Medicine and the Saints
Science, Islam, and the Colonial Encounter in Morocco, 1877-1956
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: University of Texas Press
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Title Page, Copyright
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...asked me to write the foreword to her book about the history of the health This extensively researched work is a veritable mine of information for us and for the generations to come. It constitutes, henceforth, the authori-tative reference on the subject. It permits us to understand the evolution of the Moroccan health service, its strengths and its weaknesses, and its im-...
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...and I would like to express my gratitude to those who aided me on the At the University of Pennsylvania, I would like to thank Steven Feier-man, who opened my eyes to health and healing in Africa and showed me how to listen for missing voices. I would also like to thank Lynn Hunt, Lee Cassanelli, Lynn Lees, Achille Mbembe, Barbara von Schlegell, and ...
Introduction. Colonial Embodiments
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...by a Muslim mob in the Moroccan city of Marrakesh. After clubbing him to death and crushing his head, the crowd dragged the naked corpse of Dr. Émile Mauchamp by the neck through the city streets on a rope. This gruesome spectacle served as the pretext for the French invasion of Oujda in 1907 and the establishment of a French protectorate in Morocco ...
1. Healing the Body, Healing the Umma: Sufi Saints and God’s Law in a Corporeal City of Virtue
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...popular fez song, referring to the shrine of mawlay yahalfringleftsuperscriptqub After a failed rev.scolt against the Sahalfringleftsuperscriptdiyyan sultan halfringleftsuperscriptAbdallah II (ruled 1613– 1623), the city of Fez feared his vengeance and sent two mad saints (majdhubin) to intercede on its behalf with the enraged ruler. When the sultan received the two emissaries, Sidi Jallul bin al-Haj and Sidi ...
2. Medicine and the Mission Civilisatrice: A Civilizing Science and the French Sociology of Islam in Algeria and Morocco, 1830–1912
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...announced a revolutionary position: Islam killed science, “Islamism and science . . . The ambivalence contained in these words: Arab science, Arab philosophy, Arab Art, Muslim science, Muslim civilization. In killing sci-ence, Islam killed itself and condemned itself to a complete inferiority in the world.”1 The Third Republic (1870– 1940), the moment when the ...
3. The Many Deaths of Dr. Émile Mauchamp: Contested Sovereignties and Body Politics at the Court of the Sultans, 1877–1912
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...to death outside his clinic in the city of Marrakesh. This spectacular mur-der served as the offi cial pretext for a French military invasion of the city of Oujda in 1907 and the creation of a French protectorate in Morocco in 1912. The French ambassador to Morocco, Henri Regnault, eulogized the doctor as a martyr to France’s civilizing mission, “the evolution of peo-...
4. Frédéric Le Play in Morocco? The Paradoxes of French Hygiene and Colonial Association in the Moroccan City, 1912–1937
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...veret remarked that “certain bakers whose ovens are located a distance from the place of sale have natives who are dirty and often infected with sickness transport the breads. I saw a Jew with conjunctivitis carrying breads in his arms such that pus from his eyes was spreading across the bread.”1 Haj Masgini, a Muslim member of the Municipal Hygiene Bu-...
5. Harem Medicine and the Sleeping Child: Law, Traditional Pharmacology, and the Gender of Medical Authority
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In 1921, the editors of the premier journal of French medicine in Morocco, Maroc médical, complained to their readers that the Muslim Moroccan matron undermined the French doctor: “[She is] known to be hostile to us and to put pressure on the patient to turn from our orders to her own remedies—leg of frog or earth from the cemetery.”1 To discover ...
6. A Midwife to Modernity: The Biopolitics of Colonial Welfare and Birthing a Scientific Moroccan Nation, 1936-1956
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Roger Maneville interviewed 167 traditional Muslim midwives (qablat) to determine their suitability for the “veritable corps of Moroccan mid-wives” planned for native women by the protectorate health service, with “modern ideas of hygiene and pediatrics.”1 It is unsurprising that the re-port rejected the Muslim qabla as dangerous—obstetricians in Europe ...
Epilogue. Epistemologies Embodied: Islam, France, and the Postcolonial
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In 1999, I interv.sciewed elderly Moroccan patients at a public health clinic in the Lamtiyyin neighborhood, a working-class area in the tra-ditional city (madina) of Fez. “Do you want to meet a real hero?” asks Mawlay halfringleftsuperscriptAli, in his seventies. “My mother is ninety-fi ve years old, and she gave birth by herself.” I became a frequent guest at the home of his ...
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Page Count: 350
Illustrations: 47 photos, 1 table
Publication Year: 2013