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Sustainable Development

The UN Millennium Development Goals, the UN Global Compact, and the Common Good

edited by Oliver F. Williams, C.S.C.

Publication Year: 2014

For business to flourish, society must flourish. In today's global economy, business serves the common good not only by producing goods and services but also by reaching out to the many who are not even in the market because they lack marketable skills and the resources to acquire them. Sustainable Development: The UN Millennium Development Goals, the UN Global Compact, and the Common Good contains twenty-two essays that document the work of Western companies, working through the UN Global Compact and its Principles of Responsible Investment and the Principles for Responsible Management Education, to shape more peaceful and just societies. Seven case studies by leading businesses and private-public partnerships—including Microsoft, Merck, Sumitomo Chemical, Nestlé, Coca-Cola, Novartis, and Levi Strauss—outline their projects, especially those advancing the MDGs (Millennium Development Goals) designed to alleviate dire poverty. Twelve chapters reflect on some of the conceptual issues involved with the MDGs, and the three concluding essays examine the future of the UN Global Compact, of the Millennium Development Goals, and of the role of business enterprise in society.

Published by: University of Notre Dame Press

Title Page, Copyright Page

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pp. i-iv

Contents

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pp. v-viii

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Foreword

Bishop Kevin Dowling, C.Ss.R.

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pp. iv-xviii

As the introduction to this volume states, “There is an astounding gap in wealth and income throughout the world. While some poor countries have become prosperous, in many nations poverty and inequalities have deepened, especially in Africa. Today there are more...

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Introduction

Oliver F. Williams, C.S.C.

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pp. 1-16

Sustainability can mean all things to all persons, and many organizations are working hard to figure out what it means for them and how to implement it. The term is often used as a synonym for corporate social responsibility (CSR), corporate responsibility, and corporate...

Part I: Business and the Millennium Development Goals

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1. The Role of Business in Society: The Microsoft Vision

Daniel T. Bross

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pp. 19-51

People everywhere—from corporate board rooms to the halls of academia to the corner café—agree that corporations are obliged to fulfill certain responsibilities in the course of doing business, but that is often where the agreement ends. It is not easy to reach a consensus on exactly...

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2. A Public and Private Partnership: The ACHAP Experience in Botswana

Themba L Moeti, Innocent Chingombe, and Godfrey Musuka

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pp. 52-86

HIV/AIDS is one of the greatest threats to development for African countries, particularly those in southern Africa, where Botswana is located. HIV/AIDS is acknowledged as Botswana’s greatest health and development challenge. Thus, dealing aggressively with HIV/AIDS and...

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3. Sumitomo Chemical and the Millennium Development Goals

Scott Mitchell

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pp. 87-93

The Sumitomo Chemical Group includes over one hundred subsidiaries and affiliates, operates businesses in five sectors (basic chemicals, petrochemicals, IT-related chemicals, health and crop sciences, and pharmaceuticals), and provides products worldwide that support...

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4. Doing Well by Doing Good—The Nestlé Way

John Bee

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pp. 94-104

Good food, good life is what Nestlé is all about. As the world’s leading nutrition, health, and wellness company, Nestlé has a long history of providing quality products supported by an expertise in nutrition, health, and wellness, and it is the largest private funder of nutrition...

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5. Coca-Cola and Society

Holly Hermes

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pp. 105-116

The Coca-Cola story is one that spans over a century, includes more than two hundred countries across the globe, and touches at least 1.7 billion people every day. In 2010, Coca-Cola’s 139,600 employees helped generate over $35 billion dollars in revenue. As companies grow...

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6. Achieving the UN Millennium Development Goals

York Lunau

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pp. 117-139

Novartis has been contributing to the realization of the UN Millennium Development Goals since their launch in 2000. First and foremost, Novartis contributes through its core business—the discovery, development, and marketing of innovative drugs, helping to save millions...

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7. How Global Employers Can Address HIV/AIDS

Kirk O. Hanson

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pp. 140-160

The global epidemic of HIV/AIDS, first identified in the early 1980s, initially provoked fear and avoidance, but later, extensive research, public health campaigns, and treatment regimens that became available to a growing proportion of the victims of this disease. Slowly...

Part II: Scholarship Advancing the Role of Business in Society

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8. Some Ethical Explications of the UN Framework for Business and Human Rights

Georges Enderle

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pp. 163-183

The UN “Protect, Respect and Remedy” Framework, proposed in 2008, arguably provides a thoughtful and solid structure on which the debate and action on business and human rights can be built. However, its ethical implications are barely articulated. This essay attempts to...

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9. The United Nations Global Compact and Human Rights

Douglass Cassel

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pp. 184-191

My remarks concern the human rights principles of the United Nations Global Compact. Principles 1 and 2 are as follows: Principle 1: Businesses should support and respect the protection of internationally proclaimed human rights; and Principle 2: make sure that they are not complicit in human rights...

