Human Rights and Memory
Publication Year: 2010
Published by: Penn State University Press
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This book owes much to conversations with friends and colleagues. More than anything else it is the product of an ongoing exchange and research agenda that we started with Ulrich Beck in the late 1990s. Thus, the book is a constant intellectual engagement with his ideas and concepts. ...
1. The Ubiquity of Human Rights in a Cosmopolitan Age
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This excerpt from a poem by W. H. Auden, written shortly before the outbreak of World War II, is a poet’s outcry for a more humane world, for a world without cruelty. It is a poet’s wish that his words can make for a better world by displaying compassion for others. ...
2. Sociology and Human Rights
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Despite the prominence of human rights in the realm of social movement activism and the incorporation of legal mechanisms into highly institutionalized regimes, the subject of human rights remains a theoretical laggard in the sociological field (Turner 2006). ...
3. Sovereignty and Human Rights: The Hobbesian Challenge
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There is a long-standing tradition in Western political thought of differences of opinion on the relationship between rights and sovereignty. Following Hobbes and the social contract theories, and in the aftermath of the French Revolution, the debate between Thomas Paine and Edmund Burke ...
4. International Law and the Formation of Nation-States
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As we showed in chapter 3, human rights as a global issue are not, of course, a new phenomenon. Their roots can be traced back to the late eighteenth century, and the beginning of their international formalization to the late nineteenth century. However, this was neither a linear nor a predetermined process, ...
5. From Minority to Human: The Changing Face of Rights
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This chapter addresses the complex relationship between human rights, cosmopolitanism, and sovereignty through three portals: seminal historical events and concomitant memories, related articulations in intellectual controversies, and their respective implementation in the context of legal debates. ...
6. The Cold War Period: More Than One Universalism
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The third period (1949–89) reflects the impact of the cold war on the dissemination of human rights values and vice versa. The conventional story line suggests that the cold war and its ideological divisions interrupted universal interpretations and forestalled a global outlook (Gaddis 2006; Judt 2005). ...
7. The Post–Cold War Period: Globalization and the Cosmopolitan Turn
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States make injustices, and memories of injustices make the state. The championing of human rights has a long history, but a global human rights regime did not come into being until the end of the cold war. The end of ideological alliances determined by a bipolar world signaled a new phase in the formalization of the relationship between human rights NGOs and international agencies, most notably the UN. ...
8. Human Rights and the Clash of Memories: The Politics of Forgiveness
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One of the arenas in which the tensions between the universal and particular meet is that of political forgiveness. Forgiveness in this context means a new beginning, a capacity not to be determined by the past. This has become part of a universal norm in which the forgiver and the forgiven are expected to reconcile past evils for the sake of a shared future. ...
9. East Meets West: Europe and Its Others
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The most comprehensive example of countries relinquishing aspects of their sovereignty to supranational bodies is the adjudicatory authority individual states have conferred upon the European Union. The European Court of Human Rights and the European Convention on Human Rights illustrate the symbolic value and the juridical power that human rights can carry. ...
10. Human Rights and Sovereignty After 9/11
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How does an institutionalized human rights regime circumscribe sovereign politics and international relations in the context of global terrorism? As much as the end of the cold war constituted an important juncture for the consolidation of the human rights regime, the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, and their geopolitical aftermath ...
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Page Count: 192
Publication Year: 2010
Series Title: Essays on Human Rights
Series Editor Byline: Edited by Thomas Cushman