The Fourth Enemy
Journalism and Power in the Making of Peronist Argentina, 1930–1955
Publication Year: 2012
Published by: Penn State University Press
Title Page, Copyright
List of Illustrations
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Preface and Acknowledgments
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List of Abbreviations
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Introduction: From Fourth Estate to Fourth Enemy
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When Juan Domingo Perón announced his new government’s economic agenda from the stage of the Teatro Colón, the working men and women sitting in the posh seats of the famed Buenos Aires opera house could not miss the symbolic importance of the act. Not only was the...
1. The Fourth Estate
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Disconcertingly well-stocked periodical kiosks crowded the sidewalks of mid-twentieth-century Buenos Aires, stuffed with the enormous variety of the morning’s fruits—the afternoon’s detritus—of Latin America’s largest publishing industry. With over seven...
2. Journalism and Power in the Impossible Republic
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The military movement that ended the presidency of Hipólito Yrigoyen rode a broad wave of support. For months the Yrigoyen government had failed to respond to the first devastating moments of a world economic crisis that threatened to undermine the foundation...
3. The Triumph of Silence
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For the second time since the world crisis began in 1930, the city of Buenos Aires filled with the sounds of sporadic gunfire, tanks, sirens, and marching soldiers while thick smoke poured from burning buses and streetcars. Jubilant civilians occupied the Plaza de...
4. Journalism as Labor Power
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In the first months following the coup of June 1943, the government of General Ramírez had found its primary source of legitimacy in the profound public discontent with the political corruption of the preceding thirteen years. Yet, by defining their overriding mission as the...
5. Scenes from the Press Wars
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Few moments are as pivotal in modern Argentine history as the evening of October 17, 1945. The forced resignation of Juan Domingo Perón from the government and his subsequent detention by military officials on October 12 laid bare the fragility of the sweeping social...
6. The Die Is Cast
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The events of October 1945 revealed a chasm between the “representatives of public opinion” and broad sectors of the Argentine public far deeper than the proprietors of Buenos Aires commercial newspapers cared to admit. Yet the press’s unanimity in celebrating...
7. The Fourth Enemy
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The consolidation of the Peronist media project left the Argentine journalism landscape utterly transformed. In October 1945, at Perón’s moment of greatest crisis—and greatest political victory—the major Buenos Aires dailies had stood unanimously against him; five years...
Conclusion: Journalism and Power in the New Argentina
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With the expropriation of La Prensa and its transfer to the CGT, the dramatic transformation of Latin America’s most powerful newspaper industry was complete: Crítica, La Razón, Noticias Gráficas, El Mundo, and finally the Paz family’s paper had all come under the control...
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Page Count: 328
Illustrations: 14 illustrations
Publication Year: 2012