and I hoped the current book on the ecology of the Barí would be ...
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The Barí are a group of native South Americans who live in the rain for-ests of Colombia and Venezuela. They are known in Spanish as the Moti-lón Indians, or simply the Motilones, and their land is sometimes called Motilonia. This book is about them and what the study of their culture Anthropology at base is about the variability of human nature, about ...
2. Physical Environment
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Many of the particulars of the Barí natural environment derive from two general characteristics of its location: a northern tropical latitude and a landscape marked by mountain ranges on the south and west. From these features descends a string of consequences displaying two patterns, one temporal and one spatial. Temporally, this environment is marked by bi-...
3. Social Environment and Ethnohistory
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All human groups relate to a natural environment of land and climate, f_lora and fauna, and to a social environment of other peoples. As de-scribed in chapter 2, the natural environment of the Barí seems to have been fairly constant over the last millennium or so. It has always presented daily f_luctuations and seasonal changes, but over time the rain forest has ...
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The natural environment is always a place of variable food availability. A major issue for subsistence economy human populations is stabilizing the The f_ield of human ecology has been criticized for its excessive em-phasis on how populations achieve and/or maintain homeostasis, and the point is in general well taken. Human beings do not as a rule maintain ...
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Obtaining an adequate, regular supply of nutrients is necessary but not suf_f_icient for the maintenance and reproduction of life. The world is full of dangers—and the tropical rain forest has its share, some of which are illustrated in Tótubi’s biography in chapter 1. Every society owns a set of strategies whereby its members try to protect themselves and their loved ...
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If it is true that people, like all organisms, take in nutrients and defend themselves from dangers in order to live, in the ultimate biological sense they live in order to reproduce. The Barí, like all peoples, reproduce largely in the context of the peculiar human institution of marriage. To the ordinary anthropological understanding of marriage they add a sys-...
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After our examination of the ecology of the Barí, concentrating on their practices in production, protection, and reproduction, there remained the task of putting these matters in wider perspective. Several points of views might have been appropriate. The most obvious was ethnographic com-parison. Two possibilities presented themselves in this connection. We ...
Appendix. Additional Data on Barí Horticulture
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Page Count: 291
Illustrations: 4 photos, 8 maps, 9 charts/graphs, 20 tables
Publication Year: 2013