Good Neighbor Cultural Diplomacy in World War II
Publication Year: 2012
Published by: University of Texas Press
Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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Productive archival research depends greatly upon the knowledge and helpfulness of library specialists, who not only train us in the art of using collections but also frequently point us to little-known treasure troves of information. Research for this book took me to more...
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Cultural diplomacy, including what Joseph S. Nye in 1990 described in slightly broader terms as “soft power,” has never been completely absent from U.S. foreign policy, though it has rarely been given major emphasis. During the period of the cold war, for example, there were occasional...
1. The Culture Industry Goes to War
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When the United States entered World War II in December 1941, most of Europe and Asia were under control of the Axis powers, and the U.S. military was small and out of date. Latin America appeared marginal to the battles being waged in Britain, North Africa, and the Pacific, but U.S. planning...
2. On Screen: The Motion Picture Division
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The popularity of 1930s Latin music in the United States was reflected in pre–World War II movies such as Flying down to Rio (Thornton Freeland, 1933), In Caliente (Lloyd Bacon, 1935), Rumba (Marion Gering, 1935), La Conga Nights (Lew Landers, 1940), and Down Argentine Way (Irving Cummings...
3. On the Air: The Radio Division
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Unlike Hollywood movies, U.S. commercial radio was far from an international industry in the years leading up to World War II, and shortwave was used primarily for receiving foreign programs (Fejes, 56, 59). That situation changed dramatically with the war and the emergence of the CIAA and other...
4. In Print: The Press and Publication Division
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Established in October 1944, the Press and Publication Division assumed the work that had been carried out under the CIAA’s Communication Division (1940–1942) and Department of Information (1942–1944). Most press activities after 1944 took place at the division headquarters in...
5. In Museums, in Libraries, and on the Home Front: The Divisions of Cultural Relations and Inter-American Affairs in the United States
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Overlapping and competing interests between the State Department’s Division of Cultural Relations and the CIAA’s Division of Cultural Relations (1940–1943), which was charged with activities in music, art, literary publications, and scholarships, resulted in an April 22, 1941, presidential...
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Despite the many surveys, questionnaires, and interviews conducted by the CIAA during the Good Neighbor years, despite all the reviews, commentaries, and letters by Latin American intellectuals or political figures who witnessed the effects of the program, and despite the extraordinarily ambitious...
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Publication Year: 2012