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Naked Truth

Strip Clubs, Democracy, and a Christian Right

By Judith Lynne Hanna

Publication Year: 2012

Taking an unprecedented, counterintuitive look at America’s conflict over sexuality, Naked Truth reveals how the attack on the exotic dance industry by the activist Christian Right threatens the separation of church and state and undermines our civil liberties .

Published by: University of Texas Press

Title Page, Copyright Page

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pp. vii-viii

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pp. ix-x

My appreciation goes to Bruce McLaughlin, a certified planner, who learned about my work on dance as nonverbal communication through listings in Books in Print and introduced me to attorney Gil Levy. They set me on an adventurous, enlightening odyssey when they asked me to be an expert court witness ...

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Prelude. Sparks Fly: Church and State Conflict

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pp. 1-17

When I saw the announcement for America’s #1 Dancer Contest at the 2005 Exotic Dancer Expo in Las Vegas, I asked the sponsor, Jerry Reid of Pure Gold clubs, what criteria the judges would use. He said that in prior years he had sponsored bikini contests without specified standards. ...

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1. Scripture and Hostility to Exotic Dance

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pp. 18-31

Today’s battle against exotic dance is as much about the belief that modern culture itself is toxic, rife with social decay, as it is about local contests over morality, taste, and decency. Exotic dance is a lightning rod for an effort to return to “traditional values” by imposing sweeping “decency standards” ...

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2. Fighting Exotic Dance: Call to War

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pp. 32-70

Notwithstanding the constraints of the First Amendment, judicial decisions, and other laws, CR-Activists speak of being at war against secular culture. “Life is not a playground,” Reverend Rusty Lee Thomas rails. “It is a war zone—a clash of ideas, philosophies, values, and worldviews. ...

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3. Target of Attack: Striptease 101 or Seduction by the Devil

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pp. 71-126

Just what is a segment of the politically active Christian Right (CR-Activists) warring against with its battle plans and its tactics of working through government, organizations, and individual foot soldiers? Exotic dance is not all “tits and ass,” as I learned. True, the very essence of adult entertainment clubs is temptation. ...

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4. Nudity, Touch, and Sex: Marginal or Mainstream?

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pp. 127-139

The exposure of flesh, bodily touch, and sexuality—what CR-Activists assail as sinful in exotic dance clubs—has a long history in mainstream society. However, the concept of modesty has changed over time for most people. For example, the amount of flesh that could be displayed has increased from the feet upward ...

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5. “Rottweilers” Lock Their Jaws: Bench Trials

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pp. 140-164

In 1996, Councilman Walter Maloney of Prince George’s County, Maryland, contacted a Christian Right organization, the National Law Center for Children and Families, known for being an adult business killer. Maloney wanted assistance in developing a proposed adult use zoning bill. ...

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6. Shooting Nude Crotches: Jury Trials

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pp. 165-183

“Public indecency” criminal charges (up to ninety days and/or a fine of seven hundred dollars) could be filed for dancing nude in the City of Cannon Falls, Goodhue County, Minnesota. This 1998 ordinance was established on the basis of Cannon Falls’s findings: “to deter criminal activity, to promote societal order and public health, and to protect children.” ...

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7. Exotic Dancers and Labor: Need to be Saved?

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pp. 184-209

The Christian Right asserts that women are tempted or forced through trafficking to work in adult cabarets, where they are abused by managers and patrons. At city or county council hearings, in courtrooms, on websites, or in publications, former dancers have testified to becoming born-again Christians, rescued from degradation and sin. ...

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8. Christian Right Claims Club Crime: Where Are the Bodies?

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pp. 210-240

Within a segment of the politically active Christian Right nationwide, Phil Burress, leader of Citizens for Community Values (CCV) in Ohio, declaims exotic dance as a “blight plaguing the community with increased crime.” He pushed through the state’s Draconian exotic dance regulations. ...

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9. Stripping Your First Amendment and More

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pp. 241-260

The month I was asked to work on my first exotic dance free speech case in Seattle, the US Supreme Court ruled against the federal government’s honorarium ban that violated my First Amendment rights (US v. National Treasury Employees Union et al., 1995). As a US Department of Education employee, ...

Appendix 1. Exotic Dance

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pp. 261

Appendix 2. Comparison

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pp. 262

Appendix 3. Exotic Dance Criteria for Serious Artistic Merit

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pp. 263

Appendix 4. Nudity in Exotic Dance

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pp. 264

Appendix 5. Messages of Physical Distance

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pp. 265

Appendix 6. Expressive Contact in Exotic Dance

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pp. 266

Appendix 7. Contact in Social Dance: Lap Dance Heritage

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pp. 267

Appendix 8. Exotic Dance Patrons

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pp. 268-269

Appendix 9. Judith Lynne Hanna’s Exotic Dance Expert Witness Court Testimony

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pp. 270-272

Appendix 10. Illustrative Jurisdictions that Attack Exotic Dance

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pp. 273-278

Appendix 11. Key Christian Right Political Activists and Revenue in the News, 1995–2010

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pp. 279-281

Appendix 12. Arsenal of a Segment of the Politically Active Christian Right

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pp. 282

Appendix 13. Reality and Myth: What Neighbors Say about Exotic Dance Clubs

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pp. 283-286

Appendix 14. Protection under the Constitution of the United States of America

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pp. 287-288


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pp. 289-296


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pp. 297-318


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pp. 319-338

E-ISBN-13: 9780292735750
E-ISBN-10: 0292735758
Print-ISBN-13: 9780292729117
Print-ISBN-10: 0292729111

Page Count: 350
Illustrations: 27 photos, 1 illus., 1 table
Publication Year: 2012

Research Areas


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Subject Headings

  • Striptease -- United States.
  • Striptease -- Social aspects -- United States.
  • Stripteasers -- United States.
  • Sex in dance -- United States.
  • Christianity and politics -- United States.
  • Dance -- Political aspects.
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