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Crafting Peace

Power-Sharing Institutions and the Negotiated Settlement of Civil Wars

Caroline A Hartzell, Matthew Hoddie

Publication Year: 2008

The recent efforts to reach a settlement of the enduring and tragic conflict in Darfur demonstrate how important it is to understand what factors contribute most to the success of such efforts. In this book, Caroline Hartzell and Matthew Hoddie review data from all negotiated civil war settlements between 1945 and 1999 in order to identify these factors. What they find is that settlements are more likely to produce an enduring peace if they involve construction of a diversity of power-sharing and power-dividing arrangements between former adversaries. The strongest negotiated settlements prove to be those in which former rivals agree to share or divide state power across its economic, military, political, and territorial dimensions. This finding is a significant addition to the existing literature, which tends to focus more on the role that third parties play in mediating and enforcing agreements. Beyond the quantitative analyses, the authors include a chapter comparing contrasting cases of successful and unsuccessful settlements in the Philippines and Angola, respectively.

Published by: Penn State University Press

Front Cover

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pp. vii

List of Tables

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pp. ix

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pp. xi

This study would not have been possible without the encouragement and support of a great many people. Special thanks go to our professor, mentor, and friend, Donald Rothchild. In addition to helping us develop and refine our personal interests in the study of conflict and its management, ...

List of Abbreviations and Acronyms

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pp. xiii-xiv

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Introduction: Institutions and the Negotiated Settlement of Civil Wars

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pp. 1-20

Institutions can have a powerful influence on the shape of social conflict. South Africa, a country that endured a brutal civil war throughout the 1980s between its black majority and white minority, is a particularly telling example of the capacity of institutions to foster either conflict or cooperation among collectivities with distinct interests. ...

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1 After the Fighting Stops: Security Concerns, Institutions, and the Post-Civil War Environment

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pp. 21-42

Institutions play a critical role in civil war settlements. As Harvey Waterman observes, ‘‘civil wars [often] end in a deal and that . . . deal is about political institutions.’’1 Institutions, defined as rules regarding the manner in which competition among actors should take place, prohibit particular behaviors and require others. ...

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2 Creating Power-Sharing and Power-Dividing Institutions

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pp. 43-63

That power-sharing and power-dividing institutions have the potential to encourage an enduring peace in states emerging from civil war provides no guarantee that adversaries will mutually agree to their construction at the end of hostilities. This is apparent in the analysis of the thirty-eight fully negotiated civil war settlements ...

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3 Institutionalizing an Enduring Peace

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pp. 64-85

Successfully negotiating a peace agreement to end civil war does not ensure that the peace former foes have constructed will prove enduring. Among the forty-nine negotiated civil war peace agreements established in the post– World War II era, eighteen eventually collapsed and experienced a reinitiation of hostilities. ...

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4 Implementing Power-Sharing and Power-Dividing Agreements

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pp. 86-108

Up to this point, we have been concerned with the process through which power-sharing and power-dividing mechanisms are established in the aftermath of civil war and how the development of these institutions enhances the prospects of an enduring postwar peace. ...

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5 Negotiating for Peace in Angola and the Philippines: Case Studies of Failure and Success

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pp. 109-139

In the previous three chapters of this book, we used a cross-national approach to consider the role that power-sharing and power-dividing institutions play during the process of negotiating an end to civil war. Here, however, we move beyond analyzing civil war resolution through the columns and rows of data sets ...

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pp. 140-158

We began this book by describing the role power-sharing and power-dividing institutions played in facilitating the construction of an enduring peace in South Africa. Emerging from a war that had lasted nearly a decade, provisions for sharing multiple dimensions of state power fostered an environment ...


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pp. 159-178


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pp. 179-186


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pp. 187-194

Back Cover

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E-ISBN-13: 9780271053073
E-ISBN-10: 0271053070
Print-ISBN-13: 9780271032085
Print-ISBN-10: 0271032081

Page Count: 208
Illustrations: 1 charts/graphs, 14 tables
Publication Year: 2008