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10. Integrative Social Contracts Theory and the UN Global Compact

Daniel Malan

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pp. 192-213

In an era of political correctness and sophisticated communication, it would be unexpected to find any corporation today that would openly support the views expressed by Milton Friedman. In his famous article that was originally published in the New York Times Sunday Magazine...

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11. The MDGs, Partnering for Results

Philip Parham

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pp. 214-220

This brief essay will give an overview from a government perspective on “partnering to achieve the Millennium Development Goals.” I plan to do three things: First, to set out our perspectives on the September 2010 UN Millennium Development Goals Summit and how the United Kingdom...

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12. Business-NGO Collaboration on Peace Building

Hal Culbertson

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pp. 221-246

Contemporary conflicts create significant challenges for meeting the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Since the end of the Cold War, most armed conflicts have been civil wars, in many cases involving influence or resources from neighboring states.1 These conflicts...

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13. Putting Reputation at Risk

James S. O’Rourke, IV

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pp. 247-270

Wise managers know they must invest in structures that will grow and protect their corporate reputation. They understand that corporate reputation—apart from brand and product reputation—is a manageable strategic asset. Those managers also know that, on very little notice...

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14. The UN Global Compact

Deborah Rigling Gallagher

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pp. 271-291

In the spring of 2000, business, labor, and civil society leaders joined with United Nations representatives to develop a framework to serve Secretary-General Kofi Annan’s 1999 call at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland: “I call on you—individually through your...

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15. Pursuing Purposeful Profit

Mark R. Kennedy

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pp. 292-310

After observing business from both a business executive suite and the halls of Congress, both in America and around the world, I am convinced that the greatest untapped profit opportunity available to businesses today is having a purpose that benefits both society and the...

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16.: Employee Engagement through Social and Environmental Responsibility

Ante Glavas

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pp. 311-323

Employee Social and Environmental Responsibility Studies in the last decade of the work force in the United States painted a very bleak picture. Only 29 percent of the workforce was engaged,1 and an estimated $300 billion was lost per year in the United States due to decrease in productivity from disengaged employees2—....

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17. A Nonprofit Sector Perspective of the United Nations Global Compact and Millennium Goals

Thomas J. Harvey

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pp. 324-331

The primary function of the economy involves the creation of wealth. For most people, this statement is a given. Most of the essays in this book either attempt to demonstrate or else assume that the economy can fulfill this important function while at the same time accomplishing...

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18. Millennium Development Goals, Business Planning, and the UN Global Compact Management Model

Gerald F. Cavanagh, S.J., and Eric Hespenheide

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pp. 332-350

Preserving a livable planet and reducing global poverty are essential not only for sustaining vigorous markets but also for the future stability of the world. Moreover, it is essential for a business firm to plan for future products and markets. Thus the United Nations has invited...

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19. Do The Principles of Responsible Management Education Matter?

Arvid C. Johnson

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pp. 351-358

Dominican University is a private, Catholic university located in River Forest, Illinois, ten miles west of the Chicago Loop. With an enrollment of nearly 3,800 students—about half of whom are graduate students—it offers bachelor’s degrees in more than fifty areas of...

Part III: Where Do We Go From Here?

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20. The Future of the United Nations Global Compact

Kirk O. Hanson

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pp. 361-368

Since the founding of the United Nations Global Compact in 2000, many have admired its perseverance and effectiveness in engaging corporations and their leaders in the pursuit of global economic and social development. The ten principles of the Global Compact summarize...

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21. Beyond Corporate Responsibility to the Common Good

Sandra Waddock

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pp. 269-387

The breadth and depth of the issues that abound in the world suggest that they are systemic, and must be dealt with by seeking root causes and fundamental issues. Corporate responsibility measures—which generally accept the system as given—will not get us to the systemic...

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22. Advancing Human Rights in Developing Countries

Oliver F. Williams, C.S.C.

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pp. 388-400

Each of the companies profiled in this volume discusses how they are advancing human rights in accordance with the UN Millennium Development Goals. The question often arises as to whether a company should take on some of the problems of the wider society out of a sense...

Contributors

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pp. 401-410

Index

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pp. 411-421

Back Cover

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E-ISBN-13: 9780268096724
E-ISBN-10: 0268096724
Print-ISBN-13: 9780268044299
Print-ISBN-10: 0268044295

Page Count: 424
Illustrations: 6 figs., 4 tables
Publication Year: 2014

Series Title: The John W. Houck Notre Dame Series in Business Ethics
Series Editor Byline: ????

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Subject Headings

  • Economic development -- Developing countries.
  • Poverty -- Developing countries.
  • Sustainable development -- Social aspects -- Case studies.
  • Social responsibility of business -- Case studies.
  • Public health -- Developing countries.
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