Not in Our Name
American Antiwar Speeches, 1846 to the Present
Publication Year: 2012
Published by: Penn State University Press
Title Page, Copyright
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While all errors of fact and judgment are exclusively my own, I would like to offer my most sincere thanks to all those who helped me prepare Not in Our Name. When I began this project as an undergraduate in 2003, Professor James Engell at Harvard University kindly offered thoughtful and much-needed criticism of my outlines and drafts. In 2005...
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Most of the speeches in this book are excerpted rather than given in in full; omissions are indicated by ellipses. Citations to available full-text versions of each speech are given in appendix A. The text used here is usually, but not always, the first published version, as noted in appendix A; capitalization...
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Why anthologize American antiwar speeches? Above all, the speeches contained in this anthology are important historical artifacts. They contribute to a unique understanding of the rhetorical history of America’s wars and foreign policies. To be sure, much has been written on the rhetoric of war1 and on antiwar movements,2 but a survey of the literature reveals...
1 Mexican-American War (1846–1848)
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Before the Mexican-American War broke out in 1846, the United States encompassed approximately two million square miles, from Maine in the north to Florida in the south, and west far past the Mississippi River. At the end of the war in 1848, the size of the country had increased...
2 Civil War (1861–1865)
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The single most important postrevolutionary event in American history, the Civil War ended the institution of slavery in the United States. The war began shortly after Abraham Lincoln was elected president in 1860, and lasted four years. Though Lincoln swept the Northern...
3 Spanish-American War (1898–1899)and Philippine Insurrection (1899–1902)
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The Spanish-American War and the Philippine Insurrection, two successive turn-of-thecentury conflicts, are among the smallest wars covered in this anthology in terms of American fatalities. Nevertheless, they occupy an important place in American history. More than ever before, the United States claimed to be fighting on behalf of oppressed people outside its...
4 World War I (1914–1918)
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The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, in Sarajevo on June 28, 1914, triggered a series of events culminating in the First World War. Austria declared war on Serbia in late July. Germany declared war against Russia and France in early August. At the same time, Britain declared war on Germany. Later that August, President...
5 World War II (1939–1945)
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Two decades after the Treaty of Versailles, the world was once again ensnared in total war. At its height, World War II pitted the Allied powers, including the United States, Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union against the Axis powers of Germany, Japan, and Italy. Battles were fought in Europe, North Africa, the Middle East, East Asia, and throughout...
6 Korean War (1950–1953)
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Two major world powers emerged from the Second World War: the United States and the Soviet Union. The contrasting political ideologies represented by these two regimes, democracy on the one hand and Communism on the other, would play out on the world’s stage over the next forty-five years. Indeed, it was the threat of Communism that drove U.S. postwar foreign...
7 Vietnam War (1964–1973)
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By the time Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution in 1964,1 Vietnam had already endured two decades of war. After World War II, the Vietnamese nationalist Ho Chi Minh took the opportunity to declare independence from a weakened France. France, however, refused to capitulate to Ho Chi Minh’s demands, and opted instead to fight for the colony...
8 War on Terror (2003–Present)
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On September 11, 2001, nineteen terrorists from the militant al-Qaeda network hijacked four planes in midflight. The terrorists did not intend to take hostages. Instead, they altered the planes’ flight paths and, transforming the civilian aircrafts into massive missiles, aimed them at key symbols of American military and economic strength. One plane, heading...
Epilogue: The Globalization of Dissent
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Worldwide popular opposition to the U.S. invasion of Iraq was considerable. As mentioned above, in a Gallup International Poll in January 2003 approximately half of all global interviewees said they were not in favor of military action against Iraq under any circumstances, and even if the war were first approved by the United Nations, only about one-third of those...
APPENDIX A: FULL-TEXT SOURCES
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APPENDIX B: RHETORICAL DEVICES IN ANTIWAR SPEECHES
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BIOGRAPHICAL AND BIBLIOGRAPHICAL NOTES
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Page Count: 328
Illustrations: 2 line drawings, 1 map
Publication Year: 2012
Series Editor Byline: John Smith, Will Wordsworth