The Culture and Commerce of the Early American Novel
Reading the Atlantic World-System
Publication Year: 2009
Published by: Penn State University Press
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Without the help of an honor guard over the years, these pages would not exist. My gratitude to Michael Denning, Bryan Wolf, Philip Barnard, Mark Kamrath, David Waldstreicher, Jeffrey Richards, and Ed White. Others gave encouragement and aid when all seemed lost. In rough chronological order, let the dignity of their names sound my thanks: Mark Averitt, David L. Smith, Christopher Pye, Michael Knight (RIP), Peter Conrad...
1: method and misperception: the paradigm problem of the early american novel
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In the introduction of his contemporary history of the United States, the Annals of Europe and America (1807â10), Philadelphia-born novelist Charles Brockden Brown (1771â1810) considers the idea of Americaâs manifest self-determination as nonsense. Because America principally depends on international trade, its âdestiny . . . is intimately connected with the situation and transactions of European...
2: The Geoculture of the Anglo-French Eighteenth-Century World-System
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The intrinsic, cyclical tensions for competitive advantage within the capitalist world-system propel phase transformations, where each long wave has its own distinctive geocultural features within the larger predicates of historical capitalism. Marx characterized the eighteenth century by its supersession of small workshops with the conglomeration of formerly isolated workers in a single space of production...
3: The Re-export Republic and the Rise of the Early American Novel
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The transformation of Western European society through the long eighteenth century from early modern political, juridical, belief, and exchange systems to modern ones ends with the enlargement and incipient consolidation of two classes: the bourgeoisie and an urban, provincial, and colonial proletariat formed from a collection of previously discrete or loosely...
4: The Paradox of the Public Sphere: Franklinâs Autobiography and the Institution of Ideology
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Amidst the transformation between long phases of the modern world-system,the resulting milieu created by re-export allowed nascent semiperipheral agentsto reconfigure elements of the once dominant geoculture, such as sentimental fiction. This literary turn partly occurs because sentimental fiction was already a constituent regulating device within the dynamic system. But when...
5: Wieland and the Problem of Counterinstitutionality
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In Wieland; or, The Transformation (1798), Brown delivers a tale about gothic violence within Mettingen, the Wieland family manor on Philadelphiaâs outskirts, seemingly touched off by the mysterious arrival of Carwin, an educated young man of indeterminate origins, as a geographical device to represent tensions within the re-export republicâs sociocultural field. As...
6: Arthur Mervyn and the Racial Revolution of Narrative Consciousness
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In his earlier fictions, Brown unpacks civil societyâs systemic violence and indicates the emerging form of social regulation by âtherapeuticâ medical and juridical institutions that seek to contain that violence by externalizing it on exceptional members as a matter of individual dysfunction. Although Wielandâs suburban enclave is not a self-evidently prime target for a...
Afterword: Early Nineteenth-Century American Studies and the World-Systems Perspective
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Shortly after 1800, American political economy, culture, and power shifts once more in relation to an altering world-system. Although the last phases of the long eighteenth century continue throughout the Napoleonic Wars, the new long waveâs constellation was already beginning to emerge. A key feature of this British-dominated phase involves the reshaping of imperial contours...
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Page Count: 384
Publication Year: 2009