Democracy in Latin America
Between Hope and Despair
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: University of Notre Dame Press
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This book is a dialogue between academia and politics. My life has trav-eled paths between both. After a decade dedicated to law, first as a stu-dent and later as a human rights lawyer during the Pinochet dictator-ship (1973â 1990), my life turned to political science and active politicswith a single fixation: the consolidation of democracy and respect for...
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It is a paradox of our region and time period that, while Latin Americaexperiences the most widespread presence of democracy in its history,there remains a general perception that these democracies are fragile.There is talk of a democratic âdeficit,â or the problem of democraticBetween 2005 and 2010 there were eighteen presidential elections...
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At diï¬erent times and in various forms, liberalism, positivism, revolution,corporatism, clientelism, patrimonialism, socialism, and populism havebeen some of the ideologies and institutional arrangements attempted inthe search for a new social and political order to replace oligarchic rule.Among these, populism has been Latin Americaâs most paradigmatic re-...
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Economics is not my specialty. Nonetheless, it is impossible to under-stand political development and democracy in Latin America withoutalso examining economic development. In fact, some of the most impor-tant theories about democratic breakdown, including those of GuillermoOâDonnell, point to the close relationship between political and eco-...
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My experience of democratic breakdown in Latin America has nothingto do with theory. I was seventeen years old and a senior in high schoolwhen a military coup overthrew the government of President SalvadorI studied at Saint Georgeâs College in Santiago, which was aï¬liatedwith the Congregation of Holy Cross (which is, in turn, associated with...
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In our recent history, one could say that there are at least three basic ap-proaches to economic development in Latin America: neoliberalism, neo -populism, and what we have referred to in the case of the ConcertaciÃ³ngovernments (1990â 2010) in Chile as âgrowth with equity.âMore than a model, we prefer to speak of a âstrategyâ of develop-...
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I began to write this chapterânot thinking that it would become partof a bookâwhile listening to a speech that Hugo ChÃ¡vez gave in Lima,Peru, in 2005. The speech was given at one of the many summits forSouth American heads of stateâI donât remember if it was for the An-dean Community or the South American Community of Nations (later...
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I have been a member of the Chamber of Deputies and a senator, workedin the executive and the legislative branches of government, been part ofthe governing administration and, most recently, been part of the oppo-sition. One could say that, through personal experience in the politicalsystem, I have reached some understanding of the relationship between...
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As a senator, I represent a district of twenty-six municipalities and fiveprovinces that stretches from ValparaÃso to Aconcagua, with a predomi-nantly poor, rural zone and another predominantly urban one. In bothareas, a new middle sector is breaking through in the midst of the pro-found transformations that have taken place during the process of de-...
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As OâDonnell explains (and as we saw in chapter 5), Latin America facespoverty both in the material sense, as a lack of goods, and in a legal sense,as a lack of rights. The implication of this fundamental idea is that theregion faces the challenge of providing not only welfare, but also insti-tutions (among other things), so that the provision of material welfare is...
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Page Count: 280
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: From the Helen Kellogg Institute for International Studies
Series Editor Byline: Scott Mainwaring, series editor