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Philosophy and Rhetoric in Dialogue

Redrawing Their Intellectual Landscape

Edited by Gerard A. Hauser

Publication Year: 2007

Philosophy and Rhetoric, one of Penn State Press’s longest-running journals, was conceived at a time of immense philosophical upheaval: rhetoric as a field of study—first dismissed by Descartes—was being reexamined after decades of neglect. Now, nearly forty years later, Philosophy and Rhetoric continues to hold pride of place in this reinvigorated discipline. The brainchild of Penn State professors Carroll Arnold and Henry Johnstone, Philosophy and Rhetoric boasts work from dozens of international luminaries from a broad spectrum of specializations. To commemorate the fortieth year of publication, current series editor Gerard Hauser assembled a volume of the journal’s most noteworthy articles, beginning with Henry Johnstone’s gem of an essay underscoring the essential relationship between the art of rhetoric and philosophy. Donald Verene elaborates that initial thesis and suggests that rhetoric and philosophy are not distinct entities in conversation, but instead that rhetoric provides a forum in which philosophy can exist. Jean Goodwin looks at the theory in terms of a teacher/student relationship, and Barbara Biesecker looks at how governments in the war on terror employ rhetoric to manipulate the social consciousness. A concluding article by Carroll Arnold casts rhetoric as a dramatic device essential to establishing personal sovereignty. During its forty years, Hauser writes, the journal “radically altered the relationship between philosophy and rhetoric from irreconcilable antagonists to interlocutors in a shared inquiry into the constitutive powers of discourse.” This series of essays brilliantly traces the arc of that accomplishment.

Published by: Penn State University Press

Copyright

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pp. iv-

Contents

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pp. v-

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Philosophy and Rhetoric: An Abbreviated History of an Evolving Identity

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pp. 1-14

With this volume, Philosophy and Rhetoric begins its fortieth year of publication. As a milestone of longevity, it is both a mark of its youth and its maturity. Most disciplines have flagship journals with considerably longer spans of continuous publication, in some cases exceeding 100 years. Philosophy and Rhetoric, however, has no professional society as its sponsor. Its survival has and continues ...

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The Philosophical Basis of Rhetoric

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pp. 15-26

I want to begin by distinguishing between what has a philosophical basis at all and what has none. Science, history, morals, and art have a philosophical basis. Fishing, tennis, needlecraft, and carpentry do not. The criterion that determines membership in each list is simple: an activity has a philosophical basis if, and only if, the practice of it distinguishes man from the animals. It must be disqualified ...

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Philosophical Rhetoric

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pp. 27-35

I knew Henry Johnstone as a colleague and friend for nearly three decades, one of which was the decade (1976–87) during which I served as editor of Philosophy and Rhetoric. My editorship fell between Johnstone’s first tenure as founder and editor and his second period of editorship, during his retirement. Johnstone introduced me to the importance of rhetoric while we were colleagues at Penn ...

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Theoretical Pieties, Johnstone’s Impiety, and Ordinary Views of Argumentation

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pp. 36-50

The greatest single influence on rhetorical theory throughout its long history, and likewise on its daughter or sister enterprise, the theory of argument, has without doubt been students. In part, the influence has been bad. Docile students have (it seems) offered little resistance to their teachers’ theoretical hobbyhorses, being willing to cram for the exam, or the speech, fantastical systems of staseis, topoi, figurae and five ...

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Kinship: The Relationship Between Johnstone’s Ideas About Philosophical Argument And The Pragma-Dialectical Theory Of Argumentation

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pp. 51-70

As he himself declared in Validity and Rhetoric in Philosophical Argument (1978, 1), the late philosopher Henry W. Johnstone Jr. devoted a long period of his professional life to clarifying the nature of philosophical argument. His well-known view was that philosophical arguments are sui generis, i.e., not to be judged by the standards of argumentation in science or everyday discourse. ...

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Rhetoric Achieves Nature: A View from Old Europe

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pp. 71-88

I would like to quote a well-known example used by Frege to illustrate the difference between Sinn and Bedeutung, as a point of departure for this essay: Venus is the morning star and the evening star—it depends on the beholder1—but Venus, the celestial body, it objectively is. In the eyes of the beholder lies “sense” (Sinn); in an objective view, resides “reference” (Bedeutung). Or, to put ...

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On Rhetoric as Gift/Giving

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pp. 89-107

In this essay, I explore the possibilities of rhetoric as gift. I begin with the Homeric gift economy and the rhetorical resources of this economy.1 My use of “economy” here is not reducible to a monetary exchange system, but rather a more general system of practices orchestrating cultural identity and relations. As Georges Bataille suggests, studying a general economy may hold the key to ...

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Rhetorical Criticism and the Challenges of Bilateral Argument

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pp. 108-118

To assume editorial responsibilities for Philosophy & Rhetoric after Henry W. Johnstone was to have assumed rather a lot. He was, for starters, a philospher, and I am not. This much appeared to bother Henry not a bit, and in fact it proved the occasion of many productive discussions and facilitated my apprenticeship in ways for which I am still grateful. By trade a rhetorical critic, I was particularly ...

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The Faith and Struggle of Beginning (with) Words: On the Turn Between Reconciliation and Recognition

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pp. 119-146

In a beginning that strives to constitute the grounds for understanding from the terms of fate’s violence, the promise of the word is not (self) fulfilling. Caught within those conflicts that ban the self from its own voice and which use the codicils of law’s precedent to deter expression and collective (inter)action, the power of language is simultaneously rendered absolute and suspect. As such ...

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No Time for Mourning: The Rhetorical Production of the Melancholic Citizen-Subject in the War on Terror

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pp. 147-169

At the same time that the Bush Administration’s declaration of the so-called war on terror and intervention in Iraq exacerbated tensions between its long-standing allies as well as enemies on the international front, it miraculously delivered the American people back to itself. Suddenly a whole host of high-profile domestic conflicts on whose outcome the very viability of the nation was said ...

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Oral Rhetoric, Rhetoric, and Literature

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pp. 170-187

In 1960, Professor Donald R. Pearce edited and published a small volume entitled The Senate Speeches of W. B. Yeats.1 Some editorial decisions Pearce made serve to focus attention on what the distinctive features of spoken, instigative discourse may be.2 Pearce included in his volume of “speeches” a body of extensively interrupted discourse on divorce, delivered in the Irish Senate. This material comprises ...

Back Cover

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E-ISBN-13: 9780271053196
E-ISBN-10: 0271053194
Print-ISBN-13: 9780271027685
Print-ISBN-10: 0271027681

Page Count: 188
Publication Year: 2007