In the Name of Reason
Technocrats and Politics in Chile
Publication Year: 2008
Published by: Penn State University Press
TItle Page, Copyright, Dedication
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Introduction:Technocrats and Politics in Chile
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Studies of the Chilean political system have historically been characterized by their strong emphasis on the role of political parties (Edwards and Frei 1949; Gil 1966; Garretón 1989; Scully 1992). This particular feature of Chile’s political system has brought Manuel Antonio Garretón to claim that the political parties have constituted the ‘‘backbone’’ of Chilean ...
1. Scientific Politics in Chile:The Positivist Design
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This chapter explores the intellectual foundation for the creation and expansion of technocratic groups within the Chilean government and state since the late 1920s. I intend to show that the technocratic boom experienced in Chile since the first government of Carlos Ibáñez (1927–31) was the result of an evolutionary ...
2. Pablo Ramírez and the ‘‘Administrative State’’
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After a long period of germination the intellectual and political legacy of Lastarria and Letelier found concrete expression in the turbulent 1920s when middle-class sectors came into power and launched profound reforms of the country’s political and administrative structures. This chapter focuses on the generation of a technocratic project during the ...
3. Technocrats and the Entrepreneurial State
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When scholars look at the political role played by technocrats, two main interpretations come frequently to the fore. Sometimes, the ascendancy of technocracy is regarded as being mainly the result of the technocrats’ own efforts to obtain a larger share of power and influence to the detriment of politicians and other contenders for ...
4. The Age of Global Planning
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From the mid-1960s on, the Estado de Compromiso entered into its final phase, which was characterized by growing political and ideological polarization and the adoption by most political forces of an increasingly confrontational stance. The failed attempt of Alessandri Rodr�guez to restructure the state along free market ...
5. Pinochet and the Chicago Boys
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The debate on the nature of the bureaucratic-authoritarian regimes established in the mid-1960s and early 1970s sheds much light on the close alliance crafted in those years between civilian technocrats and the military. Indeed, in countries like Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Uruguay, technocrats played a key role in administering the economy ...
6. The Emergence of a Technocratic Democracy
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The political developments in Chile since the 1990 democratic restoration provide, in my view, an excellent example of how democracy can coexist with technocratic groups occupying key positions in government. My contention here is that the present-day Chilean democracy not only ‘‘tolerates’’ the presence of technocratic groups, but that ...
7. Technocracy in Chile:Past, Present, and Future
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In this final chapter I summarize the main features of the technocratic phenomenon in Chile on the basis of the long-term historical analysis and theoretical reflections provided in the previous chapters. I will particularly focus on the continuities as well as the changes that can be observed in the political role played by Chilean technocrats ...
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Page Count: 272
Illustrations: 5 tables
Publication Year: 2008