The Theology of Thomas Aquinas
Publication Year: 2010
Published by: University of Notre Dame Press
Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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The essay by David B. Burrell, “Analogy, Creation, and Theological Language,” has appeared in slightly different form in American Catholic Philosophical Association Proceedings, vol. 74 (2001): 32‒52, and is printed here with the permission of the editor. ...
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This volume offers an introduction to the theology of the great thirteenth- century Scholastic, Thomas Aquinas, covering the major areas of theological investigation. After an initial essay on the nature of theology according to Aquinas (Marshall), there are contributions on his trinitarian thought (Rikhof, Emery) ...
Chapter One: Quod Scit Una Uetula: Aquinas on the Nature of Theology
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During the season of Lent, perhaps as late as 1273, Thomas Aquinas gave a series of instructional sermons on the Apostles’ Creed in his Neapolitan vernacular.1 We have them only in later Latin summaries by his secretary, Reginald of Piperno, but the simplicity and directness of Aquinas’ address to the faithful ...
Chapter Two: Trinity
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One of the striking features of contemporary systematic theology is the remarkable renaissance of the theology of the Trinity. Both Catholic and Protestant theologians have contributed to the retrieval of what is commonly confessed to be the heart of the Christian faith but is often rather a dead weight within theology and spirituality alike. ...
Chapter Three: Trinity and Creation
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In contemporary theological research, we see renewed interest in a trinitarian doctrine of creation. In the field of trinitarian theology, re flection strives to overcome the “isolation” that threatens the doctrine of the Trinity, according to the account put forward some time ago by Karl Rahner.1 ...
Chapter Four: Analogy, Creation, and Theological Language
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What singles Thomas Aquinas out from an array of medieval thinkers, and sets him off decisively from many who followed him, is the way in which he was able to transform the philosophical frameworks given him, yet do so in a way that respected their logical and semantic integrity.1 ...
Chapter Five: Divine Foreknowledge, Providence, Predestination, and Human Freedom
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Aquinas maintains that divine foreknowledge, providence, and predestination are compatible with creaturely contingency and freedom. He does so throughout his career and in many of his texts, from the early commentary on Peter Lombard’s Sentences, written in the mid-1250s, to his letter to the abbot of Monte Cassino, ...
Chapter Six: Trinitarian Anthropology
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At the beginning of his Summa Theologiae St. Thomas explains that the proper study of the theologian is God as He exists in Himself and also as the beginning and end of all things, especially the rational creature.1 In fact, the main subject of the long exposition of sacra doctrina that follows is man, ...
Chapter Seven: Evil, Sin, and Death: Thomas Aquinas on Original Sin
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Although the idea of original sin is not one of the most popular topics of Christian teaching, it is still considered to be an essential part. According to this doctrine, the first sin of Adam has been passed on to the whole of mankind by way of origin, that is, transmitted through sexual reproduction from generation to generation. ...
Chapter Eight: Right Reason and the Love of God: The Parameters of Aquinas’ Moral Theology
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We are currently in the midst of a revival of interest in Aquinas’ moral theology. This revival is only the latest in a series of efforts over the past century to retrieve Aquinas’ moral theology as a resource for contemporary moral thought. ...
Chapter Nine: Grace
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In this chapter, I will provide an introduction to Aquinas’ doctrine of grace, as this is found, in particular, in ST I-II.109‒114.1 The treatise on grace does not, however, stand in isolation. It not only completes the Prima Secundae, bringing to a term Aquinas’ reflections there on the movement of the human person to God as end;2 ...
Chapter Ten: Hypostatic Union
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Aquinas offers sustained meditations on Jesus Christ in many of his writings.1 In terms of content, there is a remarkable consistency to Aquinas’ teaching about Christ over the course of his theological career. He returns repeatedly to the same fundamental claims about Jesus: Jesus’ centrality in the salvific process; ...
Chapter Eleven: The Humanity of Christ, the Incarnate Word
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“The good theologian,” St. Thomas writes in his commentary on John’s Gospel, “professes the true faith in both the humanity of Christ and the divinity of Christ.1 In this statement Aquinas affirms the Chalcedonian definition of Christ as true God and true man, the divine Person of the Word substantially united to a human nature and a divine nature. ...
Chapter Twelve: “Bearing the Marks of Christ’s Passion: ”Aquinas’ Soteriology
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An engagement with Aquinas’ soteriology may appear unattractive, given modern concerns.1 Modern soteriology puts less emphasis on salvation from sin than is the case in more traditional soteriologies. For Jürgen Moltmann, for instance, the perspective has shifted from sin to suffering, ...
Chapter Thirteen: Theology of Church
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Until the twentieth century the theme of the church in the thought of Thomas Aquinas was not much discussed. Then, in the century just ended, the ecclesiologies of medieval theologians began to be studied. The theology of the church—which was related to such topics as ecumenism, episcopal collegiality, ...
Chapter Fourteen: Sacraments
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There is, indeed, a theology of sacraments in Aquinas. It does not, however, come in the form of a “treatise on sacraments.” Thomas Aquinas, like other Scholastic masters, was not writing a theology of this or that. The subject of his theology was God. When he dealt with this or that, it was as it comes forth from God and returns to God. ...
Chapter Fifteen: Eschatology
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Is there a life after death? What may we hope for? What should we think of heaven and hell? Questions like these are traditionally subsumed and treated under the heading of “eschatology,” the doctrine of the Last Things. Contemporary theology has great difficulty answering them. ...
Chapter Sixteen: Thomas Aquinas as Interpreter of Scripture
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The medievals seem not to have recognized a distinction between systematic and historical theology, or between dogmatics and exegesis. A medieval professor of theology typically was expected to teach all aspects of the faith and to be conversant with all sources of theological knowledge. ...
Chapter Seventeen: Philosophical Theology and Analytical Philosophy in Aquinas
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What is the relationship of philosophy to theology in the thought of Thomas Aquinas? A fruitful initial procedure is to examine in general the possible relations (or lack of relation) which could exist between them. First, one general view is that there is no relationship between philosophy and theology. ...
Chapter Eighteen: Faith and Reason Follow Glory
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Protestant skepticism about the theology of Thomas Aquinas focuses on his doctrine of grace. Protestants worry that Aquinas has too high a view of human nature, that grace for Aquinas is so reliable as to impugn divine freedom, and thus that humans could exact grace from God. ...
A Note on the Literature
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Page Count: 496
Publication Year: 2010